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Marbury v. Madison. ?. Marbury v. Madison. 1803 case in which Chief Justice Marshall first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the Constitution; established the power of judicial review of legislation. McCulloch v. Maryland. ?. McCulloch v. Maryland.

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Marbury v. Madison

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Marbury v. Madison

1803 case in which Chief Justice Marshall first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the Constitution; established the power of judicial review of legislation.



McCulloch v. Maryland

1819 decision that established the supremacy of the national government over state governments; also held that Congress had implied powers in addition to the enumerated powers found in the Constitution.



Gibbons v. Ogden

1824 decision that broadly interpreted the clause in Article I, Section 8, giving Congress the power to regulate interstate commerce.


Scott v. Sandford

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Scott v. Sandford

1857 decision ruling that a Black person, slave or free, was “chattel” (property) and had no rights under a White man’s government.


Plessy v. Ferguson

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Plessy v. Ferguson

1896 decision that provided justification for segregation by ruling that a state law requiring “equal but separate accommodations for the White and colored races” was constitutional.


Korematsu v. United States

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Korematsu v. United States

1944 decision that upheld the internment of more than 100,000 Americans of Japanese descent in encampments during World War II.



Brown v. Board of Education

1954 decision holding that school segregation was unconstitutional because it violated the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee of “equal protection of the laws”.


Schenck v. United States

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Schenck v. United States

1919 case upholding the conviction of a socialist who had urged young men to resist the draft during World War I. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes said that government can limit speech if the speech provokes a “clear and present danger” of substantive evils.



Roth v. United States

1957 case ruling that “obscenity is not within the area of constitutionally protected speech or press.”


Mapp v. Ohio

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Mapp v. Ohio

1961 decision ruling that the Fourth Amendment’s protection against unreasonable searches and seizures must be extended to the states as well as the federal government.



Gideon v. Wainwright

1963 decision holding that anyone accused of a felony where imprisonment may be imposed has a right to a lawyer, even if the person is too poor to afford one.



Miranda v. Arizona

1966 decision that sets guidelines for police questioning of accused persons to protect them against self-incrimination and to protect their right to counsel.



Roe v. Wade

1973 decision holding that a state ban on all abortions is unconstitutional, based on a theory of right to privacy.


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