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Marbury v. Madison

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Marbury v. Madison. ?. Marbury v. Madison. 1803 case in which Chief Justice Marshall first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the Constitution; established the power of judicial review of legislation. McCulloch v. Maryland. ?. McCulloch v. Maryland.

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Marbury v. Madison

1803 case in which Chief Justice Marshall first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the Constitution; established the power of judicial review of legislation.

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McCulloch v. Maryland

1819 decision that established the supremacy of the national government over state governments; also held that Congress had implied powers in addition to the enumerated powers found in the Constitution.

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Gibbons v. Ogden

1824 decision that broadly interpreted the clause in Article I, Section 8, giving Congress the power to regulate interstate commerce.

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Scott v. Sandford

1857 decision ruling that a Black person, slave or free, was “chattel” (property) and had no rights under a White man’s government.

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Plessy v. Ferguson

1896 decision that provided justification for segregation by ruling that a state law requiring “equal but separate accommodations for the White and colored races” was constitutional.

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Korematsu v. United States

1944 decision that upheld the internment of more than 100,000 Americans of Japanese descent in encampments during World War II.

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Brown v. Board of Education

1954 decision holding that school segregation was unconstitutional because it violated the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee of “equal protection of the laws”.

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Schenck v. United States

1919 case upholding the conviction of a socialist who had urged young men to resist the draft during World War I. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes said that government can limit speech if the speech provokes a “clear and present danger” of substantive evils.

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Roth v. United States

1957 case ruling that “obscenity is not within the area of constitutionally protected speech or press.”

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Mapp v. Ohio

1961 decision ruling that the Fourth Amendment’s protection against unreasonable searches and seizures must be extended to the states as well as the federal government.

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Gideon v. Wainwright

1963 decision holding that anyone accused of a felony where imprisonment may be imposed has a right to a lawyer, even if the person is too poor to afford one.

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Miranda v. Arizona

1966 decision that sets guidelines for police questioning of accused persons to protect them against self-incrimination and to protect their right to counsel.

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Roe v. Wade

1973 decision holding that a state ban on all abortions is unconstitutional, based on a theory of right to privacy.

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