The Mutability and Repair of DNA
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The Mutability and Repair of DNA. REPLICATION ERRRORS AND THEIR REPAIR. The nature of mutations. Transitions. Transversions. Some replication errors escape proofreading. Mismatch repair removes errors that escape proofreading. Structure of MutS and DNA

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The Mutability and Repair of DNA

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The Mutability and Repair of DNA


The nature of mutations



Some replication errors escape proofreading

Mismatch repair removes errors that escape proofreading

Structure of MutS and DNA

(MutS recognizing mismatches from the distortion they cause)

Dam methylation in E. coli replication fork

Directionality in mismatch repair


DNA undergoes damage spontaneously from hydrolysis and deamination

DNA is damaged by alkylation, oxidation, and radiation

Thymine dimer caused by UV light

Base analogs and intercalating agents that cause mutations in DNA

Ames test for carcinogens

Bruce N. Ames

Professor of the Graduate School Division of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, UC Berkeley


Direct reversal of DNA damage

Direct removal of the methyl group from O6 -methylguanine

Base excision repair enzymes remove damaged bases by a base-flipping mechanism

Structure of DNA-glycosylase complex

How is an altered base detected within the context of the double-helix?

The recognition of an unusual nucleotide in DNA by base-flipping of glycosylase

Oxo-G:A repair by a fail-safe glycosylase

Nucleotide excision repair enzymes cleave damaged DNA on either side of the lesion

Transcription-coupled DNA repair

Recombination repair DNA breaks by retrieving sequence information from undamaged DNA

Double-Strand Breaks are Efficiently Repaired

DSBs in DNA are also repaired by direct joining of broken ends

Translesion DNA synthesis enables replication to proceed across DNA damage

Structures of a translesion polymerase and a typical polymerase

Mutations are linked to cancer

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