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THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVIST IR THEORY


Constructivist theoretical propositions and concepts. Theoretical propositions:ideal (social) nature of the world system; international system and states are thought of as structures of beliefs and knowledge;Ideational properties of the political actor are produced and reproduced in a cognitive an

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THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVIST IR THEORY

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THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVIST IR THEORY

  • Concept and theoretical propositions

  • Social ontology and holistic epistemology

  • Core concepts: identities, interests and socialization.

  • Foci: ideas and power; international socialization; and the process of social construction.

  • Causal mechanisms: the mechanism and process of social construction

  • Explanatory mechanisms. Methodologies.


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Constructivist theoretical propositions and concepts

  • Theoretical propositions:

  • ideal (social) nature of the world system; international system and states are thought of as structures of beliefs and knowledge;

  • Ideational properties of the political actor are produced and reproduced in a cognitive and intersubjective process of interaction;

  • Core constructivist concepts

  • Identities: issue-specific, relatively stable understandings and expectations about self;

  • Interests: ideas about the means for preservation and reproduction of identity;

  • Socialization: a process of interaction, where political actors’ identities and interests get constructed and reconfigured.


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Constructivist foci

  • Interplay of ideas and power: ideas although key explanatory variables, are not autonomous from power: rhetorical action; arguing and bargaining; and framing and shaming.

  • Global norms versus local effects: international socialization- the effect of systemic norms on domestic politics; the role of the international institutions; the role of the domestic context.

  • Mechanisms and processes of social construction: norm diffusion, learning, argumentation and coercion.


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Mechanisms and processes of social construction- norm transfer and internalization

  • Norm diffusion: occurs on the public arena, politicized process

  • Learning: takes place within private (organizational) settings, non-political process

  • Argumentative mode of social construction: argumentation, persuasion, and deliberation

  • Coercion


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Argumentative mode of socialization

Socialization process

Instrumental rationality

Utility calculations

Argumentative rationality:

Deliberation

Persuasion

Argumentation

Normative rationality

Rule-governed behaviour