EU GHG Monitoring Mechanism
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EU GHG Monitoring Mechanism Lars Müller European Commission DG ENV.C.2, Brussels André Jol European Environment Agency Copenhagen. Questions to be answered:. What is our legal basis? What are we doing? Who does it? And what happens by when? Institutional arrangements and working procedure

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Questions to be answered

EU GHG Monitoring MechanismLars Müller European CommissionDG ENV.C.2, BrusselsAndré JolEuropean Environment AgencyCopenhagen


Questions to be answered

Questions to be answered:

  • What is our legal basis?

  • What are we doing? Who does it? And what happens by when?Institutional arrangements and working procedure

  • What are the products?

  • Where do we stand today? Where do we expect to go? Actual and projected progress

  • European Climate Change Programme


Legal basis

Legal basis

  • UNFCCC (in future KP)

    • Guidelines on National Communications and annual inventories (FCCC/CP/1999/7, decision 3/CP.5) and IPCC Good Practice Guidance

    • Marrakech Accords and revised guidelines for inventories, from April 2004 (FCCC/CP/2002/8, decision 18/CP.8)

  • EU

    • Council Decision on GHG Monitoring (Decision 389/93/EEC as amended by decision 296/99/EC)

    • (internal) guidelines


Sharing the ec target of 8

Sharing the EC target of –8%


Summary of current monitoring mechanism

Summary of current Monitoring Mechanism

  • Monitoring the emissions of the six Kyoto greenhouse gases and removals by sinks,

  • Annual GHG inventory reporting by MS to the European Commission

  • EC inventory is the Sum of 15 Member States

  • Member States report their respective data to UNFCCC

  • Implementation and annual reporting of national programmes (including policies and measures) and emission projections to the Commission and

  • Evaluation of progress and reporting to the European Parliament and Council by the Commission


Ec ghg inventory institutional arrangements

EC GHG inventory institutional arrangements

  • Member states prepare inventory according to UNFCCC Guidelines and participate in EC Monitoring mechanism committee, assisted by three working groups

  • Working group I promotes improvement of all GHG inventory quality aspects (transparency, consistency, comparability, completeness, accuracy and use of good practices)

  • Working group II promotes improvement of quality of reporting on GHG emission projections (transparency, consistency, comparability, completeness)

  • Working Group III promotes implementation of EC emissions trading scheme

  • European Commission (DG ENV) responsible for submission to UNFCCC, assisted by EEA (and European Topic Centre Air and Climate Change, ETC/ACC) and Eurostat and JRC

  • EC “National Inventory Report” follows UNFCCC Guidelines


Data flow ec ghg monitoring

UNFCCC

Austria

UK

Sweden

CRF and NIR

Belgium

Finland

Germany

European Commission (ENV, ESTAT, JRC)

and EEA

Luxembourg

Italy

Greece

Denmark

France

Annual progress report

Ireland

Netherlands

Spain

Parliament

Council

Portugal

Data flow EC GHG Monitoring

EU


Data flow ec ghg monitoring1

UNFCCC

Austria

UK

Sweden

CRF and NIR

Belgium

Finland

Germany

European Commission (ENV, ESTAT, JRC)

and EEA

Luxembourg

Italy

Greece

Denmark

France

Annual progress report

Ireland

Netherlands

Spain

Parliament

Council

Portugal

Data flow EC GHG Monitoring

EU


Preparation ec inventory

Preparation EC inventory


Annual process of submission and review of ms inventories and compilation of the ec inventory

Annual process of submission and review of MS inventories and compilation of the EC inventory


Annual procedure for the eu progress assessment

Annual procedure for the EU Progress Assessment


Ec ghg inventory improvement

EC GHG inventory improvement

  • Eurostat improvement project for national energy balances and annual estimation of EC CO2 emissions (IPCC Reference Approach)

  • JRC compares national estimates for carbon sinks (focus on forests) and coordinates a project for improving GHG emissions from agriculture (focus on N2O from soils)

  • QA/QC of EC inventory depends on QA/QC systems for national GHG inventories

  • Data gap filling to achieve complete EC inventory is limited to few countries

  • Minor differences between EC and Member States’ inventories, which are further being reduced through the UNFCCC review process (centralised review of EC inventory, Sep. 2002)


New monitoring decision proposal com 2003 51 final

New Monitoring decision (Proposal COM(2003) 51 final)

  • CO-decision Procedure

  • Basic requirements in decision - further technical details in “implementing provisions” to be adopted

  • Establishment of EC greenhouse gas inventory system (KP Art. 5.1)

  • Internal procedures for the review process and adjustments (KP Art. 5.2 and Art. 8)

  • Reporting on accounting of assigned amounts and national registries (KP Art. 7.1, 7.2 and 7.4)

  • Supplementary information to be incorporated in the periodic communications to the UNFCCC

  • Policies and measures and Projections

  • details yet to be decided (ongoing procedure in Council and Parliament)


Eu greenhouse gas emissions in relation to the kyoto target excl lucf

EU greenhouse gas emissions in relation to the Kyoto target (excl. LUCF)


Greenhouse gas emission trends and kyoto protocol targets for 2008 2012

Greenhouse gas emission trends and Kyoto Protocol targets for 2008-2012


Greenhouse gas emission targets and changes from base year to 2001

Greenhouse gas emission targets and changes from base year to 2001


Ms example germany ghg and co2 emissions in relation to the kyoto target excl lucf

MS Example: Germany, GHG and CO2 emissions in relation to the Kyoto target (excl. LUCF)


Ms example uk ghg and co2 emissions in relation to the kyoto target excl lucf

MS Example: UK, GHG and CO2 emissions in relation to the Kyoto target (excl. LUCF)


Ms example spain ghg and co2 emissions in relation to the kyoto target excl lucf

MS Example: Spain, GHG and CO2 emissions in relation to the Kyoto target (excl. LUCF)


Ec key sources covering 90 of emissions

EC key sources covering 90% of emissions


Ec co2 emissions from energy industries compared with electricity consumption

EC CO2 emissions from energy industries compared with electricity consumption


Ec co2 emissions from transport compared with road freight transport development

EC CO2 emissions from transport, compared with road freight transport development


Ec co2 emissions from transport compared with road passenger transport development

EC CO2 emissions from transport, compared with road passenger transport development


Ec member states co2 emissions from transport

EC Member States CO2 emissions from transport


Ec co2 emissions from manufacturing industries compared with gross value added

EC CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries compared with gross value added


Ec ch4 emissions from waste compared with waste disposal on land

EC CH4 emissions from waste compared with waste disposal on land


Ec ghg projections for 2010 information basis

EC GHG projections for 2010, information basis

  • Information provided to the European Commission until mid 2002 and reported in December 2002 (Commission Communication)

  • Third national communication for Au, Be, Fi, Fr, Nl, Sp, Sw, UK

  • Additional information under the EU GHG Monitoring mechanism for Be, Dk, Fi, Fr, Ge, Gr, Ir, It, Nl, Pt, Sw, UK

  • All projections for 2010 are excluding carbon sinks and only include domestic policies and measures (no inclusion of Kyoto mechanisms)

  • Updated information being incorporated in Commission communication due end of 2003


Ec ghg emission projection 2010 based on national projections

110

100

(Base year = 100)

With measures

Actual emissions

GHG emissions

Target

8%

90

With additional

With additional

measures

measures

80

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

EC GHG emission projection 2010 (based on national projections)

110

110

100

100

(Base year = 100)

(Base year = 100)

With measures

With measures

Actual emissions

GHG emissions

GHG emissions

Target

8%

90

90

With additional

measures

80

80

1990

1990

1995

1995

2000

2000

2005

2005

2010

2010


Greenhouse gas emission projections and kyoto protocol targets for 2008 2012

Greenhouse gas emission projections and Kyoto Protocol targets for 2008-2012


Ms example uk ghg emission projection 2010

MS Example: UK, GHG emission projection 2010


Ms example portugal ghg emission projection 2010

MS Example: Portugal, GHG emission projection 2010


Eu policies and measures

EU policies and measures

  • National programmes

    • Reported to UNFCCC and European Commission

    • National responsibility

  • EU common and coordinated policies and measures

    • Central part of EU climate strategy to complement national programmes

    • Often EU Directive or other legal instrument, to be implemented by Member States

    • European Climate Change Programme is key


Eccp main elements

ECCP: main elements

  • Objectives

    • Identify and develop main elements of EC strategy to meet its -8% Kyoto objectivecost effectively

    • Prepare the Commission to develop legislative and other proposals

  • Major Milestones

    • launch March 2000

    • June 2001 : first progress report

    • October 2001 : Commission Communication on ECCP Action Plan

    • May 2003 : second progress report


Eu policies and measures1

EU policies and measures

  • National programmes

    • Reported to UNFCCC and European Commission

    • National responsibility

  • EU common and coordinated policies and measures

    • Central part of EU climate strategy to complement national programmes

    • Often EU Directive or other legal instrument, to be implemented by Member States

    • European Climate Change Programme is key


Eccp scope and organisation

ECCP: scope and organisation

  • ECCP Principles

  • integration

  • transparency

  • stakeholder consultation

    • group expertise

    • build consensus

Working groups

- Emissions trading

- flexible mechanisms

- Energy supply

- Energy demand

- end-use equipment

- Transport

- Industry

- fluorinated gasses

- Research

- Agriculture

- Sinks ag. soils

- Forestry sinks

WG Reports/

P&M analysed

conclusions

ECCP steering committee

  • ECCP Approach

  • reduction potential

  • cost-effective

  • cross-sectoral

  • time frame

  • ancillary effects

Commission action plan


Questions to be answered

Reduction potential of GHG under cost-effectiveness aspects for sectors in EU until 2010 (including full implementation of the ACEA Agreement)


Eccp main results

ECCP : main results

  • Total reduction potential of 40 identified measures : 578 -696 Mt CO2eq. = twice Kyoto ‘-8%’

  • EU Measures currently “in implementation”potential of 276 -316 Mt CO2eq. … but need for monitoring of effectiveness and review

  • measures in 2003 Commission work program :

    proposals on Energy Efficiency of Products, energy services, HFCs & Mobile Air condition, link ET - flexible mechanisms

  • preparations for new measures or on-going...


Measures included in commission 2002 2004 work programme

Measures included in Commission 2002-2004 Work Programme

  • EU wide emissions trading

  • Link JI/CDM to ET

  • containment / monitoring of fluorinated gases (incl. MAC)

  • revision of Monitoring Decision (implement Marrakech)

  • renewable energy sources (Electricity / Biofuels)

  • energy-efficiency standards for equipment

  • energy demand-side management

  • combined heat and power generation

  • modal shift in transport

  • Transport infrastructure use & charging

  • Energy performance buildings

  • Review voluntary agreement car industr.

  • Energy taxation


Eccp outlook and future challenges

ECCP : outlook and future challenges

  • Update and strengthening of Commission ECCP action plan

  • transport emissions rising concern

  • renewables : accelerated progress is required

  • integration CC in CAP , structural funds


Questions to be answered

For further information you may look at:www.europa.eu.int/comm/environment/climate/home_en.htmandthemes.eea.eu.int/Environmental_issues/climateTHANK YOU !


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