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History Alive! Chapter 7. Geography and Trade on the Arabian Peninsula. Vocabulary Review. Arab Arabian Peninsula Islam Muhammad Caravan. Trade and the Arabian Peninsula.

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Geography and Trade on the Arabian Peninsula

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History alive chapter 7

History Alive! Chapter 7

Geography and Trade on the Arabian Peninsula


Vocabulary review

Vocabulary Review

  • Arab

  • Arabian Peninsula

  • Islam

  • Muhammad

  • Caravan


Trade and the arabian peninsula

Trade and the Arabian Peninsula

The Arabian Peninsula was located at the very heart of trade between China, India, Persia, Europe, and Africa. As a result, Arabians became the “middlemen” of medieval trade.


Trade by land caravans

Trade by land: caravans

Arabs used camels to carry their goods across the deserts on the Arabian Peninsula.

Camels could go for days without drinking water and could survive the difficult journey.

"Isle of Graia Gulf of Akabah Arabia Petraea“ by Louis Haghe


The impact of trade on arabia

The impact of trade on Arabia

  • Knowledge

  • Ideas

  • Technology

  • Goods


Concept map entry

Concept map entry:

Impact

of trade

Add this concept to the center of your paper.


Knowledge mathematics

Knowledge: {Mathematics}

  • Algebra and Trigonometry brought from India

  • Arabic-Hindu numerals

    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

    (10 − x)2 = 81x

    x2 + 100 = 101x

Muhammad ibnMūsā al-Khwārizmī


Concept map entry1

Concept map entry:

Knowledge

Mathematics

Impact of trade


Knowledge astronomy

Knowledge: {Astronomy}

Medieval Arabs used a Ptolemic (Ptolemy was a Roman) concept of the universe to make astronomical observations. They also built several observatories to analyze and observe constellations and planetary movement. They were also influenced by India, China, and Greece.


Astronomical instruments

Astronomical instruments

Quadrant

Torquetum


Concept map entry2

Concept map entry:

Knowledge

Mathematics

Impact of trade

Astronomy


Knowledge medicine

Knowledge: {Medicine}

Arabs were especially innovative in the area of medicine.

They established many medical schools and hospitals, specialized in optics and blood circulation.

Also, they were the first to refute the European theory of humorism.

Add this to your concept map.


Technology engineering

Technology: {Engineering}

Watermills, subterranean aquaducts, bridges, dams, canals, and clocks are all unique engineering feats boasted by medieval Arabian culture.

Add this to your concept map.


Technology paper and publishing

Technology: {Paper and Publishing}

China was the first to manufacture and print on paper (as opposed to parchment).

Arabs in the medieval period learned the process from the Chinese.

This led to the development of libraries and numerous books produced in the Islamic world.

Add this to your concept map.

The Diamond Sutra


Ideas islam

Ideas: {Islam}

As a result of its central location, the religion of Islam was able to spread extensively throughout the world.

It is now one of the most predominant religions in the world.

Add this to your concept map.


Goods

Goods

  • Silks (China)

  • Jewels, cotton,

    spices, (India)

  • Ivory, gold (Africa)

  • Glass, gold (Rome)

Add this to your concept map.


The end

The End


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