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Geography and Trade on the Arabian Peninsula

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History Alive! Chapter 7. Geography and Trade on the Arabian Peninsula. Vocabulary Review. Arab Arabian Peninsula Islam Muhammad Caravan. Trade and the Arabian Peninsula.

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Presentation Transcript
vocabulary review
Vocabulary Review
  • Arab
  • Arabian Peninsula
  • Islam
  • Muhammad
  • Caravan
trade and the arabian peninsula
Trade and the Arabian Peninsula

The Arabian Peninsula was located at the very heart of trade between China, India, Persia, Europe, and Africa. As a result, Arabians became the “middlemen” of medieval trade.

trade by land caravans
Trade by land: caravans

Arabs used camels to carry their goods across the deserts on the Arabian Peninsula.

Camels could go for days without drinking water and could survive the difficult journey.

"Isle of Graia Gulf of Akabah Arabia Petraea“ by Louis Haghe

the impact of trade on arabia
The impact of trade on Arabia
  • Knowledge
  • Ideas
  • Technology
  • Goods
concept map entry
Concept map entry:

Impact

of trade

Add this concept to the center of your paper.

knowledge mathematics
Knowledge: {Mathematics}
  • Algebra and Trigonometry brought from India
  • Arabic-Hindu numerals

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

(10 − x)2 = 81x

x2 + 100 = 101x

Muhammad ibnMūsā al-Khwārizmī

concept map entry1
Concept map entry:

Knowledge

Mathematics

Impact of trade

knowledge astronomy
Knowledge: {Astronomy}

Medieval Arabs used a Ptolemic (Ptolemy was a Roman) concept of the universe to make astronomical observations. They also built several observatories to analyze and observe constellations and planetary movement. They were also influenced by India, China, and Greece.

astronomical instruments
Astronomical instruments

Quadrant

Torquetum

concept map entry2
Concept map entry:

Knowledge

Mathematics

Impact of trade

Astronomy

knowledge medicine
Knowledge: {Medicine}

Arabs were especially innovative in the area of medicine.

They established many medical schools and hospitals, specialized in optics and blood circulation.

Also, they were the first to refute the European theory of humorism.

Add this to your concept map.

technology engineering
Technology: {Engineering}

Watermills, subterranean aquaducts, bridges, dams, canals, and clocks are all unique engineering feats boasted by medieval Arabian culture.

Add this to your concept map.

technology paper and publishing
Technology: {Paper and Publishing}

China was the first to manufacture and print on paper (as opposed to parchment).

Arabs in the medieval period learned the process from the Chinese.

This led to the development of libraries and numerous books produced in the Islamic world.

Add this to your concept map.

The Diamond Sutra

ideas islam
Ideas: {Islam}

As a result of its central location, the religion of Islam was able to spread extensively throughout the world.

It is now one of the most predominant religions in the world.

Add this to your concept map.

goods
Goods
  • Silks (China)
  • Jewels, cotton,

spices, (India)

  • Ivory, gold (Africa)
  • Glass, gold (Rome)

Add this to your concept map.

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