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Review. Who is Europa? What was the success of the Minoans? According to some frescoes, what was the role of women in Minoan society? What is Homer credited with writing?. aristocracy. Frescoes. Democracy. straits. phalanx. oligarchy.

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Review
Review

  • Who is Europa?

  • What was the success of the Minoans?

  • According to some frescoes, what was the role of women in Minoan society?

  • What is Homer credited with writing?


aristocracy

Frescoes

Democracy

straits

phalanx

oligarchy



2. (a) polis - city (b) acropolis - city on a hill (c) monarchy - rule by king (d) aristocracy - land-owning elite (e) oligarchy - rule by a small aristocracy (f) phalanx – formation of heavily armed foot soldiers (g) helot – state-owned slaves (h) democracy – government by the people (i) tyrant – someone who gains power by force (j) legislature – law-making body


3. Geography influenced Greece in that mountain ranges prevented unification of city-states and made communication slower


4. a)Wealthy landowners gained power because they could afford weapons (b) the phalanx affected Greek society because it equalized status among those in the formation


5 afford weapons (b) the phalanx affected Greek society because it equalized status among those in the formation. Spartans – education focused on war and military training; Athens – education focused on music, arts, poetry, oration (public speaking)




8. Greek superiority strengthened society in war because it gave them confidence but it weakened society because it prevented them from learning from other cultures.


Minoans
Minoans gave them confidence but it weakened society because it prevented them from learning from other cultures.

  • 1750-1500 B.C.

  • Inhabited modern Crete

  • Spoke Greek

  • Were a maritime culture; like the Phoenicians

  • Influenced by Egyptian Art

  • Knossos – a palace with colorful frescoes

    • Frescoe is painting with dyed plaster

  • Decline – Volcano? Invaders?


Mycenaens
Mycenaens gave them confidence but it weakened society because it prevented them from learning from other cultures.

  • 1400 – 1200 B.C.

  • Conquered Greek mainland, then Crete

  • Created the Trojan War legend

  • Around this time Homer wrote the Iliad and Odyssey

    • Where we get a lot of information about Greek society

  • Decline – sea raiders

  • Trojans in Troy

    GREEKS


    Heinrich schliemann
    Heinrich Schliemann gave them confidence but it weakened society because it prevented them from learning from other cultures.


    Military advances
    Military Advances gave them confidence but it weakened society because it prevented them from learning from other cultures.

    • Fighting in a phalanx

    • Iron weapons

    • Other weapons


    Sparta
    Sparta gave them confidence but it weakened society because it prevented them from learning from other cultures.

    • Dorians who took over the Peloponnesus

    • Made natives their slaves, called helots

    • Military government

    • Men and women supported the lifestyle

    • Citizens were men, age 30, and native born


    Athens
    Athens gave them confidence but it weakened society because it prevented them from learning from other cultures.

    • People demand democracy – succession of weakened aristocracy

    • Solon – 594 B.C.

      -appointed archon

      -outlawed debt slavery

      -expanded Athenian assembly

    • Pisistratus – 546 B.C.

      - gave land and loans to farmers

    • Cliesthenes – 507 B.C.

      - formed 500 member council and made assembly a “legislature”


    Review gave them confidence but it weakened society because it prevented them from learning from other cultures.

    • What two cultures existed before what we think of as traditional Greek cultures of Athens and Sparta?

    • Why do the Minoans feature dolphins on their frescoes?

    • How did the location of ancient Crete affect the development of that society?

    • What political ideal do we get from Greek society?

    EQ: How was Greek democracy different from ours today?


    Constitution Day EQ gave them confidence but it weakened society because it prevented them from learning from other cultures.

    • What political ideal do we get from Greek society?

    • Who’s ideas influenced our constitution?


    Athens1
    Athens gave them confidence but it weakened society because it prevented them from learning from other cultures.

    • Boys trained for life in democracy

    • Girls – not so much

    Read page 108 - 109, Primary Source sidebar


    Answer eq
    Answer EQ gave them confidence but it weakened society because it prevented them from learning from other cultures.


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