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OBJECTIVE 5.0 and 5.3. Identify the major internal and external structures, methods of locomotion, methods of reproduction, and stages of development of animals. GENERAL INFORMATION. HETEROTROPHS THAT MOSTLY MOVE TO GET FOOD 35 MAJOR PHYLA GROUPS VERTEBRATES= HAVE A BACKBONE

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OBJECTIVE 5.0 and 5.3

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OBJECTIVE 5.0 and 5.3

Identify the major internal and external structures, methods of locomotion, methods of reproduction, and stages of development of animals.


GENERAL INFORMATION

  • HETEROTROPHS THAT MOSTLY MOVE TO GET FOOD

  • 35 MAJOR PHYLA GROUPS

  • VERTEBRATES= HAVE A BACKBONE

    - 3% OF ANIMALS

    4. INVERTABRATES= HAVE NO BACKBONE

    - 97% OF ANIMALS


5. ENDOSKELETON= SKELETON INSIDE

6. EXOSKELETON= SKELETON OUTSIDE


7. VERTEBRATES= AN ORGANISM WITH A BACKBONE

8. INVERTEBRATE= AN ORGANISM WITHOUT A BACKBONE


TYPES OF VERTEBRATES:

1. ENDOTHERM= BODY TEMPERATURE REGULATED INSIDE AUTOMATICALLY

-“WARM BLOODED”

2. ECTOTHERM= BODY TEMP. NOT REGULATED INSIDE

-“COLD BLOODED”


TYPES OF SYMMETRY:

1. SYMMETRY= BALANCED ARRANGEMENT OF PARTS

2. RADIAL= CIRCULAR, SO MANY WAYS TO DIVIDE INTO LIKE PARTS

- STARFISH, JELLIES, SEA URCHINS

-NO FRONT / BACK

-ALL LIVE IN WATER

-SLOW MOVERS / CREEPERS

-ARRANGED IN A CIRCLE AROUND A CENTER


3. BILATERAL= TWO SIDES ALIKE

-ALMOST MIRROR IMAGES

-RGT / LFT ALIKE

-LARGER MORE COMPLEX ORGANISMS

-QUICK / EFFICIENT MOVEMENT

-SENSE ORGANS IN FRONT


4. ASYMMETRY= NO BALANCED DESIGN


BREATHING METHODS:

  • LUNGS= ORGANS TO REMOVE OXYGEN FROM THE AIR

  • GILLS= ORGANS TO REMOVE OXYGEN FROM THE WATER


MOVEMENT:

  • APPENDAGES= ATTACHEMENTS TO THE BODY THAT ALLOW IT TO SENSE ENVIRONMENT.

    -MOVE THROUGH: AIR, WATER, AND ON LAND

    2. TENTACLES= ADAPTED FOOT

    -CEPHALOPODS= NAUTILUS, OCTOPUS, SQUID


3. TUBE FEET= A WAY TO MOVE AN ECHINODERM

-ECHINODERM= STARFISH

-WATER IN THE TUBE ALLOWS FOR SUCTION AND MOVEMENT


1. ALL ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION CREATES AN IDENTICLE OFFSPRING!

2. BUDDING= THE NEW ORGANISM FORMS ON THE SIDE OF THE ORIGINAL

ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION:


3. FRAGMENTATION=WHEN THE ORIGINAL BREAKS INTO PIECES AND EACH NEW PIECE GROWS INTO AN INDIVIDUAL


SEXUAL REPRODUCTION:

1. INTERNAL FERTILIZATION= SPERM IS PLACED IN THE FEMALE TO COVER THE EGGS IN HER BODY.

2. EXTERNAL FERTILIZATION= EGGS ARE RELEASED OUTSIDE THE BODY. SPERM IS THEN RELEASED OVER THE EGGS


DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES:

1. METAMORPHOSIS= A CHANGE IN FORM FROM LARVAL STAGE TO ADULT

A. INCOMPLETE= EGG, NYMPH, AND ADULT

-NYMPH= STAGE WHERE THE YOUNG LOOK LIKE A SMALL VERSION OF THE ADULT

-GRASSHOPPER, LICE, CRICKET


B. COMPLETE= EGG, LARVA, PUPA, ADULT

- LARVA= IMMATURE FORM THAT LOOKS VERY DIFFERENT FROM THE ADULT FORM

-PUPA= WHERE THE LARVA CHANGES INTO THE ADULT

-BUTTERFLY, BEETLE, BEES


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