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Intermediate 1 Unit 1 b Revision Chemical Reactions

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Intermediate 1 Unit 1 b Revision Chemical Reactions. Change In Appearance. Sodium iodide solution and lead nitrate solution are both colourless. When they are mixed together they react and a yellow solid, lead iodide, is formed.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Intermediate 1

Unit 1 b Revision

Chemical Reactions

slide2

Change In Appearance

Sodium iodide solution and lead nitrate solution are both colourless.

When they are mixed together they react and a yellow solid, lead iodide, is formed.

We know a reaction has occurred because there is a change in appearance.

slide3

Energy Change

When magnesium is placed in a bunsen flame it catches fire and burns very brightly.

We know a reaction has occurred because there is an energy change, here heat and light are given out.

We also see a change in appearance of the magnesium, it turns from a grey metal to a white powder, magnesium oxide.

slide4

It’s A Gas

When Alka Seltzer is added to water it reacts and gives off a gas.

We know a reaction has occurred because there is a gas given off.

slide5

Chemical Reactions

There are three ways to tell when a reaction has taken place

there is a change in appearance

there is an energy change

a gas is given off.

When a chemical reaction takes place at least one new compound is formed.

slide6

Reaction Or No Reaction

Try to predict what will fill the blank before you reveal it.

slide7

Speed Of Reactions

Different reactions proceed at different rates (speed).

slide8

Changing Reaction Rate

The rate (speed) of a reaction can be changed if we

a) change the particle size of the reactants

or

b) change the temperature

or

c) change the concentration of the reactants.

slide9

Changing Particle Size

Smaller particles react faster than larger particles.

Wood shavings burn faster than wooden branches.

Mince cooks quicker than casserole steak.

slide10

Changing Temperature

The higher the temperature the faster the reaction.

The exhaust system of a car rust quicker than the body because the exhaust gases are very hot.

The low temperature in a fridge slows down the reaction that turns milk sour.

slide11

Changing Concentration

The higher the concentration the fastert the reaction.

Concentrated bleach kills germs faster than dilute bleach.

slide12

Catalysts

A catalyst speeds up a reaction but does not react itself. The catalyst can be used again and again and again, etc.

All cars have a catalytic converter in their exhaust system.

The catalyst in the converter turns harmful gases into harmless ones.

The catalytic converter works whenever the engine is running.

slide13

Enzymes

Enzymes are biological catalysts that speed up reactions in living things.

slide14

Writing Word Equations

When calcium is placed in water it reacts to form calcium hydroxide, hydrogen gas is also given off.

slide15

Writing Word Equations

When calcium is placed in water it reacts to form calcium hydroxide, hydrogen gas is also given off.

calcium

slide16

Writing Word Equations

When calcium is placed in water it reacts to form calcium hydroxide, hydrogen gas is also given off.

calcium

+ water

slide17

Writing Word Equations

When calcium is placed in water it reacts to form calciumhydroxide, hydrogen gas is also given off.

calcium

+ water

________>

calcium hydroxide

slide18

Writing Word Equations

When calcium is placed in water it reacts to form calcium hydroxide, hydrogen gas is also given off.

calcium

+ water

________>

calcium hydroxide

+ hydrogen

slide19

Writing Word Equations

When magnesium burns in oxygen a white powder called magnesium oxide is formed.

magnesium

slide20

Writing Word Equations

When magnesium burns in oxygen a white powder called magnesium oxide is formed.

magnesium

+ oxygen

slide21

Writing Word Equations

When magnesium burns in oxygen a white powder called magnesium oxide is formed.

magnesium

+ oxygen

________>

magnesium oxide

slide22

Writing Word Equations

When magnesium burns in oxygen a white powder called magnesium oxide is formed.

magnesium

+ oxygen

________>

magnesium oxide

If we heat green copper carbonate it produces black copper oxide and carbon dioxide gas.

slide23

Writing Word Equations

When magnesium burns in oxygen a white powder called magnesium oxide is formed.

magnesium

+ oxygen

________>

magnesium oxide

If we heat green copper carbonate it produces black copper oxide and carbon dioxide gas.

copper carbonate

slide24

Writing Word Equations

When magnesium burns in oxygen a white powder called magnesium oxide is formed.

magnesium

+ oxygen

________>

magnesium oxide

If we heat green copper carbonate it produces black copper oxide and carbon dioxide gas.

copper carbonate

________>

copper oxide

slide25

Writing Word Equations

When magnesium burns in oxygen a white powder called magnesium oxide is formed.

magnesium

+ oxygen

________>

magnesium oxide

If we heat green copper carbonate it produces black copper oxide and carbon dioxide gas.

copper carbonate

________>

copper oxide

+ carbon dioxide

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