Welcome. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute May 1, 2012 U.S. History Mr. Green. Agenda/Topics To Be Covered. The students will explain how civil rights activism forced President Kennedy to act against segregation by describing the passage of a voting rights act Hand In: Chapter 21 Vocabulary
Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
May 1, 2012
The students will explain how civil rights activism forced President Kennedy to act against segregation by describing the passage of a voting rights act
Hand In: Chapter 21Vocabulary
Drill: Read the Personal Voice on page 706 and answer the following questions:
1. Why was King impatient to achieve integration?
2. Why did his son’s question make King even more impatient for change?
Motivation: What does it mean to take a stand?
Riding for Freedom
Anniston, AL bus attack that ended in a fire bomb exploding the bus-May 4, 1961
SNCC volunteers continued the bus rides, even though they were attacked-RFK called to have the bus driver take the volunteers to Montgomery on May 20
Arrival of Federal Marshalls
Riders were to be protected by police, but they never showed up
JFK sent 400 U.S. Marshalls
ICC banned segregation in all interstate travel facilities
Integrating Ole Miss
James Meredith, Air Force Veteran
JFK sent Federal Marshals to have Meredith register
Heading into Birmingham
Fred Shuttlesworth invited MLK to Birmingham
Why Birmingham? Read page 706
April 12, 1963 MLK arrested marching in the street
May 3, 1963 more marchers
Bull Connor used fire hoses and attack dogs
Birmingham officials gave in and ended segregation in the city
JFK called for a Civil Rights bill on June 11, 1963
MLK and the march on Washington
August 28, 1963
September 1963-16th street Baptist Church bombings killed 4 young African-American girls
July 2, 1964-Civil Rights Act of 1964
Freedom Summer of 1964
recruited white college students to help register African-Americans in the South
Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman, and James Chaney
A New Political Party
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
Wanted a seat at the 1964 Democratic convention
Selma, AL-get African-Americans to register to vote-more than ½ the population but only 3% registered to vote
Selma March, March 1965 with tear gas and whips and clubs used by police
seen on national TV
Eliminated literacy tests
Federal examiners could enroll voters
banned poll taxes
1. What did the Civil Rights Act of 1875 do?
2. How did the court rule in Plessy v. Ferguson?
3. In what three ways did WWII help set the stage for the modern civil rights movement?
4. Who argued Brown’s case?
5. What did the Brown decision declare?
6. Why did the Court rule as it did in Brown?
7. What organization was formed to support Rosa Parks?
8. What did it do?
9. How did Ike respond to the Little Rock crisis?
10. Who was the president of SCLC?
11. What was SCLC’s purpose?
12. What did SNCC accomplish, and how?
Summarize the events that led to the 1950’s Civil Rights actions in the South.
1. Read Chapter 19 Section 2