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Warm-Up. Would you describe the attitude of the US at isolationist or interventionist from 1935-1941? Describe 2 points that helped you make your conclusion. WWII. Pearl Harbor, US Enters WW2. Japanese Militarism. Militarism leads to imperialism 1940 FDR places embargo on resources

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Warm up
Warm-Up

  • Would you describe the attitude of the US at isolationist or interventionist from 1935-1941? Describe 2 points that helped you make your conclusion.


WWII

Pearl Harbor, US Enters WW2


Japanese militarism
Japanese Militarism

  • Militarism leads to imperialism

  • 1940 FDR places embargo on resources

    • Coal, oil, iron, rubber

  • 1941 Tojo became PM of Japan

  • Peace in Pacific coming to an end


Pearl harbor
Pearl Harbor

  • Japan’s fleet

    • 6 aircraft carriers

    • 360 airplanes

    • Battleships, cruisers, destroyers and submarines

  • Goal

    • Destroy US naval and air ability in Pacific

    • Allow Japan to expand in Pacific


Pearl harbor1
Pearl Harbor

  • Attack morning of Dec. 7, 1941

  • Results

    • 8 battleships damaged- “battleship row”

    • 6 cruiser and destroyers destroyed

    • 288 airplanes damaged/destroyed

    • 2,500 dead

  • Aircraft carriers, subs untouched

  • Fuel and supply stores untouched


Us declares war
US Declares War

  • Dec. 8, 1941

  • Allied Powers: USA, GB and USSR

  • Doolittle Raid – Bomb Tokyo (1942)

    Pearl Harbor Questions

  • What did the Japanese military leaders hope to achieve by attacking Pearl Harbor? Were they successful? (3 sentences)

  • Do you believe the US would have entered WW2 eventually IF the Pearl Harbor attack never happened? Explain. (5 sentences)


Mobilizing for war
Mobilizing for War

  • Military 1941-1942

  • Army: 1.2 to 4 M

  • Navy: 300K to 600K

  • Marines: 54K to 150K

  • Over 16 M Americans served in WW2


Minorities and women
Minorities and Women

  • All ethnicities/races enlist to fight

    • Mexican & Native Am. integrated units

    • Af. Am. segregated units, support jobs

  • Women’s Army Corps (WAC)

    • 1943

    • Clerical workers, truck drivers, lab techs

  • Women Nursing

    • At home and in combat


Mobilizing industry
Mobilizing Industry

  • US #1 industrial country – will win the war

  • War Prod. Board (WPB)

    • Regulated resources & production

  • Office of War Mobilization (OWM)

    • Supervised all war production

  • Defense spending ends Great Depression


War production
War Production

  • US companies focus on war production

  • 1944, US out produces all Axis Powers together.

  • Ford Motors – 8,000 B-24 bombers

  • Kaiser Shipping – Builds “Liberty Ships” in 4 days


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