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Warm-Up. Would you describe the attitude of the US at isolationist or interventionist from 1935-1941? Describe 2 points that helped you make your conclusion. WWII. Pearl Harbor, US Enters WW2. Japanese Militarism. Militarism leads to imperialism 1940 FDR places embargo on resources

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warm up
Warm-Up
  • Would you describe the attitude of the US at isolationist or interventionist from 1935-1941? Describe 2 points that helped you make your conclusion.
slide2

WWII

Pearl Harbor, US Enters WW2

japanese militarism
Japanese Militarism
  • Militarism leads to imperialism
  • 1940 FDR places embargo on resources
    • Coal, oil, iron, rubber
  • 1941 Tojo became PM of Japan
  • Peace in Pacific coming to an end
pearl harbor
Pearl Harbor
  • Japan’s fleet
    • 6 aircraft carriers
    • 360 airplanes
    • Battleships, cruisers, destroyers and submarines
  • Goal
    • Destroy US naval and air ability in Pacific
    • Allow Japan to expand in Pacific
pearl harbor1
Pearl Harbor
  • Attack morning of Dec. 7, 1941
  • Results
    • 8 battleships damaged- “battleship row”
    • 6 cruiser and destroyers destroyed
    • 288 airplanes damaged/destroyed
    • 2,500 dead
  • Aircraft carriers, subs untouched
  • Fuel and supply stores untouched
us declares war
US Declares War
  • Dec. 8, 1941
  • Allied Powers: USA, GB and USSR
  • Doolittle Raid – Bomb Tokyo (1942)

Pearl Harbor Questions

  • What did the Japanese military leaders hope to achieve by attacking Pearl Harbor? Were they successful? (3 sentences)
  • Do you believe the US would have entered WW2 eventually IF the Pearl Harbor attack never happened? Explain. (5 sentences)
mobilizing for war
Mobilizing for War
  • Military 1941-1942
  • Army: 1.2 to 4 M
  • Navy: 300K to 600K
  • Marines: 54K to 150K
  • Over 16 M Americans served in WW2
minorities and women
Minorities and Women
  • All ethnicities/races enlist to fight
    • Mexican & Native Am. integrated units
    • Af. Am. segregated units, support jobs
  • Women’s Army Corps (WAC)
    • 1943
    • Clerical workers, truck drivers, lab techs
  • Women Nursing
    • At home and in combat
mobilizing industry
Mobilizing Industry
  • US #1 industrial country – will win the war
  • War Prod. Board (WPB)
    • Regulated resources & production
  • Office of War Mobilization (OWM)
    • Supervised all war production
  • Defense spending ends Great Depression
war production
War Production
  • US companies focus on war production
  • 1944, US out produces all Axis Powers together.
  • Ford Motors – 8,000 B-24 bombers
  • Kaiser Shipping – Builds “Liberty Ships” in 4 days
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