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Supply Chain Management. Rule Of Conduct. Min 80% Present in Class Don’t Use Sandal, Kaos Oblong and Hand Phone During the Lecture Having Good Attitude Complete all assignment On time. Tantangan Yang Dihadapi. Perubahan kondisi Pasar : Seller’s Market  Buyer’s Market.

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supply chain management

Supply Chain Management

Andary A Munita Hanafiah

rule of conduct
Rule Of Conduct
  • Min 80% Present in Class
  • Don’t Use Sandal, Kaos Oblong and Hand Phone During the Lecture
  • Having Good Attitude
  • Complete all assignment On time
tantangan yang dihadapi
Tantangan Yang Dihadapi
  • PerubahankondisiPasar : Seller’s Market  Buyer’s Market.
  • KebutuhanKonsumen :
      • Keragamandariproduk
      • Ketersediaanproduk
      • Harga yang bersaing
      • Layanan yang ditawarkan
      • PrilakubeliKonsumen
  • Kompetisi Global
kebutuhan manufaktur
KebutuhanManufaktur

Foreign

Lower Cost

Competitive Price

Local

Customer Satisfaction

definitions and terminology
Definitions and Terminology

Supply Chain

Supply Chain Management

Distribution Channel

Demand management

Logistics management

supply chain
Supply Chain

Sekelompokpendekatan yang berdayagunauntukmemadukanparapemasok, manufaktur, channel distribusi, sehinggaprodukdapatdiproduksidandidistribusidalamjumlah, lokasi, danpadawaktu yang tepatuntukmeminimasibiayasystemwidesementaramemenuhisystem level requirement. [David Simchi Levi ]

aliran dalam rantai pasokan
AlirandalamRantaiPasokan
  • Supplier
  • Manufacture
  • Distributor
  • Customer

Financial (Invoice, TOP), Material/Products, Information (Capacity, Delivery)

Payment, Retur, Information (Order, Forcast)

konsep rantai pasokan
KonsepRantaiPasokan

Dalamkonsep SC inijugatermasukdidalamnyaPerencanaan & Pengaturan:

  • New product development
  • Marketing
  • Operations
  • Distribution
  • Finance
  • Customer service
manfaat scm
Manfaat SCM :

Mengurangiinventory barang

Menjaminkelancaranpenyediaanbarang

Menjaminmutu

Mengembangkansupplier partnership 

performance of a supply chain
Performance of a Supply Chain

Managing the supply chain effectively can improve customer service levels dramatically, reduce excess inventory in the system, and cut excess costs from the logistic network

Cost of the products delivered to markets

Level of service provided to customers

fase pengambilan keputusan dalam sc
FasePengambilanKeputusanDalam SC
  • MerancangStrategi
      • MenentukanStruktur & Proses padatiaptahapandalam SC
      • MentukanKeputusan Strategic dalam SC :
        • Lokasi & KapasitasFasilitas
        • Produk
        • ModaTransportasi
        • SistemInformasi
  • Perencanaan
    • Lokasi Target Pemasaran
    • Level Inventory
    • Promosi & Pemasaran
  • Operational
      • Horizon Perencanaanlebihpendek (Alokasipesanan, due date, Jadwalpenghantaran)
      • Tingkat ketidakpastian yang lebihrendah
slide13

KerangkaPengambilanKeputusan

Corporate Strategy

Competitive Strategy

Supply Chain Strategy

Supply Chain Structure

Inventory

Transport

W’housing

Information

the supply chain

VISA

®

Credit Flow

Material Flow

Supplier

Manufacturing

Retailer

Consumer

Supplier

Wholesaler

Retailer

Order

Cash

Schedules

Flow

Flow

The Supply Chain
inventory
Inventory
    • Sumberdayamenganggur (Idle) yang menunggu proses lebihlanjut
    • JenisInventori :
  • BahanMentah (RAW MATERIAL)
  • BarangSetengahJadi (WIP)
  • BarangJadi (Finished Goods)
  • Fungsi :
      • Menjaminkelancaran proses pemenuhanpermintaansesuaidengankebutuhanpemakai
      • Meredamfluktuasipermintaan agar tidakterjadikekurangan
      • Motif spekulasi
siklus pengadaan barang

RENCANA KEBUTUHAN

( RK )

PROGRAM PENGADAAN

1

PEMASOK

PENYIMPANAN

2

3

PEMAKAIAN

SiklusPengadaanBarang
integrasi rantai supply vs inventory

Stage 1: baseline

Purchasing

Material

Control

Production

Sales

Distribution

Stage 2: functional integration

Manufacturing

Management

Materials

Management

Distribution

Stage 3: internal integration (logistics)

Manufacturing

Management

Materials

Management

Distribution

Stage 4: external integration(supply chain)

Internal supply

chain

Suppliers

Customers

IntegrasiRantai Supply Vs Inventory
why supply chain management
Why Supply Chain Management?

1950-1980s Manufacturing

• 1950, U.S. is the only country that can manufacture cars.

● You buy a car from GM, all the money will go to the GM.

1980-2000s Supply Chain Management

• Today, foreign parts and labors are much cheaper than that in US.

● You buy a car from GM, only a portion of money will go to the GM.

transportasi
Transportasi
  • Fungsi :
    • PerpindahanBarang
    • PenyimpananBarang
  • Prinsip :
    • SkalaEkomonis : Biaya per satuan unit vsJumlahpengiriman
    • JarakEkonomis : Biaya per satuan unit vsJarakpengiriman
    • PengaturandalamTransportasi :
      • Transport Planning
      • Vehicle Routing and Scheduling
      • Delivery Execution and Shipment Tracking
slide21

Distribution Channel For Consumer Good

Manufacture

Consumer

Retailer

Consumer

Manufacture

Manufacture

Wholesaler

Retailer

Consumer

Jobber

Manufacture

Wholesaler

Retailer

Consumer

transportation logistic
Transportation & Logistic
  • Physical movement of goods and services
  • Companies need to adopt a strategic transportation sourcing (STS) approach
  • Strategic sourcing considers costs within the total manufacturing and distribution supply and demand environment
  • Companies sometimes outsource the transportation activities
distribution
Distribution
  • Pengaturandalamsalurandistribusi :
      • Specialization
      • Assortment
information technology for supply chain management
Information Technology for Supply Chain Management
  • Software Systems
    • Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
    • Material Requirements Planning (MRP)
    • Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II)
    • Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
    • Supply Chain Management Systems (SCM)
    • Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
    • Internet-based Software
  • Network Infrastructure
    • Wide Area Network
    • Internet (for E-commerce: B2B, B2C)

Andary A Munita Hanafiah

global supply chain issue
Global Supply Chain Issue

Supply chains in a global environment must be:

  • Flexible enough to react to sudden changes in parts availability, distribution, or shipping channels, import duties, and currency rates
  • Able to use the latest computer and transmission technologies to manage the shipment of parts in and finished products out
  • Staffed with local specialists to handle duties, trade, freight, customs and political issues
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