Supply chain management
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Supply Chain Management. Rule Of Conduct. Min 80% Present in Class Don’t Use Sandal, Kaos Oblong and Hand Phone During the Lecture Having Good Attitude Complete all assignment On time. Tantangan Yang Dihadapi. Perubahan kondisi Pasar : Seller’s Market  Buyer’s Market.

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Supply Chain Management

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Supply Chain Management

Andary A Munita Hanafiah


Rule Of Conduct

  • Min 80% Present in Class

  • Don’t Use Sandal, Kaos Oblong and Hand Phone During the Lecture

  • Having Good Attitude

  • Complete all assignment On time


Tantangan Yang Dihadapi

  • PerubahankondisiPasar : Seller’s Market  Buyer’s Market.

  • KebutuhanKonsumen :

    • Keragamandariproduk

    • Ketersediaanproduk

    • Harga yang bersaing

    • Layanan yang ditawarkan

    • PrilakubeliKonsumen

  • Kompetisi Global


  • KebutuhanManufaktur

    Foreign

    Lower Cost

    Competitive Price

    Local

    Customer Satisfaction


    RantaiPasokan


    Definitions and Terminology

    Supply Chain

    Supply Chain Management

    Distribution Channel

    Demand management

    Logistics management


    Supply Chain

    Sekelompokpendekatan yang berdayagunauntukmemadukanparapemasok, manufaktur, channel distribusi, sehinggaprodukdapatdiproduksidandidistribusidalamjumlah, lokasi, danpadawaktu yang tepatuntukmeminimasibiayasystemwidesementaramemenuhisystem level requirement. [David Simchi Levi ]


    AlirandalamRantaiPasokan

    • Supplier

    • Manufacture

    • Distributor

    • Customer

    Financial (Invoice, TOP), Material/Products, Information (Capacity, Delivery)

    Payment, Retur, Information (Order, Forcast)


    KonsepRantaiPasokan

    Dalamkonsep SC inijugatermasukdidalamnyaPerencanaan & Pengaturan:

    • New product development

    • Marketing

    • Operations

    • Distribution

    • Finance

    • Customer service


    Manfaat SCM :

    Mengurangiinventory barang

    Menjaminkelancaranpenyediaanbarang

    Menjaminmutu

    Mengembangkansupplier partnership 


    Performance of a Supply Chain

    Managing the supply chain effectively can improve customer service levels dramatically, reduce excess inventory in the system, and cut excess costs from the logistic network

    Cost of the products delivered to markets

    Level of service provided to customers


    FasePengambilanKeputusanDalam SC

    • MerancangStrategi

      • MenentukanStruktur & Proses padatiaptahapandalam SC

      • MentukanKeputusan Strategic dalam SC :

        • Lokasi & KapasitasFasilitas

        • Produk

        • ModaTransportasi

        • SistemInformasi

  • Perencanaan

    • Lokasi Target Pemasaran

    • Level Inventory

    • Promosi & Pemasaran

  • Operational

    • Horizon Perencanaanlebihpendek (Alokasipesanan, due date, Jadwalpenghantaran)

    • Tingkat ketidakpastian yang lebihrendah


  • KerangkaPengambilanKeputusan

    Corporate Strategy

    Competitive Strategy

    Supply Chain Strategy

    Supply Chain Structure

    Inventory

    Transport

    W’housing

    Information


    Area Cakupan SCM


    VISA

    ®

    Credit Flow

    Material Flow

    Supplier

    Manufacturing

    Retailer

    Consumer

    Supplier

    Wholesaler

    Retailer

    Order

    Cash

    Schedules

    Flow

    Flow

    The Supply Chain


    Inventory

    • Sumberdayamenganggur (Idle) yang menunggu proses lebihlanjut

    • JenisInventori :

  • BahanMentah (RAW MATERIAL)

  • BarangSetengahJadi (WIP)

  • BarangJadi (Finished Goods)

  • Fungsi :

    • Menjaminkelancaran proses pemenuhanpermintaansesuaidengankebutuhanpemakai

    • Meredamfluktuasipermintaan agar tidakterjadikekurangan

    • Motif spekulasi


  • RENCANA KEBUTUHAN

    ( RK )

    PROGRAM PENGADAAN

    1

    PEMASOK

    PENYIMPANAN

    2

    3

    PEMAKAIAN

    SiklusPengadaanBarang


    Stage 1: baseline

    Purchasing

    Material

    Control

    Production

    Sales

    Distribution

    Stage 2: functional integration

    Manufacturing

    Management

    Materials

    Management

    Distribution

    Stage 3: internal integration (logistics)

    Manufacturing

    Management

    Materials

    Management

    Distribution

    Stage 4: external integration(supply chain)

    Internal supply

    chain

    Suppliers

    Customers

    IntegrasiRantai Supply Vs Inventory


    Why Supply Chain Management?

    1950-1980s Manufacturing

    • 1950, U.S. is the only country that can manufacture cars.

    ● You buy a car from GM, all the money will go to the GM.

    1980-2000s Supply Chain Management

    • Today, foreign parts and labors are much cheaper than that in US.

    ● You buy a car from GM, only a portion of money will go to the GM.


    Transportasi

    • Fungsi :

      • PerpindahanBarang

      • PenyimpananBarang

    • Prinsip :

      • SkalaEkomonis : Biaya per satuan unit vsJumlahpengiriman

      • JarakEkonomis : Biaya per satuan unit vsJarakpengiriman

      • PengaturandalamTransportasi :

        • Transport Planning

        • Vehicle Routing and Scheduling

        • Delivery Execution and Shipment Tracking


    Distribution Channel For Consumer Good

    Manufacture

    Consumer

    Retailer

    Consumer

    Manufacture

    Manufacture

    Wholesaler

    Retailer

    Consumer

    Jobber

    Manufacture

    Wholesaler

    Retailer

    Consumer


    Transportation & Logistic

    • Physical movement of goods and services

    • Companies need to adopt a strategic transportation sourcing (STS) approach

    • Strategic sourcing considers costs within the total manufacturing and distribution supply and demand environment

    • Companies sometimes outsource the transportation activities


    Distribution

    • Pengaturandalamsalurandistribusi :

      • Specialization

      • Assortment


    Information Technology for Supply Chain Management

    • Software Systems

      • Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)

      • Material Requirements Planning (MRP)

      • Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II)

      • Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

      • Supply Chain Management Systems (SCM)

      • Customer Relationship Management (CRM)

      • Internet-based Software

    • Network Infrastructure

      • Wide Area Network

      • Internet (for E-commerce: B2B, B2C)

    Andary A Munita Hanafiah


    Global Supply Chain Issue

    Supply chains in a global environment must be:

    • Flexible enough to react to sudden changes in parts availability, distribution, or shipping channels, import duties, and currency rates

    • Able to use the latest computer and transmission technologies to manage the shipment of parts in and finished products out

    • Staffed with local specialists to handle duties, trade, freight, customs and political issues


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