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Vietnam Warriors. Circle statistics on the handout that help to prove / disprove these common beliefs: Note any striking statistics!. How did the Home Front React?. Anti-War Movement. No one united movement Represented all aspects of American life Methods marches and demonstrations

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Vietnam warriors
Vietnam Warriors

  • Circle statistics on the handout that help to prove / disprove these common beliefs:

  • Note any striking statistics!


Anti war movement

How did the Home Front React?

Anti-War Movement

  • No one united movement

  • Represented all aspects of American life

  • Methods

    • marches and demonstrations

      • college sit-ins, teach-ins, blockades

    • draft resistance…


American reaction
American Reaction

  • Music

    • Woodstock 1969

      • Grateful Dead / CCR

      • Hendrix / The Who

  • Counterculture

    • Hippies / Youth International Party

      Yippies

  • “The New Left”

    • SDS and Free speech movement

    • Social activism / social justice


  • Home front issues
    Home Front Issues

    • Tinker v. Des Moines

    • 26th Amendment

    • Explain the effects of the Vietnam war on the home front? Give and explain at least one social, one economic and one political effect.


    1968…

    • a BAD year for the US…

    • Events in Vietnam make things more difficult


    Tet offensive 1968
    Tet Offensive 1968

    • Attacks on US and South Vietnam during Tet (new year)

    • Major turning point in war

      • Launched by communists

      • Military defeat for Vietcong

      • Psychological defeat for US




    Home front
    Home Front Vietnam?

    • Continued Protests

      • “hey, hey, LBJ, how many babies did you kill today?”

      • Muhammad Ali “I ain’t got no quarrel with the Vietcong…no Vietcong ever called me a n***er” 1966

    • Credibility Gap widening

    • Unpopular war = LBJ done




    Nixon s plan
    Nixon’s Plan Vietnam?

    • Knew war was unwinnable / could not just leave

    • Vietnamization- give the land back to the SVA

    • Meanwhile Nixon expands war

      • *** Secret U.S. bombing / invasion of Cambodia / Laos to destroy “safe havens”

    • Peace talks – inconsistent and broken

    "We take these actions, not for the purpose of expanding the war into Cambodia, but for the purpose of ending the war in Vietnam, and winning the just peace we all desire." - Nixon


    My lai massacre 1968
    My Lai Massacre 1968 Vietnam?

    • Over 300 massacred

    • Scandal, cover-up and…Court Martial

    • Expanded anti war movement

    William Calley

    “Just outside the village there was a big pile of bodies [of Vietnamese dead]. This really tiny kid - he had only a shirt on, nothing else – he came over to the pile and held the hand of one of the dead. One of the GI’s behind me dropped into a kneeling position thirty meters from this kid and killed him with a single shot.”


    Kent state
    Kent State Vietnam?

    • Peaceful protests turn into days of rioting / burning ROTC buildings

      • National Guard on Campus

      • 4 dead, 9 injured, Sparked other protests

    1970


    Political issues
    Political Issues Vietnam?

    • Pentagon Papers

      • revealed war policies…

    • Congress examines war policy

      • 1971 – No US troops outside of Vietnam

      • War Powers Resolution

        • Limits on presidential power


    Paris peace accords
    Paris Peace Accords Vietnam?

    • Back and forth attacks and many attempted peace talks

    • January 1973 = peace!

      • “cease fire” 17th parallel

      • US troops home by March

        • PTSD

        • Felt unwelcome


    The official fall
    The Official Fall: Vietnam?

    • March 1975 - all out offensive by Vietcong

      • Thieu – begged for US help, Ford said no

    • Saigon falls unopposed April 1975

      • Officially reunified with the North 1976

        • communist Socialist Republic of Vietnam

    http://www.usatoday.com/news/graphics/fallsaigon30/flash.htm


    Immediate impact on the region
    Immediate Impact on the Region Vietnam?

    • Vietnam: reeducation camps / collective farms

      • Huge numbers of refugees “boat people”

      • 3 M Vietnamese Dead (½ of these civilians)

      • Destruction of Vietnam

    • Cambodia: Communist under Khmer Rouge from 1975 to 1979

      • “1.7 million people were killed outright or died as a result of torture, disease, overwork and starvation.”

      • Genocide?

    • Laos: fell to communism, refugees


    Standard 5
    Standard # 5 Vietnam?

    • Explain the long – term legacies of the Vietnam War for the US.


    Impact on the us
    Impact on the US Vietnam?

    • US - 2.6 Million American served

      • POWs / MIA (still some)

      • 58,000 killed

      • 300,000 wounded


    Lessons of vietnam
    Lessons of Vietnam Vietnam?

    • Distrust of Government

      • Credibility gap

    • Vietnam syndrome

    • McNamara

      • Can’t under estimate power of nationalism

      • Have to include Congress and American public

      • Avoid long, unwinnable conflicts

    • Westmoreland

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HODxnUrFX6k


    Foreign policy post vietnam
    Foreign Policy Post - Vietnam Vietnam?

    • Nixon changes American foreign policy – Détente

      • Def. A lessening of tensions / avoid confrontations


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