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Biblical Church History . Following the Hand of God and the Hand of Satan . THE 7 PERIODS OF CHURCH HISTORY . T h y a t I r a . P H I L A D E L P H I a. Revelation 3:7-13 c.1500-1900 A.D. “Brotherly Love” . P H I L A D E L P H I a.

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biblical church history
Biblical Church History

Following the Hand of God and the Hand of Satan

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Revelation 3:7-13

c.1500-1900 A.D.

“Brotherly Love”

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  • Basic Understanding of the Philadelphian Church Period:
    • It is really nothing more than the King James Bible getting into the hands of the Bible believers, and them taking it to the ends of the world.
    • Whereas the domination of the RCC during the Thyatira and Sardis Church periods threw the world into utter darkness, with the entrance of the King James Bible into the world, it threw the world into blazing light!
the r e f o r m e r s
THEREFORMERS

THE CONTINUED PERSECUTION OF BIBLE BELIEVERS BY THE REFORMERS

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Philadelphia

A. The Purifying of the English Bible

“Brotherly love”

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(Psa 12:6-7) The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times. Thou shalt keep them, O LORD, thou shalt preserve them from this generation for ever.

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1ST ENGLISH BIBLE

The Wycliffe Bible

John Wycliffe

“The morning Star of the reformation”

1382

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2nd ENGLISH BIBLE

The Tyndale Bible

William Tyndale

1525

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3rd ENGLISH BIBLE

The Coverdale Bible

Myles Coverdale

1535

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4th ENGLISH BIBLE

The Matthew Bible

John Rogers

1537

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5th ENGLISH BIBLE

The Great Bible

Myles Coverdale

1539

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  • Note:
  • Within a short three year period after Tyndale’s prayer, some amazing changes had taken place! The Bible had gone from being…
    • Forbidden (Tyndale’s Bible)
    • Tolerated (Coverdale’s Bible)
    • Licensed (Matthew’s Bible)
    • Commanded by the King to be read (Great Bible)
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6th ENGLISH BIBLE

The Geneva Bible

William Whittingham

1557-60

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  • In 1553, Henry VIII and Catherine’s daughter Mary came to the throne. She became known as “Bloody Mary”
  • She was a strong Catholic, and started the fires of martyrdom in England once again.
  • Geneva, Switzerland became a place where many sought refuge.
  • It was here, that John Calvin’s brother in law, William Whittingham translated the Geneva Bible.
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7th ENGLISH BIBLE

The Bishops’ Bible

9 Bishops

1568

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8th ENGLISH BIBLE

The Authorized Bible

King James

1611

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(Psa 12:6-7) The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times. Thou shalt keep them, O LORD, thou shalt preserve them from this generation for ever.

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  • In 1588There are only two basic Seafaring Nations (England and Spain)
  • England at the time has not really built up a solid navy
  • Spain is the leading Navy of its day
  • We know and Satan knew that if the Bible is going to reach the world it is going to be by water.
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  • During this time in England, the Catholic Church has lost its power especially now the Queen Mary (Bloody Mary) was beheaded
  • Queen Elizabeth is now on the throne and is a Bible believer and pro reformation
  • Pope Sixtus V was tired of what was going on in England and was determined to get England back under Rome’s control.
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  • He calls on King Phillip of Spain, to over throw there Navy and he tells him that this is “God’s Will”.
  • May of 1588 Spain sets sail with 27,050 men and 130 ships
  • When it was over they had lost 79 ships and 17,000 men
  • England lost 60 men and no ships
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  • Oct 26 1605 Robert Catesby masterminded the a plot to kill King James and establish a more Catholic friendly government.
  • Known as the “Gun Powder” Plot of 1605
  • Controversy between the Catholic citizens of England and King James.
  • In 1604, a peace treaty between England and Spain ended the hopes of foreign intervention on behalf of other Catholics.
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  • Parliament House. The cellar was filled with barrels of gunpowder and iron bars, all of which was concealed by lumber
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  • The Douay-Rheims Bible was the first Roman Catholic translation of the Bible in English.
  • In 1568, an English college was established by William Allen (1532-1594) at Douay. The college moved for a time to Rheims in 1578 under Richard Bristow (1538-1581). It was here that the translating of the Bible into English from the Latin Vulgate was finished in 1610.
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  • Queen Elizabeth died in 1603 with no natural heir. (Never Married)
  • Her nephew James I, who was at that time James VI of Scotland, became the king of England.
  • One of the first things done by the new king was the calling of the Hampton Court Conference in January 14- 18 of 1604
  • This was prompted by the complaints of the Puritans about the Church of England
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  • Their list of Complaints was signed by 1000 ministers (and became know as the MillenaryPetition)
  • At the Conference were assembled 9 bishops, 9 clergyman, and 4 professors, from Oxford and Cambridge, along with 4 Puritan ministers, to consider the complaints of the Puritans.
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  • Although Bible revision was not on the agenda, the Puritan president of Corpus Christi College, John Reynolds, "moved his Majesty, that there might be a new translation of the Bible, because those which were allowed in the reigns of Henry the eighth, and Edward the sixth, were corrupt and not answerable to the truth of the Original."
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  • James recognized that the England needed to a translation that would unify the country behind a single English Bible.
    • The Great Bible was too cumbersome
    • The Geneva Bible was too controversial
    • The Bishop’s Bible was too careless
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  • In July of 1604 the king place official Authorization "That a translation be made of the whole Bible, as consonant as can be to the original Hebrew and Greek; and this to be set out and printed, without any marginal notes, and only to be used in all churches of England in time of divine service."
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  • In July of 1604, James wrote to Bishop Bancroft that he had "appointed certain learned men, to the number of four and fifty, for the translating of the Bible." These men were the best biblical scholars and linguists of their day.
  • The work began in 1607
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  • The 54 men chosen for the task were divided into six companies
    • 2 at Westminster
    • 2 at Oxford
    • 2 at Cambridge
  • Though King James’s letter mentions fifty-four, the list that has been preserved contains only forty-seven. The discrepancy between the original number and the actual workers is supposed to be accounted for by resignations and deaths between the time of appointment and the time when the real work began.
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  • Fifteen rules of procedure were drawn up by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Richard Bancroft
  • Each member of a company made his own translation first
  • The members of each company met to compare one another’s work, reading passages out loud while comparing written notes
  • When each group completed a Book, it was sent to the other five groups for their independent assessment
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  • When the complete Bible was translated, it became a select committee of 12 men, tow from each company. In 1609, this group met daily for 9 months as the Stationer’s Hall in London. They acted as a “referral committee” in areas of difficulty or disputed passages.
  • Finally, the entire work was assembled and “polished” by a publication committee of two men, before being sent to the Royal Printer
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  • By this method, each passage in the translation was scrutinized a minimum of 14 times!
  • Some of the knocks against the KJV
    • Inferior Scholarship
    • Dr. John Bois, chairman of the Old Testament committee at Cambridge, was reading and writing Hebrew at age six.
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Lancelot Andrewes

The head of the Westminster group

  • He acquired most of the modern languages of Europe. At the University, he gave himself chiefly to the Oriental tongues and to divinity
  • His manual for his private devotions, prepared by himself, is wholly in the Greek language. It has been translated and printed
  • It was said that, such was his skill in all languages, especially the Oriental, that, had he been present at the confusion of tongues at Babel, he might have served as Interpreter-General!
  • When he died he was fluent in 15 languages
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  • Miles Smith
    • Known as “a walking library.”
    • He was called by his contemporaries “an incomparable theologist.”
    • He had studied all of the writings of the Latin and Greek church fathers, and was as well versed in Arabic, Chaldee and Syriac as he was in English.
    • It was said of Smith that he “had Hebrew at his fingers’ ends.”
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  • Miles Smith
    • He was chosen by the other translators to write the Preface to the King James Bible,
    • He wrote: “There were many chosen who were greater in other men’s eyes than their own, and who sought the truth rather than their own praise.” Miles Smith served as the final editor on the King James translation, perusing the entire text of the Bible before it went to press in 1611.
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