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NANOTECHNOLOGY: THE NEXT BIG REVOLUTION Dr. Albert Lozano Program Head Nanotechnology Program PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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NANOTECHNOLOGY: THE NEXT BIG REVOLUTION Dr. Albert Lozano Program Head Nanotechnology Program Commonwealth College The Pennsylvania State University. WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY? Building very small structures namometer scale (nm) Human hair: 50,000 nm across

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NANOTECHNOLOGY: THE NEXT BIG REVOLUTION Dr. Albert Lozano Program Head Nanotechnology Program

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Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

NANOTECHNOLOGY:

THE NEXT BIG REVOLUTION

Dr. Albert Lozano

Program Head

Nanotechnology Program

Commonwealth College

The Pennsylvania State University


Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY?

Building very small structures

namometer scale (nm)

Human hair: 50,000 nm across

Bacteria: About 200 nm across

10 Hydrogen atoms lined up: 10 nm

Unaid human vision: 10,000 nm

Nanotechnology: Build structures 1 to 100 nm


Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

  • WHY NANOTECHNOLOGY?

  • Use atomic properties of materials

  • Less is more in medicine

  • Increase power of computer chips

  • Sensors responding to lower concentrations

  • Stain-resistant clothing

  • Bathroom coating: self-cleaning !!!

  • New applications being implemented

  • almost daily (www.smalltimes.com)

  • Integrate biology, chemistry, eng…


Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

NANOTECHNOLOGY in the US

Jan 2000: President Clinton developed the National Nanotechnology Initiative: $227 M increase funding

Dec. 3, 2003: President Bush signed 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act

$ 3.7 Billion over 4 years

NNI: One of the few Clinton-era programs strongly backed by Bush Administration

Bipartisan support: Senator Joseph Lieberman and former Speaker-of-the-House Newt Gingrich


Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

BECOMING INVOLVED IN NANOTECHNOLOGY

Ph.D. Research &

MS. Development

BS. Current applications

AAS. Support

Educational

Opportunities at

all levels within

Penn State


Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

CAREERS IN NANOTECHNOLOGY

Education and academia

Agriculture

Food and beverage industries

Environmental monitoring

Communications and media

Aerospace

Electronics

Information technology

Many new industries the are emerging as a result of advances in nanotech


Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

ApplicationsBiotechnology

Microarrays – gene expression studies

DNA sequencing through micropores (sequence the entire human genome in 2 hr instead of 3 years).

Medicine

Personalized medicine

Microfluidics (a miniaturized laboratory)

Synthesis of extremely small probes that can examine individual strands of DNA for disease detection.

Man-made capillary systems to bring nutrients to artificial organs.


Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

ApplicationsEngineering

Manufacturing extrenely strong fibers atom by atom

Very small valves

Aerospace engineering

Homeland Security

Nanostructures as incredibly sensitive chemical and biological substance detectors (nanosensors)

Information technology


Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

ApplicationsEngineering

Current advances in semiconductor electronics come through nanoelectronics

state-of-the-art conventional transistor is now only about 100 nm in length

Everyday life

Flat, picture-like televisions and computer screens

Pollution detectors

Food bacteria detection

Textiles

Automotive / Transportation


Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

  • PENN STATE - COMMONWEALTH COLLEGE

  • APPROACH TO NANOTECHNOLOGY

    • Associate of Applied Science Degree

    • In Nanofabrication Manufacturing Technology

    • Engineering Technology Option

    • Science Option

    • Currently developing a Baccalaureate Degree

    • Seamless transition for AAS graduates

    • 3 Semesters Home Campus

    • (WB, FY, HZ, MK, YK)

    • 1 Semester Nanofabrication Facility (UP)


Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

  • PENN STATE – COMMONWEALTH COLLEGE

    • 3 semesters Home Campus

    • Develop skills to work in clean room facilities

      • Electronics, Science, Math skills

      • Plus PSU General Education requirements

  • 1 semester at University Park Campus

  • at Nanofabrication Facility

    • $32 million dollar, state-of-the-art laboratory

    • Hands-on experience all semester

    • Work with industry equipment  Productive

    • University Park residential living


  • Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

    PENN STATE – COMMONWEALTH COLLEGE

    2NMT / ET Option


    Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

    PENN STATE – COMMONWEALTH COLLEGE

    2NMT / Science Option


    Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

    Introduction to Nanotechnology Quality Control and QualityAssurance

    1 credit

    Taught at local campus

    Intro to modern statistical quality control methods used by industry.

    Recommended by Technical Advisory Committee

    Topics include:

    Q.C. concepts, principles, procedures, statistical tools,

    Statistical control of nanofabrication manufacturing and production processes and systems.


    Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

    Introduction to Nanofabrication Manufacturing Technology

    Three credits

    Taught at local campus

    Gives an overview of atomic physics and the use of atoms to build devices and machines

    Topics include:

    Atoms

    Semiconductors

    Transistors

    Integrated circuits

    Basic Nanofabrication Processes

    The Nanotech industry


    Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

    NANOFABRICATION FACILITY

    $32 million, state-of-the-art facility

    Professional engineering staff

    Class Ten Cleanrooms

    Broad spectrum of equipment

    Shared by educational institutions across the Commonwealth

    Three capstone semesters each year

    Facility available to industry.


    Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

    NANOFABRICATION FACILITY

    Electron beam lithography and optical lithography

    Plasma etching tools

    Plasma deposition tools

    Physical vapor deposition equipment

    Chemical vapor deposition equipment

    Ion implanter


    Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

    Capstone Courses

    Materials, Safety, and Equipment Overview for Nanofabrication

    Basic Nanofabrication Processes

    Thin Films in Nanofabrication

    Advanced Lithography and Patterning Techniques

    Materials Modification in Nanofabrication

    Characterization, Packaging, and Testing of Nanofabricated Structures


    Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

    PENN STATE COMMONWEALTH COLLEGE:FUTURE DIRECTIONS

    Development of a BS in Science with a Nanoscience option (Fall 2005)

    Nanotechnology EXPO

    High school counselors, science teachers and students

    Technical advisory committee at each campus

    Nanoscience 001-natural science elective for all students

    Nanotechnology module for first year Engineering Design and Graphics (EDG 100) course


    Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

    • JOB MARKET IN NANOTECHNOLOGY

    • The next Industrial Revolution

    • Media reports to sense National Interest

    • AAS Graduates ranging $35k - $46k

    • Only area other than homeland security that

    • experienced increased growth in federal spending

    • Private sector spent $2 billion in 2002

    • Opportunities for dual degrees:

    • 2EET and 2NMT in 5 semesters


    Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

    PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR 2NMT GRADUATES

    (where are the jobs?)

    Pharmaceuticals

    Biomedical

    Micro-electromechanical devices (MEMs)

    Opto-electronics (fiber-optic communications)

    Sensors

    Power electronics

    Microelectronics (chips)

    … and many more to come!


    Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

    PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR 2NMT GRADUATES

    (where are the jobs?)

    Pennsylvania nanofabrication workforce development program

    Workforce development program is the Pennsylvania Nanofabrication Manufacturing Technology (NMT) Partnership

    Two-year degree graduates of the “capstone experience” are receiving salary offers in the $30,000 - $52,000 range

    Baccalaureate graduates have starting salaries averaging $62,000


    Nanotechnology the next big revolution dr albert lozano program head nanotechnology program

    Thank you !


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