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Update. WESTAR Council Meeting, Boise, ID. Patrick Cummins September 26, 2006. Western Governors’ Association. WGA represents the Governors of 19 States and 3 U.S. Flag Pacific Islands. WGA Resolution on Regional and National Policies Regarding Global Climate Change.

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WESTAR Council Meeting, Boise, ID

Patrick CumminsSeptember 26, 2006

western governors association
Western Governors’ Association
  • WGA represents the Governors of 19 States and 3 U.S. Flag Pacific Islands
wga resolution on regional and national policies regarding global climate change
WGA Resolution on Regional and National Policies Regarding Global Climate Change
  • Western Governors support local, state, regional, and national programs to reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gases in a manner that:
    • Is consistent with the findings of scientific research
    • Will not significantly harm the U.S. economy
    • Encourages comparable action by major trading partners and key contributors to global emissions
global climate change resolution
Global Climate Change Resolution
  • Includes support for:
    • Continued research on global climate change
    • Carbon sequestration research and implementation
    • Cost-effective, market-based policies to reduce greenhouse gases
    • Consideration of state and regional GHG programs if/when a national regime is developed
    • A voluntary registry to document and track greenhouse gas emissions
clean and diversified energy
Clean and Diversified Energy
  • In 2004, the Governor’s called for the analysis of policy recommendations that would:
    • Bring 30,000 megawatts of new clean energy online by 2015
    • Increase energy efficiency 20% by 2020
    • Meet transmission needs over the next 25 years
  • The Clean and Diversified Energy Advisory

Committee (CDEAC) and 8 task forces were

formed to develop consensus, incentive

based policies to reach these goals

    • Over 250 diverse stakeholders participated
    • Report presented to the governors in June 2006
    • The CDEAC made 51 incentive-based


clean and diversified energy1
Clean and Diversified Energy
  • Report conclusions:
    • The governors can meet and likely exceed their 2015 and 2020 goals
    • Achieving these goals will require a combination of state, regional and federal action
  • CDEAC recommendations included:
    • Demonstrate IGCC projects in Western states at altitude
    • Encourage federal tax credit extensions on renewables
    • Reforms in the FERC Open Access Transmission Tariff to allow regional transmission planning expansion
    • Encourage the elimination of rate pancaking
    • Implement and update energy efficiency standards on appliances and buildings
    • Support comprehensive integrated resource planning and procurement rules
states leading the way
States Leading the Way
  • WGA is encouraging others to adopt the recommended policies and is tracking progress toward the governors’ goals
    • Gov. Owens (CO) – Signed legislation to encourage IGCC within the state; Xcel Energy has since announced plans to build a 350 MW IGCC plant
    • Gov. Napolitano (AZ) – Issued an executive order on energy efficiency with the aim of reducing GHGs to 2000 levels by 2012
    • Gov. Huntsman (UT) -- Proposed legislation to set a 20% goal for energy efficiency in Utah by 2015
    • Govs. Schwarzenegger (CA) and Freudenthal (WY) signed an MOU on developing IGCC with carbon sequestration and renewable energy in Wyoming
    • Gov. Gregoire (WA) signed legislation that requires state schools and office buildings to be constructed in a manner that will conserve energy and minimize their environmental impact
    • Gov. Schwarzenegger (CA) signed the Million Solar Roofs Legislation in August 2006
western renewable energy generation information system wregis
Western Renewable Energy Generation Information System (WREGIS)
  • Formed in 2004 as a joint effort between WGA and the California Energy Commission
  • Will issue, track, and verify regional renewable electricity generation and certificates
  • Scheduled to come online in late 2007
carbon sequestration partnerships
Carbon Sequestration Partnerships
  • WGA is assisting four regional carbon sequestration partnerships
        • Big Sky
        • Plains
        • Southwest
        • West Coast
  • The partnerships are engaged in validating sequestration technologies, assessing repository potential, and identifying best management practices
    • The Big Sky Partnership will inject several thousand tons of CO2 into the Grande Ronde Basalt in eastern Washington as a demonstration project
    • The Plains Partnership will be using 14.4 million tons of CO2 to test terrestrial sequestration in the region’s wetlands
future transportation fuels initiative
Future Transportation Fuels Initiative
  • Resolution on Transportation Fuels for the Future passed June, 2006
    • 570 million gallons of oil are used each day by the nation’s transportation sector
    • Regional Task Force will develop a policy roadmap for western alternative fuel development and distribution in the future
      • Governor’s offices are currently gathering ideas for actions to take in the near, mid, and long-term
      • The roadmap will be refined by a broad range of stakeholders
      • Fuels currently being considered include ethanol, bio-diesel, coal-to-liquids, hydrogen, and electricity
  • Many states have already taken the lead
    • Gov. Sebelius is chairing the Governors’ Ethanol Coalition
    • Gov. Schweitzer is working to attract companies to Montana that are committed to producing clean burning liquid fuel from coal
climate change impacts on water
Climate Change Impacts on Water
  • In 2006, WGA helped develop and adopted the Western States Water Council Report, “Water Needs and Strategies for a Sustainable Future”
  • The report makes recommendations on
    • Water policy and growth strategies
    • Infrastructure needs
    • Indian water rights and negotiated settlements
    • Preparations for climate change impacts
    • Coordination between researchers and policy-makers, particularly on ESA
mexico emissions inventory
Mexico Emissions Inventory
  • First national EI for Mexico complete and published
  • Coordinated by WGA (Rich Halvey) with EPA funding
  • EI is for 1999
  • Next Steps
    • 2004 update
    • Special studies – mobile sources
western regional air partnership wrap
Western Regional Air Partnership (WRAP)
  • Voluntary association of 15 states, Western tribes, and federal agencies
  • Assists Western states and tribes in developing regional haze plans for federal Class I Areas:
    • State regional haze plans due to EPA in December 2007.
  • Currently working with 9 member states

to develop GHG emission inventories

and forecasts

    • Final products are expected in early 2007
    • 4 states already have developed GHG


western regional air partnership wrap1
Western Regional Air Partnership (WRAP)
  • Participating with other states/regions to evaluate options for a multi-state GHG registry
    • WRAP and Eastern states are leading the effort
    • Western and Mid-Western states and tribes participating
    • Building on California Climate Action Registry: ensure consistency and avoid multiple or different state registries
    • Goal: Operational by late 2007
    • Policy neutral system - states and tribes opt-in at their discretion
2018 base case visibility projections deciviews
2018 Base Case Visibility Projections (deciviews)

Note: Fire & Dust emissions held constant

wrap region egu so 2 emissions
WRAP region EGU SO2 emissions

Data Sources: 1995, 1998, and 2005 from EPA Clean Air Markets Division, 2002 emissions and 2018 projections by Eastern Research Group, and 2018 BART assuming presumptive limits in EPA BART rule on units > 200 MW

wrap region no x emissions by source category
WRAP region NOx emissions by source category

Data Sources: WRAP Forums’ emissions inventories and biogenics from BEIS model

technical support system
Summary of key technical data to support regional haze planning & implementation – version 1 on-line mid-October 2006

Supports consultation & interstate emissions/visibility tracking

Interactive data displays:



Modeling/Source Apportionment Results

Ancillary GIS information

To assess progress, provides tracking of:

Periodic emissions inventories & emissions reductions programs

Visibility monitoring data

Modeling/Source Apportionment Results

Welcome to the WRAP Technical Support System!

Getting Started with the TSS

Attribution of Haze Results

Regional Haze Planning Support

Weight of Evidence Checklist

User Defined Queries & Analyses

Technical Support System