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Chapter 3 COP with JavaBeans. Major Topics. Overview of JavaBeans technology Discuss the component infrastructure of JavaBeans Introducing the component model of JavaBeans Learning the connection model of JavaBeans Discussing the deployment model of JavaBeans

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Chapter 3 cop with javabeans

Chapter 3 COP with JavaBeans

Component Oriented Programming

Major topics
Major Topics

  • Overview of JavaBeans technology

  • Discuss the component infrastructure of JavaBeans

  • Introducing the component model of JavaBeans

  • Learning the connection model of JavaBeans

  • Discussing the deployment model of JavaBeans

  • Discuss the key features and techniques of component oriented programming with JavaBeans

Component Oriented Programming


  • JavaBeans defines a software component model for Java, so that third party ISVs can create and ship Java components that can be composed together into applications” [Sun 1997]

  • “A JavaBean is a reusable software component that can be manipulated visually in a builder tool” [Sun 1997]

Component Oriented Programming

8 steps to create a javabean 1
8 Steps to Create a JavaBean (1)

  • Use package statement as the first line of your source code.

  • Implement the Serializable interface for persistence.

  • Compile your packaged classes using the -d option.

  • Create a manifest file to describe the contents of a JAR file.

Component Oriented Programming

8 steps to create a javabean 2
8 Steps to Create a JavaBean (2)

  • Create the JAR file for your bean using the jar utility.

  • Check the files were archived correctly.

  • Test your Java bean wrapped in a JAR file.

  • Add the bean into the BeanBox.

Component Oriented Programming

Four kinds of properties
Four Kinds of Properties

  • Simple properties

    • Simple properties describing a bean’s appearance and behavior

  • Bound properties

    • When their values change, provide event notification to other objects

  • Constrained properties

    • Value changes can be okayed or vetoed by other objects

  • Indexed properties

    • Multiple-value properties

Component Oriented Programming

Simple properties
Simple Properties

  • Properties are aspects of a Bean's appearance and behavior that are changeable at design time.

  • Properties are private values accessed through getter and setter methods.

  • Property getter and setter method names follow specific rules, called design patterns. By using these design pattern-based method names, JavaBeans-enabled builder tools (and the BeanBox) can

    • Discover a Bean's properties

    • Determine the properties' read/write attributes

    • Determine the properties' types

    • Locate an appropriate property editor for each property type

    • Display the properties' (usually in a property sheet)

    • Alter those properties (at design time)

Component Oriented Programming

Adding a color property to simplebean
Adding a Color Property to SimpleBean

  • Create and initialize a private instance variable.

    private Color color =;

  • Write a public getter method.

    public Color getColor(){ return color; }

  • Write a public setter method.

    public void setColor(Color newColor){

    color = newColor; repaint(); }

  • Override the paint() method inherited from Canvas.

    public void paint(Graphics g) {

    g.setColor(color); g.fillRect(20, 5, 20, 30); }

Component Oriented Programming

Bound properties
Bound Properties

  • Whenever a bound property changes, notification of the change is sent to interested listeners.

  • A bean containing a bound property must maintain a list of property change listeners and alert them when the bound property changes.

  • The convenience class PropertyChangeSupport first implements methods that add and remove PropertyChangeListener objects from a list and then fires PropertyChangeEvent objects at those listeners when the bound property changes.

Component Oriented Programming

Implementing bound property support
Implementing Bound Property Support

  • Import the java.beans package. (accessing to the PropertyChangeSupport class)

  • Instantiate a PropertyChangeSupport object:

    private PropertyChangeSupport changes = new PropertyChangeSupport(this);

  • Implement methods to maintain the property change listener list.

    public void addPropertyChangeListener( PropertyChangeListener l) { changes.addPropertyChangeListener(l); }

    public void removePropertyChangeListener( PropertyChangeListener l) { changes.removePropertyChangeListener(l); }

  • Modify a property's setter method to fire a property change event when the property is changed. OurButton's setLabel method looks like this:

    public void setLabel(String newLabel) { String oldLabel = label; label = newLabel; sizeToFit(); changes.firePropertyChange("label", oldLabel, newLabel); }

    Note that setLabel stores the old label value, because both the old and new labels must be passed to firePropertyChange.

    public void firePropertyChange(String propertyName, Object oldValue, Object newValue)

Component Oriented Programming

Constrained properties
Constrained Properties

  • A bean property is constrained when any change to that property can be vetoed.

  • Implementation: 3 parts:

    • A source bean containing one or more constrained properties

    • Listener objects that implement the VetoableChangeListener interface. A listener object accepts or rejects proposed changes to a constrained property in the source bean

    • A PropertyChangeEventobject containing the property name and its old and new values.

    • Example: JellyBean and Voter

Component Oriented Programming

Indexed properties
Indexed Properties

  • Indexed properties represent collections of values accessed, like an array, by index.

  • Methods to access the entire indexed property array

    • public <PropertyType>[] get<PropertyName>();

    • public void set<PropertyName>(<PropertyType>[] value);

  • Methods to access individual values

    • public <PropertyType> get<PropertyName>(int index);

    • public void set<PropertyName>(int index, <PropertyType> value);

Component Oriented Programming

Discovering events
Discovering Events

  • Using introspection

    • public void add<EventListenerType>(<EventListenerType> a)

    • public void remove<EventListenerType>(<EventListenerType> a)

  • Using BeanInfo

    • Example:

    • Note: this example works in JDK1.3 but not in JDK1.4!

Component Oriented Programming

Viewing events
Viewing Events

  • Select a bean (e.g. OurButton) and then pull down the Edit > Events menu

  • Hooking up events in the BeanBox (e.g. Juggler animation)

  • Generating event adapter classes (\beanbox\tmp\sunw\beanbox\...)

  • The EventMonitor demo bean prints out source bean event reports at run time

Component Oriented Programming

Introspector class
Introspector Class

  • Introspection – the capability of a builder tool to discover information about a bean

  • Exposing a bean’s features (P, E, M, but in BDK, you see only P)

  • Using the JDK core reflection API and design patterns

  • How could we (designers) explicitly expose a bean’s feature?

Component Oriented Programming

Beaninfo class
BeanInfo Class

  • A separate, associated class that implements the BeanInfo interface.

  • A BeanInfo class can:

    • Expose only those features you want to expose.

    • Rely on BeanInfo to expose some Bean features while relying on low-level reflection to expose others.

    • Associate an icon with the target bean.

    • Specify a customizer class.

    • Segregate features into normal and expert categories.

    • Provide a more descriptive display name, or additional information about a bean feature.

Component Oriented Programming

Feature descriptors
Feature Descriptors

  • FeatureDescriptor is the base class for the other descriptor classes. It declares the aspects common to all descriptor types.

  • BeanDescriptor describes the target Bean's class type and name, and describes the target Bean's customizer class if it exists.

  • PropertyDescriptor describes the target bean's properties.

  • IndexedPropertyDescriptor is a subclass of PropertyDescriptor, and describes the target Bean's indexed properties.

  • EventSetDescriptor describes the events the target Bean fires.

  • MethodDescriptor describes the target Bean's methods.

  • ParameterDescriptor describes method parameters.

Component Oriented Programming

5 steps to creating a beaninfo class
5 Steps to Creating a BeanInfo Class

  • Name your BeanInfo class as: ClassNameBeanInfo

  • Subclass SimpleBeanInfo.

  • Override the appropriate methods to return the properties, methods, or events that you want exposed.

  • Optionally associate an icon with the target bean.

  • Specify the target bean class, and, if the bean has a customizer, specify it also.

Component Oriented Programming


  • Using a property editor

    • Each bean property has its own property editor

  • Using customizers

    • Customizers are used when property editors are not practical or applicable.

  • Property editors are associated with individual properties, while a customizer is associated with a bean.

Component Oriented Programming

Property editors
Property Editors

  • Explicit association via a BeanInfo object. E.g., Molecule demo bean: Within the MoleculeBeanInfo class, the Molecule bean's property editor is set with the following line of code: pd.setPropertyEditorClass(MoleculeNameEditor.class);

  • Explicit registration via java.Beans.PropertyEditorManager.registerEditor. This method takes a pair of arguments: The class type, and the editor to be associated with that type.

  • Name search. If a class has no explicitly associated property editor, then the PropertyEditorManager searchs for that class's property editor by:

  • Appending "Editor" to the fully qualified class name. For example, for the java.beans.ComplexNumber class, the property editor manager would search for the java.beans.ComplexNumberEditor class.

  • Appending "Editor" to the class name and searching a class search path. The default class path for the BeanBox is sun.beans.editors.

Component Oriented Programming


  • Providing complete control over how to configure or edit a bean

  • Extend java.awt.Component or one of its subclasses.

  • Implement the java.beans.Customizer interface This means implementing methods to register PropertyChangeListener objects, and firing property change events at those listeners when a change to the target Bean has occurred.

  • Implement a default constructor.

  • Associate the customizer with its target class via BeanInfo.getBeanDescriptor.

  • If a Bean that has an associated Customizer is dropped into the BeanBox, you will notice a "Customize..." item on the Edit menu.

Component Oriented Programming


  • All beans must persist.

  • A bean persists by having its properties, fields, and state information saved and restored to and from storage.

  • The mechanism that makes persistence possible is called serialization.

  • When a bean instance is serialized, it is converted into a data stream and written to storage. Any applet, application, or tool that uses that bean can then "reconstitute" it by deserialization.

Component Oriented Programming

Serializable interface
Serializable Interface

  • The Serializable interface provides automatic serialization by using the Java Object Serialization tools.

  • Classes that implement Serializable must have a no-argument constructor. This constructor will be called when an object is "reconstituted" from a .ser file.

  • You don't need to implement Serializable in your class if it is already implemented in a superclass (but you do need to make sure works correctly and as you expect with default serialization).

  • All fields but static and transient are serialized. Use the transient modifier to specify fields you do not want serialized, and to specify classes that are not serializable.

Component Oriented Programming

Overview of bean builder
Overview of Bean Builder

  • The Bean Builder is a tool which allows the visual assembly of an application by instantiating and setting the properties of components based on the JavaBeans component architecture.

  • The dynamic behavior of the application is specified by "wiring" relationships that represent events handlers and method calls between the objects in an application.

  • The state of this application is saved to and restored from an XML file. An application is constructed using the Java API without having to write a line of source code.

Component Oriented Programming

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>    <java version="1.3.0" class="java.beans.XMLDecoder">     <object class="javax.swing.JPanel">       <void method="add">         <object class="javax.swing.JButton">           <void property="label">             <string>Clear</string>            </void>           <void property="model">             <void property="actionCommand">               <string />              </void>           </void>           <void method="addActionListener">             <object class="java.beans.EventHandler" method="create">               <class>java.awt.event.ActionListener</class>                <object id="JTextArea0" class="javax.swing.JTextArea">                 <void property="border">                   <object class="javax.swing.border.LineBorder">                     <object class="java.awt.Color">                       <int>0</int>                        <int>0</int>                        <int>0</int>                        <int>255</int>                      </object>                     <int>1</int>                    </object>                 </void>               </object>

              <string>setText</string>                <string>source.actionCommand</string>              </object>           </void>         </object>       </void>       <void method="add">         <object idref="JTextArea0" />        </void>       <void property="layout">         <null />        </void>     </object>   </java> 

Component Oriented Programming


  • The Bean Builder extends the capabilities of the original BeanBox by demonstrating new techniques for persistence, layout editing and dynamic event adapter generation.

  • The Java Bean was designed for the construction of graphical user interface (GUI)?

Component Oriented Programming

Summary 1
Summary (1)

  • JavaBean is a component model for Java

  • A bean has four kinds of properties

    • Simple, bound, constrained, and indexed

  • BDK is a visual design tool provided by Sun Microsystems

  • There are 5 steps to build a JavaBean

  • Events can be discovered by introspection or BeanInfo class

Component Oriented Programming

Summary 2
Summary (2)

  • Introspection – the capability of a builder tool to discover information about a bean

  • A BeanInfo class can expose only those features you want to expose

  • There are 5 steps to creating a BeanInfo class

  • Customization can be done by property editors or customizers

  • Persistence is done by serialization

  • Bean Builder provides more capability for component compositions

  • The component architecture of Java beans could be described using the similar diagrams used in device beans and CCM

Component Oriented Programming