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What is Stroke?
Stroke or brain attack is a sudden problem affecting the blood vessels of the brain. There are mainly two types of stroke:
In ischemic stroke, which occurs in approximately 85-90% of strokes, a blood vessel becomes occluded and the blood supply to part of the brain is totally or partially blocked
A hemorrhagic stroke, or cerebral hemorrhage, is a form of stroke that occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures or bleeds
If stroke effect CNS pathways, symptoms may include:
If stroke effect the brainstem, symptoms may include:
If the cerebral cortex is involved, symptoms may include:
If the cerebellum is involved, symptoms may include:
Students in three classes in adaptive learning Division in program for post-stroke in Foothill college
Number of People who joined survey: 19
Their situation: 1 to 20 years post stroke
Number of people who have problems with arm/hand after stroke
Number of people who don’t have problems with arm/hand after stroke
YES*: 7 out of 19 36.8%
No: 5 out of 19 26.4%
Not a normal one: 7 out of 19 36.8%
(Note*: Some patient don’t know whether they have normal sensation or not)
Number of People
68.4% people do exercise less than 1 hour/day
15.8% people do not do exercise at all
Many people spend most of their time to do walking exercise
A. Important 89.5%
B. Not that important 10.5%
C. I can do all the jobs using my other hand/arm 15.8%
What are the exercises that you cannot perform?
What is the most frustrating problem with your hand/arm that occurred after your stroke?
1. Eat with attacked hand
2. hard to move arm to reach a goal
3. Cannot grasp something
4. hard to use some tools
5. Fine motor control: Typing. Eating, grooming.
6. too hard to get results
7. Lack of movement of arm,
8. complete dressing with putting on pants, inserting shirt in pants, etc
9. No rapid progress, but slow, steady improvement
10. not being able to do things: cleaning closets, organize my home
What is the most frustrating problem?
Hard to move arm to reach a goal
Can not grasp something
not being able to do things: cleaning closets, organize my home
Eat with attacked hand
too hard to get results
No rapid progress, but slow, steady improvement
Number of People
89.5% people think it is really important for them to have their hand/arm function back
1.Hard to move arm to reach a goal2.Can not grasp something3.not being able to do things: cleaning
4.closets, organize my home
5. Eat with attacked hand
2. too hard to get results
3. No rapid progress, but slow, steady improvement
Ideas from people who had stroke for designing rehab device:
1. A mechanical exerciser you can hold. It will strengthen your arm
2. A device to achieve hand functions. Help getting in and out of bed.