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National Seminar on Developing a Program for the Implementation of the 2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey Eyüp Mehmet DİNÇ 10 September 2013 Ankara - Turkey.

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Foreign Trade Statistics and Indices

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Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing a Program for the Implementation of the 2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey Eyüp Mehmet DİNÇ10 September2013 Ankara - Turkey


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Foreign Trade Statistics and Indices

  • Partner Country

  • Confidentiality

  • Specific Treatments

  • Revision Policy

  • Data Processing

  • Dissemination

  • Foreign Trade Indices

  • Future Plans

  • Definition

  • Historical Background

  • Trade System

  • Coverage

  • Classifications

  • Data Sources

  • Periodicity

  • Valuation


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Definition

  • "exports" refers to selling goods and services by the residents of the home country to residents of other countries

  • “imports" refers to buying goods and services by the residents of the home country from residents of other countries

  • Foreign Trade Statistics (FTS) cover only cross border trade

  • FTS covers only trading of goods


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Historical Background

  • TurkStat is responsible for data production, publication and dissemination of external trade statistics since 1933.

  • Turkey joined the Customs Union with the EU in 1996. Since then Turkish Customs laws and trade statistics have been harmonized with those of EU customs practices.

  • Turkey is also member of a number of international conventions, such as the revised Kyoto Convention, the Convention on Harmonized System.


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Trade System

  • Special Trade System (Relaxed definition)

  • Goods entered the free circulation area are included

  • Data of free zones, customs warehouses are excluded


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Coverage

  • Inclusions

    • Normal exports and imports,

    • Exports under outward processing regime,

    • Imports under inward processing regime

  • Exclusions

    • Shuttle trade,

    • Transit trade,

    • Monetary gold,

    • Temporary trade,

    • Banknotes, securities, coins not in circulation and foreign currencies,

    • Transactions under $100 (statistical threshold)


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Classifications

  • Commodity Classification: GTIP

    • Others (SITC, BEC, CPC, CPA, ISIC)

  • Country Classification: Geonomenclature (3-digit Numerical)


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Data Sources

  • Single Administrative Documents (SAD) from the Ministry of Customs and Trade

  • Survey for crude petroleum, natural gas and electricity

  • Survey for free shops

  • Survey for aircraft’s stores and supplies abroad (import)

  • Export records of the Turkish Exporter’s Union

  • Free zones’ data from the Ministry of Economy

  • Records for financial leasing from the Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency

  • Records of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation

  • Other institutions’ records, licences etc.


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Periodicity

Periodicity

  • Itis published monthly.

    Timeliness

  • Time of recording of export and import is either date which goods cross border.


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Valuation

  • Imports : CIF

  • Exports : FOB

  • Currency for Value

    • US Dollar, Euro, Turkish Lira

    • All currencies are converted by using Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey daily exchange rates


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Partner Country

  • Imports: Country of Origin

    • Country of Consignment

    • Country of Trading

  • Exports: Country of Final Destination

    • Country of Origin

    • Country of Trading


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

  • Passive confidentiality has been used since 2008

  • Value, quantity, country, commodity code etc. may be concealed.

Confidentiality


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Specific Treatments

  • Special products (crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity)

  • Ships/Aircrafts

  • Ships and Aircrafts stores and supplies

  • Non-monetary gold

  • Operational/Financial Leasing

  • Goods for repair

  • Goods for processing


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

  • Crude Petroleum

  • Natural Gas

  • Electricity

Specific TreatmentsSpecial products


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Specific TreatmentsShips/Aircrafts

  • Directorate General of Civil Aviation sends all registers to TurkStat

  • Records from Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Specific TreatmentsShip‘s/Aircraft’s stores and supplies

  • Exportdata from Customsdocuments

  • Import: Conducting a survey for the goods bought abroad by Turkish Carriers by Central Bank (only for aircraft and it is not included in FTS)


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

  • Monetary gold should be excluded from trade statistics, while non-monetary gold included

  • Trader may declare as monetary gold instead of non-monetary gold

  • System is checking VAT numbers of money authority (Central Bank)

  • Asking Central Bank for monetary gold

Specific TreatmentsMonetary/Non-monetary gold


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Specific TreatmentsGoods for Processing - Goods for Repair

  • Goods for processing are included in FTS and their processing fee’s are calculated and recorded separately.

  • Goods for repair are excluded from FTS but their processing fee’s are calculated and recorded separately.

  • Processing fee’s of both GfP and GfR are sent to the CBRT for BoP statistics.


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Revision Policy

  • Foreign trade statistics are published temporarily until Y+9. Data may be revised monthly.

  • The revisions are revealled in the following month’s bulletin.

  • Only significant changes may be reflected to the precise data after Y+9


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Data Processing

Two main programs developed in SAS

by TurkStat

  • SASVUP (For data processing)

  • SASDAGITIM (For data dissemination)


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Credibility Checks/ Detailed Table

  • Credibility checks

  • Flag for error types

  • Decompose implausible / all transactions


Corrections

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Corrections

  • Asking to Customs

  • Asking to Trader

  • Experience


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Dissemination

  • Monthly data are published as News Release within 30-31 days after reference month

    • Hard Copy & Electronic on www.turkstat.gov.tr

  • Teletext pages,

  • Voice Response System,

  • SMS (3737)

  • Intranet database (Discoverer/SAS),

  • Internet (database /excel tables),

  • Foreign Trade Statistics Yearbook

    • (Hard Copy/CD-Rom)


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Foreign Trade Indices

  • History

  • Indices with the 1968 base year (Quarterly)

  • Indices with the 1973 base year (Quarterly),

  • Indices with the 1982 base year (Monthly),

  • Indices with the 1989 base year (Monthly),

  • Indices with the 1994 base year (Monthly),

  • Indices with the 2003 base year (Monthly),

  • Indices with the 2010 base year (Monthly)

  • Calculated Indices

  • Export unit value index ($, TL)

  • Import unit value index ($, TL)

  • Export volume index

  • Import volume index

  • Terms of trade index ($, TL)


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Foreign Trade Indices

  • ISIC Rev.3, ISIC Rev.4, BEC, SITC are used

  • Fischer chain method is used

  • Issued in the fifth week following the reference month. Disseminated by index series, news releases and web dynamic

  • Foreign trade indices, calculated by the provisional trade data, are revised for previous year, with a view to reflect updated foreign trade data effect. The revisions, by months, quarters and annualls, are revealled in January bulletin.


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Future Plans

  • Data production according to General Trade System (2014)

  • Usage of TARIC codes (2014)


Foreign trade statistics and indices

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Thank you for your attention !!!


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