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National Seminar on Developing a Program for the Implementation of the 2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey Eyüp Mehmet DİNÇ 10 September 2013 Ankara - Turkey.

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National Seminar on Developing a Program for the Implementation of the 2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey Eyüp Mehmet DİNÇ10 September2013 Ankara - Turkey


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Foreign Trade Statistics and Indices

  • Partner Country

  • Confidentiality

  • Specific Treatments

  • Revision Policy

  • Data Processing

  • Dissemination

  • Foreign Trade Indices

  • Future Plans

  • Definition

  • Historical Background

  • Trade System

  • Coverage

  • Classifications

  • Data Sources

  • Periodicity

  • Valuation


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Definition

  • "exports" refers to selling goods and services by the residents of the home country to residents of other countries

  • “imports" refers to buying goods and services by the residents of the home country from residents of other countries

  • Foreign Trade Statistics (FTS) cover only cross border trade

  • FTS covers only trading of goods


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Historical Background

  • TurkStat is responsible for data production, publication and dissemination of external trade statistics since 1933.

  • Turkey joined the Customs Union with the EU in 1996. Since then Turkish Customs laws and trade statistics have been harmonized with those of EU customs practices.

  • Turkey is also member of a number of international conventions, such as the revised Kyoto Convention, the Convention on Harmonized System.


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Trade System

  • Special Trade System (Relaxed definition)

  • Goods entered the free circulation area are included

  • Data of free zones, customs warehouses are excluded


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Coverage

  • Inclusions

    • Normal exports and imports,

    • Exports under outward processing regime,

    • Imports under inward processing regime

  • Exclusions

    • Shuttle trade,

    • Transit trade,

    • Monetary gold,

    • Temporary trade,

    • Banknotes, securities, coins not in circulation and foreign currencies,

    • Transactions under $100 (statistical threshold)


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Classifications

  • Commodity Classification: GTIP

    • Others (SITC, BEC, CPC, CPA, ISIC)

  • Country Classification: Geonomenclature (3-digit Numerical)


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Data Sources

  • Single Administrative Documents (SAD) from the Ministry of Customs and Trade

  • Survey for crude petroleum, natural gas and electricity

  • Survey for free shops

  • Survey for aircraft’s stores and supplies abroad (import)

  • Export records of the Turkish Exporter’s Union

  • Free zones’ data from the Ministry of Economy

  • Records for financial leasing from the Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency

  • Records of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation

  • Other institutions’ records, licences etc.


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Periodicity

Periodicity

  • Itis published monthly.

    Timeliness

  • Time of recording of export and import is either date which goods cross border.


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Valuation

  • Imports : CIF

  • Exports : FOB

  • Currency for Value

    • US Dollar, Euro, Turkish Lira

    • All currencies are converted by using Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey daily exchange rates


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Partner Country

  • Imports: Country of Origin

    • Country of Consignment

    • Country of Trading

  • Exports: Country of Final Destination

    • Country of Origin

    • Country of Trading


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

  • Passive confidentiality has been used since 2008

  • Value, quantity, country, commodity code etc. may be concealed.

Confidentiality


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Specific Treatments

  • Special products (crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity)

  • Ships/Aircrafts

  • Ships and Aircrafts stores and supplies

  • Non-monetary gold

  • Operational/Financial Leasing

  • Goods for repair

  • Goods for processing


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

  • Crude Petroleum

  • Natural Gas

  • Electricity

Specific TreatmentsSpecial products


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Specific TreatmentsShips/Aircrafts

  • Directorate General of Civil Aviation sends all registers to TurkStat

  • Records from Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Specific TreatmentsShip‘s/Aircraft’s stores and supplies

  • Exportdata from Customsdocuments

  • Import: Conducting a survey for the goods bought abroad by Turkish Carriers by Central Bank (only for aircraft and it is not included in FTS)


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

  • Monetary gold should be excluded from trade statistics, while non-monetary gold included

  • Trader may declare as monetary gold instead of non-monetary gold

  • System is checking VAT numbers of money authority (Central Bank)

  • Asking Central Bank for monetary gold

Specific TreatmentsMonetary/Non-monetary gold


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Specific TreatmentsGoods for Processing - Goods for Repair

  • Goods for processing are included in FTS and their processing fee’s are calculated and recorded separately.

  • Goods for repair are excluded from FTS but their processing fee’s are calculated and recorded separately.

  • Processing fee’s of both GfP and GfR are sent to the CBRT for BoP statistics.


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Revision Policy

  • Foreign trade statistics are published temporarily until Y+9. Data may be revised monthly.

  • The revisions are revealled in the following month’s bulletin.

  • Only significant changes may be reflected to the precise data after Y+9


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Data Processing

Two main programs developed in SAS

by TurkStat

  • SASVUP (For data processing)

  • SASDAGITIM (For data dissemination)


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Credibility Checks/ Detailed Table

  • Credibility checks

  • Flag for error types

  • Decompose implausible / all transactions


Corrections

National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Corrections

  • Asking to Customs

  • Asking to Trader

  • Experience


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Dissemination

  • Monthly data are published as News Release within 30-31 days after reference month

    • Hard Copy & Electronic on www.turkstat.gov.tr

  • Teletext pages,

  • Voice Response System,

  • SMS (3737)

  • Intranet database (Discoverer/SAS),

  • Internet (database /excel tables),

  • Foreign Trade Statistics Yearbook

    • (Hard Copy/CD-Rom)


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Foreign Trade Indices

  • History

  • Indices with the 1968 base year (Quarterly)

  • Indices with the 1973 base year (Quarterly),

  • Indices with the 1982 base year (Monthly),

  • Indices with the 1989 base year (Monthly),

  • Indices with the 1994 base year (Monthly),

  • Indices with the 2003 base year (Monthly),

  • Indices with the 2010 base year (Monthly)

  • Calculated Indices

  • Export unit value index ($, TL)

  • Import unit value index ($, TL)

  • Export volume index

  • Import volume index

  • Terms of trade index ($, TL)


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Foreign Trade Indices

  • ISIC Rev.3, ISIC Rev.4, BEC, SITC are used

  • Fischer chain method is used

  • Issued in the fifth week following the reference month. Disseminated by index series, news releases and web dynamic

  • Foreign trade indices, calculated by the provisional trade data, are revised for previous year, with a view to reflect updated foreign trade data effect. The revisions, by months, quarters and annualls, are revealled in January bulletin.


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Future Plans

  • Data production according to General Trade System (2014)

  • Usage of TARIC codes (2014)


National Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementationof the2008 SNA and Supporting Statistics in Turkey 10 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey

Thank you for your attention !!!


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