pronoun antecedent agreement
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Pronoun Antecedent Agreement

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 30

Pronoun Antecedent Agreement - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 89 Views
  • Uploaded on

Pronoun Antecedent Agreement. What is a Pronoun?. A pronoun is a substitute for a noun. It refers to a person, place, thing, feeling, or quality but does not refer to it by its name.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Pronoun Antecedent Agreement' - oded


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
what is a pronoun
What is a Pronoun?
  • A pronoun is a substitute for a noun.
  • It refers to a person, place, thing, feeling, or quality but does not refer to it by its name.
    • Mrs. Gessel gives too much homework. John wishes John could talk to Mrs. Gessel about the pressure John feels. John hates Mrs. Gessel’s class.
    • Mrs. Gessel gives too much homework. I wish I could talk to her about the pressure I feel. I hate her class.
what is an antecedent
What is an Antecedent?
  • An antecedent is the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers, understood by the context.
    • Mrs. Gessel gives too much homework. I wish I could talk to her about the pressure I feel. I hate her class.
agreement
Agreement
  • A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in three ways:
    • Personrefers to first, second, or third person.
    • Number distinguishes between singular and plural.
    • Gender distinguishes masculine or feminine.
steps for determining antecedent agreement
Steps for Determining Antecedent Agreement
  • Identify the pronoun.
  • Decide to whom or to what this pronoun refers or what it replaces--the antecedent.
  • Identify the person, gender, and number of the referenced pronoun.
  • Determine if the person, gender, and number are the same for the pronoun and the antecedent.
    • If they are, you have agreement.
    • If they are not the same, you have a correction to make.
for example
For Example:
  • Diversity training is a positive experience if it is well planned.
  • The e-mail that we received from an employee named Chris explained the problem that he or she wanted us to solve.
  • New York and New Jersey allow their state employees ten holidays a year.
  • Neither Teresa nor her assistants were aware of their negative attitudes.
rule 1
Rule #1

1.  A phrase or clause between the subject and verb does not change the number of the antecedent:

  • The can of lima beans sits on its shelf.
rule 2 singular indefinite pronoun antecedents take singular pronouns
Rule #2: Singular indefinite pronoun antecedents take singular pronouns.
  • Indefinite Pronoun Antecedents
rule 2 plural indefinite pronoun antecedents require plural referents
Rule #2: Plural indefinite pronoun antecedents require plural referents.

Always Plural

Singular or Plural

all more none

any most some

Indefinite Pronoun Antecedents

both others

few several

many

examples
Examples:
  • Each of the clerks does a good deal of work around his or her office.
  • Both do a good job in their office
slide12

Some indefinite pronouns that are modified by a prepositional phrase may be either singular or plural.

    • Some of the sugar fell out of its bag.
    • All of the jewelry has lost its glow.
rule 3
Rule #3
  • Compound subjects joined by andalways take a pluralreferent.
    • Jones and Smith made their presentation.
rule 4
Rule #4
  • With compound subjects joined byor/nor, the referent pronoun agrees with the antecedent closer to the pronoun.
    • Neither the directornor the actors did their jobs.
    • Neither the actorsnor the director did his or her job.
      • Example #1, with the plural antecedent closer to the pronoun, creates a smoother sentence than example #2, which forces the use of the singular "his or her."  
rule 5
Rule #5
  • Collective Nouns may be singular or plural, depending on meaning.  
    • Family, group, jury, crowd, team, etc.
  • Examples:
    • The jury read its verdict.
      • The jury is acting as one unit; therefore, the referent pronoun is singular.
    • The jury gave their individual opinions.
      • The jury members are acting as twelve individuals; therefore, the referent pronoun is plural.
rule 6
Rule #6
  • Titles of single entities take a singular referent.
    • Books, organizations, countries, etc.
    • The Grapes of Wrath made its characters seem real.
    • The United States cherishes its democracy.
rule 7
Rule #7
  • Plural form subjects with a singular meaning take a singular referent. 
    • News, measles, mumps, physics, etc.
    • The news has lost much of its sting.
rule 8
Rule #8
  • Everyor Many a before a noun or a series of nouns requires a singular referent.
    • Every cow, pig, and horse had lost its life in the fire.
    • Many a girl wishes she could dance.
rule 9 the number of vs a number of before a subject
Rule #9:Thenumber ofvsAnumber of before a subject:
  • The number of is singular.
    • The number of volunteers increases its ranks daily.
  • A number of is plural.
    • A number of volunteers are offering their help.
slide21
1.
  • One of the students must give their oral report tomorrow.
  • One of the students must give his oral report tomorrow.
slide22
2.
  • Everybody was hoping to have his lottery number picked.
  • Everybody was hoping to have their lottery number picked.
slide23
3.
  • If anyone doesn\'t like the music I\'m playing, they can go somewhere else.
  • If anyone doesn\'t like the music I\'m playing, he or she can go somewhere else.
slide24
4.
  • Each member of the committee must submit their response in writing.
  • Each member of the committee must submit his response in writing.
slide25
5.
  • Neither of the girls knew that her teacher had seen the police report.
  • Neither of the girls knew that their teacher had seen the police report.
slide26
6.
  • Either of the boys may take his seat in the front of the room.
  • Either of the boys may take their seat in the front of the room.
slide27
7.
  • The group hasits meeting here.
  • The group has their meeting here.
  • The group has it’s meeting here.
slide28
8.
  • The senior class wore its rings proudly.
  • The senior class wore their rings proudly.
  • The senior class wore his or her rings proudly.
slide29
9.
  • Children never realize how loud he or she can be.
  • Children never realize how loud they can be.
10 select all the correct sentences
10. Select all the correct sentences.
  • One of my friends must bring their tapes to the party.
  • Everyone should take his work seriously.
  • Since it was cold and windy, the boys had to wear his caps.
  • Sara and Jen had to finish their homework before they could go to the movies.
  • In the first-day confusion, neither of the teachers could find his classroom.
ad