Indigenous peoples
Download
1 / 16

Indigenous Peoples - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 167 Views
  • Uploaded on

Indigenous Peoples. ANTH 146. Terms. Indigenous peoples • Tribal / Tribal people Genocide • Ethnocide Terra Nullius • Social Darwinism Imperialism Economies and • Colonialism Exchange . Indigenous People

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Indigenous Peoples' - oded


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Terms
Terms

  • Indigenous peoples • Tribal / Tribal people

  • Genocide • Ethnocide

  • Terra Nullius • Social Darwinism

  • Imperialism

  • Economies and • Colonialism

  • Exchange


Indigenous People

• claim their lands because they were the 1st or have occupied them since time immemorial

• are groups that have been conquered by peoples racially, ethnically, or culturally different from themselves (Colonization, Westernization, Urbanization and the role of Nation State)



Social darwinism
Social Darwinism indigenous peoples today

  • Theory of social evolution

  • Based on Darwin’s theory of evolution

  • Scientific support for imperialism

    • Proved Western superiority

    • Justified imperialism in the name of progress.


Social darwinism1
Social Darwinism indigenous peoples today

  • Placed societies on an evolutionary framework

  • Hierarchy with indigenous and tribal peoples at the bottom and Western societies at the top

  • Natural order of things was for stronger, more advanced people to conquer and rule over weaker, more backward ones



Ethnocide
Ethnocide urged to:

  • Conquest of the indigenous peoples was justified

    • They were not fully human (no rights)

    • Need to civilize them

    • Development

      • Indigenous peoples stand in the way of development



Economies
Economies urged to:

  • Definition: Making or getting a living

  • Production, Distribution, Consumption

  • Economic types:

    • Foraging, food-collecting  reciprocal exchange, mobile bands, consumption for survival

  • Horticulture, garden cultivation  redistribution by chiefs for prestige

  • Pastoralism  redistribution

    Agriculture  market exchange, private land ownership

    Industrialization – of goods and food  market exchange, stratified social classes, consumption goal in itself

    • Service/information economies


Exchange
Exchange urged to:

  • Exchange (distribution of goods) promotes social cohesion

  • Major types of exchange:

    • Reciprocity

    • Redistribution

    • Market


Reciprocity
Reciprocity urged to:

  • Food collecting, small-scale societies

  • Egalitarian

  • Fosters long-term relations

  • Everyone taken care of  moral economy

  • Redistribution

  • Centralized collection of surplus (food, goods, etc.) by chief

  • Redistribution through feasting – provides for all

  • Often competitive -- gain in status, prestige


Market exchange
Market Exchange urged to:

  • Buying/selling of commodities (even food)

  • Direct exchange of goods (barter)

  • Exchange through money


Nomads foragers pastoralists
Nomads: Foragers/Pastoralists urged to:

  • Highly mobile

  • Inconvenient to nation-states

  • Straddle national boundaries

  • Disrupt the imaginary map of homogenous development


  • Hunter and Gatherer urged to:

  • Pastoralists

    • Animal husbandry

  • Horticulturalists

    • Swidden agriculture / slash and burn


Indigenous cultures are not urged to:

extinguished by natural laws but by

political processes that are susceptible

to human controls.


ad