Nr 322 quick history of gis
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NR 322: Quick History of GIS. Jim Graham Fall 2008. Where does it start?. When was the first time someone scratched a map in the sand? Carved the number of fruit trees on their land onto a plank of wood?. Town Plan from Catal Hyük (6200 B.C.).

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NR 322: Quick History of GIS

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Nr 322 quick history of gis

NR 322: Quick History of GIS

Jim Graham

Fall 2008


Where does it start

Where does it start?

  • When was the first time someone scratched a map in the sand?

  • Carved the number of fruit trees on their land onto a plank of wood?


Town plan from catal hy k 6200 b c

Town Plan from Catal Hyük (6200 B.C.)

http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.missbarbara.net/carto.gif&imgrefurl=http://missbarbara.net/&h=160&w=155&sz=28&hl=en&start=14&um=1&tbnid=KvjKVX9L0flPHM:&tbnh=98&tbnw=95&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dancient%2Bmaps%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den


Newgrange 3300 bc

Newgrange (3300 BC)


Stonehenge 3000bc

Stonehenge (3000BC)


First world map 500 bce

First World Map: 500 BCE

  • Neo-Babylonian (Persian Period)

  • Copy of an original dating to the Sargonid Period, circa late eighth or seventh century BCE


Interpretation

Interpretation

http://www.henry-davis.com/MAPS/AncientWebPages/103.html


Homer s view of the earth

Homer’s View of the Earth


Roman fresco globe 50 a d

Roman fresco globe 50 A.D.


Madaba mosaic map palestine 565 a d

Madaba Mosaic Map: Palestine, 565 A.D.


Plan of jerusalem c 1200

Plan of Jerusalem, c. 1200

  • Psalter-fragment

  • The Hague


Pietro vesconte s world maps 1321

Pietro Vesconte's World Maps, 1321

East


Henry the navigator

Henry The Navigator

  • Portuguese prince

  • Born: 1394

  • 1498 Vasco de Gama sailed from Portugal to India


Cantino world map 1502

Cantino world map (1502)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_world_maps


Piri reis map 1513

Piri Reis map (1513)


First map of 4 known continents

First Map of 4 Known Continents

Sebastian Munster 1544


Medieval map of the black sea

Medieval map of the Black Sea


Polynesian stick maps

Polynesian Stick Maps


Buddhist temple complex

Buddhist Temple Complex


Position

Position

  • Sun, Moon, and Stars?

  • Sun, Moon, Stars and Stexant -> Latitude

  • Sun, Moon, Stars, Stextant, and Chronometer -> Latitude and Longitude

  • GPS


Direction

Direction

  • Sun, moon, and stars

  • Compass

  • GPS (as long as you are moving!)


Recent past

Recent Past

  • Surveying with glass optics and “chains”

    • USGS Topographic Maps

  • Charts and Sextants

  • Compasses

  • Street Maps


Current gis

Current GIS

  • Computers with GIS Software (ArcGIS)

  • Aerial & Satellite photography

  • Laser surveys

  • LandSat Satellite Images

  • GPS Satellite Network


Future of gis

Future of GIS?

  • Interconnected Earth

    • Google Earth?


Nr 322 quick history of gis

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Martin behaim globe 1492

Martin Behaim globe (1492)


Fra mauro world map 1459

Fra Mauro world map (1459)


World map according to posidonius 150 130 b c

World map according to Posidonius (150-130 B.C.)


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