Nr 322 quick history of gis
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NR 322: Quick History of GIS. Jim Graham Fall 2008. Where does it start?. When was the first time someone scratched a map in the sand? Carved the number of fruit trees on their land onto a plank of wood?. Town Plan from Catal Hyük (6200 B.C.).

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NR 322: Quick History of GIS

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NR 322: Quick History of GIS

Jim Graham

Fall 2008


Where does it start?

  • When was the first time someone scratched a map in the sand?

  • Carved the number of fruit trees on their land onto a plank of wood?


Town Plan from Catal Hyük (6200 B.C.)

http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.missbarbara.net/carto.gif&imgrefurl=http://missbarbara.net/&h=160&w=155&sz=28&hl=en&start=14&um=1&tbnid=KvjKVX9L0flPHM:&tbnh=98&tbnw=95&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dancient%2Bmaps%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den


Newgrange (3300 BC)


Stonehenge (3000BC)


First World Map: 500 BCE

  • Neo-Babylonian (Persian Period)

  • Copy of an original dating to the Sargonid Period, circa late eighth or seventh century BCE


Interpretation

http://www.henry-davis.com/MAPS/AncientWebPages/103.html


Homer’s View of the Earth


Roman fresco globe 50 A.D.


Madaba Mosaic Map: Palestine, 565 A.D.


Plan of Jerusalem, c. 1200

  • Psalter-fragment

  • The Hague


Pietro Vesconte's World Maps, 1321

East


Henry The Navigator

  • Portuguese prince

  • Born: 1394

  • 1498 Vasco de Gama sailed from Portugal to India


Cantino world map (1502)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_world_maps


Piri Reis map (1513)


First Map of 4 Known Continents

Sebastian Munster 1544


Medieval map of the Black Sea


Polynesian Stick Maps


Buddhist Temple Complex


Position

  • Sun, Moon, and Stars?

  • Sun, Moon, Stars and Stexant -> Latitude

  • Sun, Moon, Stars, Stextant, and Chronometer -> Latitude and Longitude

  • GPS


Direction

  • Sun, moon, and stars

  • Compass

  • GPS (as long as you are moving!)


Recent Past

  • Surveying with glass optics and “chains”

    • USGS Topographic Maps

  • Charts and Sextants

  • Compasses

  • Street Maps


Current GIS

  • Computers with GIS Software (ArcGIS)

  • Aerial & Satellite photography

  • Laser surveys

  • LandSat Satellite Images

  • GPS Satellite Network


Future of GIS?

  • Interconnected Earth

    • Google Earth?


-------------------------------


Martin Behaim globe (1492)


Fra Mauro world map (1459)


World map according to Posidonius (150-130 B.C.)


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