Training for web accessibility
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Training for Web Accessibility. Eastern Kentucky University Dr. Gene Kleppinger. For the Session Evaluation: Presenter Name: Gene Kleppinger Session Date/time: S 9:00 Presentation Title: Web Accessibility. Here’s my “handout”: www.eku.edu/onlinelearning/waccess. Do you . . .

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Training for web accessibility

Training for Web Accessibility

Eastern Kentucky University

Dr. Gene Kleppinger


Training for web accessibility

For the Session Evaluation:

  • Presenter Name: Gene Kleppinger

  • Session Date/time: S 9:00

  • Presentation Title: Web Accessibility


Here s my handout www eku edu onlinelearning waccess

Here’s my “handout”:www.eku.edu/onlinelearning/waccess

  • Do you . . .

    • have a WARP site?

    • use the Accessible Web Publishing Wizard for Microsoft Office?

    • have a training program to help instructors meet the “Section 508” standards or the “W3C” guidelines?

    • know why doing this to get your attention is bad practice?


What is web accessibility do you care

What is Web Accessibility? Do you care?

  • The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and Sections 504 and 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 require that individuals with disabilities receive equal access to federally-funded programs, services and activities unless doing so would fundamentally alter the nature of the program, service or activity or such access would impose an undue burden.


What is web accessibility do you care1

What is Web Accessibility? Do you care?

  • In 1998 Congress amended the Rehabilitation Act to require Federal agencies to make their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities. Section 508 was enacted to eliminate barriers in information technology, to make available new opportunities for people with disabilities, and to encourage development of technologies that will help achieve these goals.


What is web accessibility do you care2

What is Web Accessibility? Do you care?

  • The law applies to all Federal agencies when they develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology. Under Section 508, Federally-funded agencies must give disabled employees, and members of the public, access to information that is comparable to the access available to others.


Two reasons to care about waccessibility

Two reasons to care about waccessibility

  • It’s a good idea!

    • Creating appeal for new student populations is a good strategy.

    • Giving access to “everybody” has long been an ideal for the World Wide Web.

    • You wouldn’t intentionally design Web pages so that they worked only in Netscape, or only for Linux users.


Two reasons to care about waccessibility1

Two reasons to care about waccessibility

  • It’s a good idea!

  • YOU MIGHT BE SUED FOR NONCOMPLIANCE!UC Berkeley/Davis case (2002)Your Business Management course, maybe? Would a Deafstudent be able to watch the required narrated videos?


Different compliance standards same goal

Different compliance standards, same goal

  • “Section 508”

    • U.S. law, frequently reflected in state legislation

    • Often cited by businesses and govt. agencies

  • “W3C”

    • International protocols developed through the World Wide Web Consortium

    • The “Checklists” are somewhat easier to implement than the wording of 508.

    • Three “Priority” levels encourage progressive work; “you don’t have to do it all overnight.”


These disabilities cause the greatest concern for web use

These disabilities cause the greatest concern for Web use:

  • Visual deficiencies (blindness, color blindness, low vision)

  • Aural deficiencies (Deafness, hardness of hearing, frequency range problems)

  • Motor disabilities (muscle control problems, paraplegia, paralysis)

  • Cognitive disabilities and central nervous system problems (dyslexia, “ADHD” etc., LD, seizures, epilepsy, migraines)


Primary web page defects

Primary Web page defects

  • Images without text descriptions (“alt tags”)

  • Tables with “tabs,” or without column headings

  • “Click here” and other bad navigation practices

  • Bizarre page layout, poorly composed text

  • Color used for emphasis, navigation or reference

  • Frames without names

  • Certain kinds of CSS (cascading style sheets)

  • Poor color combinations, low contrast, small fonts

  • Flashing text or animations at trigger frequencies


Assistive browser technologies

Assistive Browser Technologies

  • Screen reading software (e.g., JAWS)

  • Display enlarging tools (e.g., incorporated in Mozilla/Firefox)

  • ?? Voice recognition software ??

  • Input device technologies (all sorts of devices to substitute for mouse/keyboard)

  • [Nothing to help with cognitive dysfunctions yet]


Blackboard 6 and web accessibility

Blackboard 6 and Web Accessibility

  • Blackboard’s document

    • reviews some good practices

    • explains how Bb meets the Section 508 standards

  • Built-in features (also see login page link)

    • All navigation features, including tests, are suitably accessible.

    • When users add images for display within a page, the Bb editor requests a text alternative (“alt tag”).

    • Chat (but not the VC) is designed for use with screen reading software.


Training for web accessibility

So . . .

  • The Bb interface is waccessible (except the non-chat features in the Virtual Classroom).

  • Content created or edited within Bb is generally waccessible, but instructors must follow good practices.

  • BUT content created outside Bb and then attached or uploaded may not be waccessible, and special software tools may be needed.

    • Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel; Impatica; PDF; Macromedia Flash; all video; all audio; all HTML!


You are not alone and you are not helpless

You Are Not AloneandYou Are Not Helpless


Working waccessibly

Working waccessibly . . .

  • Hit the high priority issues immediately:

    • add image descriptors (“alt tags”),

    • table headings, and

    • meaningful figure captions

      whenever you created new documents for Web distribution (whether HTML or not). If your current software does not provide convenient waccessibility options, find software that does.


Working waccessibly1

Working waccessibly . . .

  • Test existing Web-linked information (such as your External Links) with validation software such as “Bobby.” Note that you can’t use validation software directly with your whole Blackboard sites (because the site requires user authentication).

  • BUT remember that these tools evaluate only syntactic (formal) waccessibility, measuring nothing about the semantics (meaning and cognitive impact) of the site.


Working waccessibly2

Working waccessibly . . .

  • If possible, observe a demonstration of screen reading software such as JAWS.

  • With experience you will easily recognize (and avoid using) page elements that are likely to be nonwaccessible, such as data columns created with the Tab key.

  • Unless your organization demands the impossible, you don’t have to fix everything all at once.


More about working waccessibly

More about working waccessibly . . .

  • Find tools that will increase your effectiveness, not become a hindrance. Complain to software developers when their tools are difficult to use!

  • Remember that everything done in the name of waccessibility actually helps many more people than “the disabled.”


Training for web accessibility

Using the Accessible Web Publishing Wizard for Microsoft Office(U. Illinois at Urbana/Champaign)http://cita.rehab.uiuc.edu/software/office/(demonstration)


Eku s plan

EKU’s plan

  • Policy with “teeth” is under development.

  • As we began creating policies specific to Distance Education, the need for training became brutally clear.

  • We now expect to deploy training BEFORE the policy with “teeth” gets formalized.


Eku s training plan

EKU’s training plan

  • Five modules, initially conducted in live workshops

    • Awareness (including JAWS demo)

    • Validators; Word/PowerPoint best practices

    • Adobe Acrobat and multimedia best practices

    • Incorporating accessible content in Bb

    • Web authoring techniques

  • INCENTIVES for those who complete the training! (required for online instructors)


Here s my handout www eku edu onlinelearning waccess1

Here’s my “handout”:www.eku.edu/onlinelearning/waccess


Training for web accessibility

For the Session Evaluation:

  • Presenter Name: Gene Kleppinger

  • Session Date/time: S 9:00

  • Presentation Title: Web Accessibility


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