Noaa integrated ocean observing system ioos
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NOAA Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS). Zdenka S. Willis Director, NOAA IOOS Program Office 19 September. Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). 70 Member Countries & the European Commission 46 International Organizations A distributed system of systems

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NOAA Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS)

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Noaa integrated ocean observing system ioos

NOAA Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS)

Zdenka S. Willis

Director, NOAA IOOS Program Office

19 September


Global earth observation system of systems geoss

Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS)

  • 70 Member Countries & the European Commission

  • 46 International Organizations

  • A distributed system of systems

    • Improves coordination of strategies and observation systems

    • Links all platforms: in situ, aircraft, and satellite networks

    • Identifies gaps in our global capacity

    • Facilitates exchange of data and information

    • Improves decision-makers’ abilities to address pressing policy issues

    • GOOS is the global ocean component of GEOSS


U s ioos vision

U.S. IOOSVision

  • Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS)

    • Enable rapid assessments of current states of marine and estuarine systems, and the timely detection and prediction of changes in them, through the continual provision of routine and reliable data and information in forms and at rates specified by the users.

    • Complex undertaking dependent on federal, regional, state, local, academic, & private sector contributions

Example of a regional observing system in Monterey Bay, CA

Provide the right information, in the right format, at the right time, to the right people, to make the right decisions.


Background on noaa s ioos focus

Background on NOAA’s IOOS Focus

NOAA IOOS Definition:

The U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) is a coordinated network of people and technology that work together to generate and disseminate continuous data on our coastal waters, Great Lakes, and oceans.  IOOS is our nation’s ocean contribution to an international effort called the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), which is designed to continuously and comprehensively monitor Earth and transmit observations globally.  IOOS supports both a coastal and global component of ocean observing.

Organize for Success

Integrate Data

  • Establish NOAA IOOS Program Office

    • Lead and manage NOAA’s IOOS efforts

  • Support external collaboration

    • Identify and encourage similar data integration, test and evaluation approach by partners

  • Develop an Initial Operating Capability: Data Integration Framework (DIF).

    • Integrate priority IOOS core variables and deliver to end users and models

    • Quantify product improvements


Noaa s organizational relationships

NOAA’s Organizational Relationships

Interagency Connections

NOAA IOOS Activities

Interagency Committee on Ocean Science and Resource Management Integration (ICOSRMI)

NOAA Administrator

NOAA Ocean Council

IOOS Oversight

NOAA Observing System Council

NOS Assistant Administrator

OAR Assistant Administrator

Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology (JSOST)

Interagency Working Group on Ocean Observations (IWGOO)

NOAA IOOS Program Office Director

Ocean.US

IOOS Program Office

IOOS Project Management

Program Operations

Regional Coastal

Component

Guidance & Requirements

Capacity & Capabilities

Observations

Data Management&Communications

Modeling &

Analysis

Education

Research

Leveraging existing NOAA-wide capabilities


Ioos program activities

IOOS Program Activities

Program Operating Plan

Strategic Plan

  • The NOAA IOOS strategic plan will serve as the guiding document to inform business operations and technical planning

  • IOOS Program Office held strategic planning workshop, which included participants from all NOAA Line Offices, as well as NDBC, CSC, NOAA Budget, and PPI

  • The draft plan is in the review process and will be finalized late summer – to early fall.

  • Consistent with IWGOO Strategic Plan

Alternatives & Quads

Legislation

Communication/Engagement

  • Communication: Distribute Z-grams

  • Regional: Visited regions

  • Industry: Briefed 4 Industry Forum

  • IWGOO: Provides ExSec; IWGOO Strategy

  • Interagency: USACE/NOAA IOOS wave plan effort

  • IOOS legislation is proposed in the 110th Congress

    • The House introduced two IOOS bills

    • Senate bill S.950 authorizing IOOS was recently reported out of Committee

  • FY08 Senate Appropriations Language


Noaa s ioos mission

“Lead the integration of ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes observing capabilities, in collaboration with Federal and non-federal partners, to maximize access to data and generation of information products to inform decision making and promote social, economic, and environmental benefit to our nation and the world.”

NOAA’s IOOSMission

Example of an integrated ocean observation system

Source: Draft NOAA IOOS Strategic Plan


Integrate data noaa mission requirements drive data integration needs

Information Needs

IOOS Core Variables

Characterize the state of the global climate system and its variability

Temperature

Salinity

Sea Level

Surface currents

Ocean color

Bathymetry

Surface waves

Ice distribution

Contaminants

Dissolved nutrients

Fish species

Fish abundance

Zooplankton species

Optical properties

Heat flux

Bottom character

Pathogens

Dissolved O2

Phytoplankton species

Zooplankton abundance

Integration

Long-term data series, coordinated in space and time

Improved models (e.g., hurricane intensity, coastal inundation, and harmful algal bloom model)

Improved ecosystem assessmentsUpdated management approaches

Improved access to data, and scientific information

Integrate Data: NOAA Mission Requirements Drive Data Integration Needs

NOAA Decision Tools

Problems

The global climate is not well understood

Hurricane Intensity Model

Coastal populations are at risk from weather, climate & natural hazards

Coastal Inundation Model

Harmful Algal Bloom Model

Our ocean, coastal and Great Lakes ecosystems are complex; many are at risk

Integrated Ecosystem Assessment

Expanding the Marine Transportation System


Core variable integration problem temperature example

Core Variable Integration Problem: Temperature (Example)

PLATFORM

Data Distribution

Archive

NOAA Ship Synoptic

NCDC

NOAA Ship Archive

NOAA Ships

ARGO Delayed data

GDAC

ARGO Profiling

Tropical Moored Buoys

Weather Buoys

NODC

NDBC

Drifting Buoys

DART

C-MAN

SWIM

NCDDC

SWMP

NERRS CDMO

VOS (xbt)

OAR

AOML

CREIOS

NMFS

PACIFIC I. FSC

NWLON

CO-OPS

Single Sat. Pass Data

CLASS

OSDPP

Satellites

Multiple Sat. Pass Data

COAST WATCH


Decision tools integrated core variables for models

Decision Tools: Integrated Core Variables for Models

Process Flow

Evaluate NOAA modelsthat impact highest-priority problems

Integrate variables needed to achieve benchmarked improvements

Quantify progresstoward defined modeling improvements

Identify additional source(s) of error within model

Identify remaining IOOS core variablesneededto reduce error

None?

Selectnext set of priority core variablesbased on impacts to NOAA products


Data integration framework dif

NOAAIOOS Data Integration Framework

Systems Engineering &

Standards Development

Hurricane Intensity Model

Temperature

Salinity

Sea Level

Currents

Color

Coastal Inundation Model

Harmful Algal Bloom Model

Data Access & Exchange

Data Standards

Integrated Ecosystem Assessment

Temperature

Salinity

Sea Level

Currents

Color

External sources of 5 Core Variables (consistent with NOAA standards)

Data Integration Framework (DIF)

Months 0-12

Month 18

Month 24

Month 36

Test & Evaluation

Benchmarked Product Improvements for Operational Use

Integration of 5 IOOS Core Variables

Integrated Variable Ingest for Select Data Products

NOAA 5 Core Variables

Hurricane Intensity Model

  • Integrated information services for NOAA programs

  • Identify observation gaps

  • Validated enhanced data products

  • NOAA’s Data Integration Framework

Enhanced decision support through:

  • Product Enhancement

  • Test & Evaluation

  • Verification & Validation

Systems Engineering:

Coastal Inundation Model

Harmful Algal Bloom Model

Integrated Ecosystem Assessment

NOAA MISSION OBJECTIVES

REGIONAL COASTAL NEEDS

  • Future State:

  • Regional-coastal data integration for

  • Regional scale data and information products and services


Harmful algal bloom data flow

Harmful Algal Bloom Data Flow

Focus Area

Harmful Algal Bloom

Transport simulation

for the forecast


Summary of customer needs

Common Thread

All wanted additional observations and easier access to data

Efficiency gains identified as a result of improved data access.

Specific Customer Comments

Hurricane Intensity

Timely access to standardized quality control data

Access to regional Observations

Harmful Algal Blooms

Improved data transport into “HAB” model

Standard formats and distribution of currents (NDBC and others)

Standard formats and distribution of NOAA ocean model outputs

Integrated Ecosystem Assessment

Subsetting capability and standard naming units

Access to time series data for each of the priority parameters

Coastal Inundation

Streamlined access to latest bathymetry and topography in common formats

Access to timely regional observations

Standard data formats and additional water level data to validate the accuracy of their inundation model forecasts

Summary of Customer Needs


Temperature interoperability test may june 2007

Data Access &

Exchange

Temperature Interoperability Test May/ June 2007

DATA

NCDDC

OGC WFS

WFS version 1.0.0

Color

NWS

OGC WFS

WFS version 1.

CORMP

OPeNDAP

Currents

OGC WFS

Temperature

CSC

Jim Boyd, John Ulmer,

Daniel Martin

W3C SOAP Web services

Sea level

CO-OPS

W3C SOAP

GoMOOS

OPeNDAP

OPeNDAP

Salinity

NERRS/ CDMO

W3C SOAP

Temp

SEACOOS

OPeNDAP DRDS

Status: Report Complete

  • Data

  • Incompatible data formats

  • Inconsistent Data structures

  • Different forms of temporal/spatial expressions

  • Different data dictionaries/vocabularies

  • Varying formats for lat/long

  • Metadata

  • Metadata generally missing

  • Information Technology

  • OPeNDAP servers unavailable

  • Transport protocols generally correct, some outdated


Noaa integrated ocean observing system ioos

Data Standards

Functional Categories

DATA

Color

Currents

Sea level

Salinity

Temp

D

A

T

A

T

Y

P

E

S

X = Addressing; P = partially addressing; ? = under review;

Remainder of the standards reviewed in following efforts


Standard processes all welcome

Standard Processes (All Welcome)

NOAA DIF Process

IOOS DMAC Process

Days

STANDARDS

SOLICITED

0

IDENTIFY STANDARDS FOR NOAA DIF IMPLEMENTATION

DMAC-STNON-TECHNICAL

DOCUMENT FOR DMAC-STPROCESS FORMAT

SUBMITTED

45

DEPLOY INITIAL NOAA DIF

DMAC-STTECHNICAL

REVIEW

NOAA DIFEXPERIENCE

PROPOSED

120

Experience Informs Evaluation

PUBLICCOMMENT

DMAC-STEVALUATION

IMPLEMENTED STANDARDSFOR COMMUNITY REUSE

270+

RECOMMENDED


National hf radar plan

Version 0.1 Standards:  Submitted to NOAA IOOS – in work

The system, by Nov 07, will have 3 redundant national servers plus 4 regional servers that feed into the 3 national servers.

FY07 IOOS Funds  Increased Coverage

Requirement in NOAA PPBES FY10-14 (early in the cycle)

85 HFR Sites x 700 Pts/Site

= 59500 Data Pts

Figure from SCCOOS website

National HF Radar Plan


Regional capacity

Regional Capacity

  • Register produced by NOAA CSC and NMSP

  • 679 platforms registered, 1969 distinct parameters

  • NOAA NDBC processes 2.5M observations (physical)

  • Capacity Exists

  • Integration into National IOOS

  • Optimization

  • Operations, Maintenance


Integrated ocean observing

Integrated Ocean Observing


Ioos challenges

Example of ocean and coastal observation data.

IOOS Observation Registry - many data sources from around the U.S.

IOOS Challenges

  • Technical

    • Not easy to integrate data from many sources

    • Need to provide data in formats and rates that are useful for broad array of applications

  • Program

    • IOOS is not “owned” by 1 agency or entity

    • Difficult to engineer a cohesive and operation system with many stakeholders that contribute to and use the system

  • Budget

    • Fiscal constraints always an issue (no one agency can do it all)

    • Coordinating federal budget requests across agencies is not typical and not easy

    • Moving from earmarks to merit based awards


Summary

Summary

  • IOOS is maturing, but more work needed to evolve IOOS into a fully operational system.

  • NOAA IOOS Program Stood Up – focused on execution

    • In Presidents Budget in FY08

  • DIF effort supports NOAA, regional and other federal integration

    • Standards

    • Technical Processes

    • Lessons learned

  • NOAA engagement with Interagency Partners

    • Through Ocean.US and IWGOO

    • E.g. OOI/IOOS Industry Work Shop; USACE

  • NOAA engaged with Regions

    • Developing processes for long term sustainability relationship

    • Integrating Regional capacity into National IOOS


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