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Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk laj{k.k. Agrobiodiversity Conservation in Great Himalayan National Park. BTCA. Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk D;k gS\ Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk D;ksa t+:jh gS\ Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk dSls u"V gks jgh gS\.

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Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk laj{k.k

Agrobiodiversity Conservation

in Great Himalayan National Park



Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk D;k gS\

Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk D;ksa t+:jh gS\

Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk dSls u"V gks jgh gS\


When any species or cultivar is lost the centuries old traditional knowledge about the same also disappear. It disbalances the mountain agro-ecosystem, farm sustainability and food security.


Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk laj{k.k lEcU/kh xfrfof/k;ka traditional knowledge about the same also disappear. It disbalances the mountain agro-ecosystem, farm sustainability and food security.

uksgk.Mk o rqax xzkeiapk;rksa ds 20 xkaoksa esa v/;;u

uksgk.Mk xzkeiapk;r% ckbVh] /kkjkukgha] ukgha] Mhaxpk] ?kkV] tfugkj] dkepk] [kM+waxpk] ykdpk] jksik] 'kfyUxk] rfyUxk] frUnj

rqax xzkeiapk;r% fpi.kh&1] fpi.kh&2] Qfj;kM+h] e>V~Vu] ux/kkj] uS.kh] rqax


uksgk.Mk iapk;r traditional knowledge about the same also disappear. It disbalances the mountain agro-ecosystem, farm sustainability and food security.:

42 ikjEifjd fd+Lesa

rqax iapk;r:

19ikjEifjd fd+Lesa

  • Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk

  • 15fofHkUu izdkj dh Q+lysa

  • 45ikjEifjd LFkkuh; fd+Lesa


GHNP’s Traditional Crops and Its Cultivars traditional knowledge about the same also disappear. It disbalances the mountain agro-ecosystem, farm sustainability and food security.

Millets: French White (Panicum milliaceum), Ragi or Red Millet: Echinochloa utilis), Red Jhalli (Oplismenus frumentaceus), Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana), Finger White (Echinochloa utilis)

Pulses: Mash of Black Gram (Phaseolus mungo), Totru, Maser (Lens culinaris), Chana (Cicer aietenum), Kohl

Beans: Chittera (urad) (Phaseolus vulgaris), White Chittera (safed urad), Red Chittera (laal urad), Kidney Bean (rajma), White Bean (safed rajma), Kohal, *UI

Barley (Hordeum vulgare): Gundev, Shalai, Naked Barley (Hordeum himalayens), *UI

Pea (Pisum sativum): Farsi, Lincon, Aurcul, *UI

Common Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum): Kathu

Maize (Zea mays): Shatu, Chuhedani, Duani

Wheat (Triticum aestivum): Siraji, Kinouri, *UI

Potato (Solanum tuberosum): Dhankhri, Chandermukhi, Uptodate

Kulth or Horse Gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum): Kulth 

Soybean (Glycine max)

* UI = Unidentified Local


Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk ij eaMjkrk [k+rjk traditional knowledge about the same also disappear. It disbalances the mountain agro-ecosystem, farm sustainability and food security.

  • ckt+kj ls tqM+s xkaoksa esa ,d [k+kl Qly us [ksrksa ij d+Ct+k tek fy;k gS vkSj T+;knkrj ikjEifjd Q+lyksa dk lQ+k;k dj Mkyk gS-

  • fgald [ksrh ds izlkj gsrq mUur fd+Leksa ds chtksa us ikjEifjd Q+lyksa ds chtksa dks dkQ+h uqd+lku igqapk;k gS-

  • tkS] feyV~l] dkFkw] dqYFk dh [ksrh rst+h ls de gqbZ gS-

  • eDdk] chu] nkysa] vkyw dh dbZ fd+Lesa vk/kqfud o fgald [ksrh ds ncko ds ckotwn [ksrksa esa ft+Unk gSa- D;ksa vkSj dSls\


Traditional cultivars have superior traits vis-a-via HYVs: in terms of yield, survival in harsh geo-climatic conditions at high altitudes, resistance to water stress/pathogens, total time of crop cycle, adaptation to local climates & farmers’ socio-economic situations, nutrition value, input-requirements, weed coexistence, etc.


Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk laj{k.k esa gekjh Hkwfedk% dy] vkt vkSj dy in terms of yield, survival in harsh geo-climatic conditions at high altitudes, resistance to water stress/pathogens, total time of crop cycle, adaptation to local climates & farmers’ socio-economic situations, nutrition value, input-requirements, weed coexistence, etc.

  • ikjEifjd LFkkuh; Q+lyksa dks cksus gsrq vkSj chtksa dks lajf{kr j[kus ds fy, izksRlkfgr djuk

  • ikjEifjd LFkkuh; Q+lyksa dh iSnkokj esa o`f) djus dh fn’kk esa iz;kl (agronomic interventions)

  • ikjEifjd LFkkuh; Q+lyksa ds mRikn esa DokfyVh dUVªksy

  • ikjEifjd LFkkuh; Q+lyksa ds mRikn dk ckt+kj ls fyad


  • Technical interventions : in terms of yield, survival in harsh geo-climatic conditions at high altitudes, resistance to water stress/pathogens, total time of crop cycle, adaptation to local climates & farmers’ socio-economic situations, nutrition value, input-requirements, weed coexistence, etc.

  •  Formation of Farmers’ Committees at gram panchayat level

  • Promotion of exchange of seeds of traditional cultivars

  • On-farm Training & Counseling of farmers on Organic Production of traditional crops

  • Exposure of farmers to organic farming site

  • On-farm Training of farmers on Quality Control and Post-Harvest Storage

  • Providing on-field technical inputs of organic cultivation, such as -

  • - manipulations in humus levels according to soil types

  • - testing of nutrients in the soil and balancing them

  • - planning the crop rotation and crop cycle

  • - assistance in planning intercropping, storey culture and cover crops

  • - use of compost, manure and bio-fertilizers

  • - compost making and vermicompost

  • - water harvesting and soil conservation

  • - treatment, storage and selection of seeds of traditional cultivars

  • - biological weed control, and bio-pesticides

  • - other necessary technical inputs


Organic Production ( in terms of yield, survival in harsh geo-climatic conditions at high altitudes, resistance to water stress/pathogens, total time of crop cycle, adaptation to local climates & farmers’ socio-economic situations, nutrition value, input-requirements, weed coexistence, etc.of 7-8 food crops)

Semi-processing

& Processing

Organic Grains

Bean

Maize

Wheat

Horse Gram

Millets

Buckwheat

Barley

Soybean

________________

QUAL I TY

CONT ROL

Agronomic Inputs

Marketing

Procurement of Grains

Business Model


laj{k.k dh pqukSfr;ka in terms of yield, survival in harsh geo-climatic conditions at high altitudes, resistance to water stress/pathogens, total time of crop cycle, adaptation to local climates & farmers’ socio-economic situations, nutrition value, input-requirements, weed coexistence, etc.


laj{k.k in terms of yield, survival in harsh geo-climatic conditions at high altitudes, resistance to water stress/pathogens, total time of crop cycle, adaptation to local climates & farmers’ socio-economic situations, nutrition value, input-requirements, weed coexistence, etc.

ds

jkLrs


Knowledge for Conservation in terms of yield, survival in harsh geo-climatic conditions at high altitudes, resistance to water stress/pathogens, total time of crop cycle, adaptation to local climates & farmers’ socio-economic situations, nutrition value, input-requirements, weed coexistence, etc.

  • Characterization:

  • Size/ color/ taste of the seed/ fruit/ tuber,

  • Nutrition value,

  • Resistance to pests/ insects/ pathogens/ water stress

  • Research:

  • Cultivation history

  • Bio-physical characteristics

  • Ethnobotany

  • Economics

  • Agronomic practices

  • Characterization of cultivars


/kU;okn in terms of yield, survival in harsh geo-climatic conditions at high altitudes, resistance to water stress/pathogens, total time of crop cycle, adaptation to local climates & farmers’ socio-economic situations, nutrition value, input-requirements, weed coexistence, etc.


[email protected] in terms of yield, survival in harsh geo-climatic conditions at high altitudes, resistance to water stress/pathogens, total time of crop cycle, adaptation to local climates & farmers’ socio-economic situations, nutrition value, input-requirements, weed coexistence, etc.

[email protected]

www.grassrootsinstitute.in

www.grassroots.org.in


9418133427 | 09910188948 | 09868993710 in terms of yield, survival in harsh geo-climatic conditions at high altitudes, resistance to water stress/pathogens, total time of crop cycle, adaptation to local climates & farmers’ socio-economic situations, nutrition value, input-requirements, weed coexistence, etc.


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