Measurement of Poverty and Social Exclusion in Japan. Aya K. Abe National Institute of Population and Social Security Research Tokyo, Japan. Second Townsend Memorial Conference, Measuring Poverty : The State of Art, 22-23 January 2010. Poverty Rates of OECD countries(Mid 2000s).
Measurement of Poverty and Social Exclusion in Japan
National Institute of Population and Social Security Research
Second Townsend Memorial Conference, Measuring Poverty : The State of Art, 22-23 January 2010
Poverty Rates of OECVD Countries (Mid 2000s) : Income measure
Data: OECD(2008) Growing Unequal?
Is it essential?
Do you have it?
Do not want it
Cannot afford it
* UK question: “Toys (e.g. dolls, teddies)
** Australia : Community Understanding of Poverty and Social Exclusion Survey 2006 in Saunders et al. (2007)
Data: Japan Child Necessity Survey 2008 in Abe (2008), UK Office for National Statistics Omnibus Survey 1999, in Gordon et al. (2000)
Family Own Toilet
% saying “Definitely required”: 1st quintile vs. 5th quintile
5th quintile (richest)
1st quintile (poorest)
% saying “Definitely required”: College grads vs. Mandatory education only
College or above (12 + )
Junior high school (9 yrs of education)
% saying “Definitely required”:
men vs. women
% saying “Definitely required”: those living in village vs. those living in large cities
Living in Village
Family’s own bathroom
Living in Largest 13 cities
% saying “Definitely required”: Above 70 years old vs. Below 30 years old
Above 70 years old
Below 30 years old
Why Deprivation approach?
Slides 25-XX: Saunders, Peter & Abe, Aya. 2009. “Poverty and Deprivation in Young and Old: A Comparative Study of Australia and Japan.” Poverty and Public Policy, Vol.2, Iss.1, Article 5 (2010).
Community Understanding of Poverty and Social Exclusion (CUPSE) survey, 2006, Social Policy Research Centre (Saunders, Naidoo and Griffiths, 2007).
The Social Living Survey, 2003, NIPSSR (Abe 2006)
-> how do we account for differences in what is considered “necessary”?
① Elderly single vs. WA single
② Elderly single vs. Elderly couple
③ WA single vs. WA couple w/o children
④ WA couple with children vs. WA couple w/o children
⑤ WA couple with children vs. Lone parents
Share of Respondents Excluded, by key social variables
Results of Regression for Social Exclusion Indexes
(Prolonged illness and injuries)