Measurement of Poverty and Social Exclusion in Japan. Aya K. Abe National Institute of Population and Social Security Research Tokyo, Japan. Second Townsend Memorial Conference, Measuring Poverty : The State of Art, 22-23 January 2010. Poverty Rates of OECD countries(Mid 2000s).
National Institute of Population and Social Security Research
Second Townsend Memorial Conference, Measuring Poverty : The State of Art, 22-23 January 2010
Poverty Rates of OECVD Countries (Mid 2000s) : Income measure
Data: OECD(2008) Growing Unequal?
Is it essential?
Do you have it?
Do not want it
Cannot afford it
* UK question: “Toys (e.g. dolls, teddies)
** Australia : Community Understanding of Poverty and Social Exclusion Survey 2006 in Saunders et al. (2007)
Data: Japan Child Necessity Survey 2008 in Abe (2008), UK Office for National Statistics Omnibus Survey 1999, in Gordon et al. (2000)
% saying “Definitely required”: College grads vs. Mandatory education only
College or above (12 + )
Junior high school (9 yrs of education)
% saying “Definitely required”:
men vs. women
% saying “Definitely required”: those living in village vs. those living in large cities
Living in Village
Family’s own bathroom
Living in Largest 13 cities
% saying “Definitely required”: Above 70 years old vs. Below 30 years old
Above 70 years old
Below 30 years old
Why Deprivation approach?
Slides 25-XX: Saunders, Peter & Abe, Aya. 2009. “Poverty and Deprivation in Young and Old: A Comparative Study of Australia and Japan.” Poverty and Public Policy, Vol.2, Iss.1, Article 5 (2010).
Community Understanding of Poverty and Social Exclusion (CUPSE) survey, 2006, Social Policy Research Centre (Saunders, Naidoo and Griffiths, 2007).
The Social Living Survey, 2003, NIPSSR (Abe 2006)
-> how do we account for differences in what is considered “necessary”?
① Elderly single vs. WA single
② Elderly single vs. Elderly couple
③ WA single vs. WA couple w/o children
④ WA couple with children vs. WA couple w/o children
⑤ WA couple with children vs. Lone parents
Almost all items were asked whether they “are wanted but cannot be obtained”, “not wanted (or not interested)” or “are obtained”.
(Prolonged illness and injuries)