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The 30 th Anniversary of the U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards. USSP Annual Review Meeting June 4-7, 2007. The 30 th Anniversary of the U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards. OUTLINE: The Beginnings Traditional Safeguards Programme 93+2 The Present The Future.

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The 30 th Anniversary of the U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards

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The 30 th anniversary of the u s support program to iaea safeguards l.jpg

The 30th Anniversary of the U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards

USSP Annual Review Meeting

June 4-7, 2007


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The 30th Anniversary of the U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards

OUTLINE:

The Beginnings

Traditional Safeguards

Programme 93+2

The Present

The Future


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USSP: The Beginnings

OBJECTIVE:

To react to identified, urgent needs more quickly than could be met through IAEA administrative procedures

One-time funding allocation to solve all technical needs


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USSP: The Beginnings

Firsts:

First Member State Support Program

First Cost Free Experts

David Rundquist, John Foley


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USSP: The Beginnings

Herb Kouts’ (TSO) idea

1975 – US delegation led by Senator John Glenn visited Vienna

1977 – USSP established


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USSP: The Beginnings

USSP Established January 1977

Technical Support Coordinating Committee established

First Program Plan approved February 1977

98 Tasks

Initial Budget: $2.6 million

$23 million spent in first 5 years

over $200 million pledged to date


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USSP: The Beginnings


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USSP: The Beginnings

ISPO established at BNL in 1977

Original Staff

Herb KoutsLeon Green

Clem AuerbackJim Lemley

Cecil SonnierJ. Stangby

Art WaliguraMichele Rabatin


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USSP: Traditional Safeguards

Materials Control and Accountability

Containment and Surveillance

Training

Information Treatment

System Studies


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USSP: Traditional Safeguards

TSCC ChairISPO Head

Chris KesslerLeon Green


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USSP: Traditional Safeguards

Materials Control and Accountability

HM4 – Hand-held monitor

developed at BNL by Marty Zucker

Improved IAEA’s ability to detect Uranium

Portable MCA: developed by LANL

commercialized by Davidson

aided by faster computing


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USSP: Traditional Safeguards

Containment and Surveillance

Paper seal

Metal seal

Cobra seal – SNL and Aquila

VACOSS Seal - Aquila


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USSP: Traditional Safeguards

Containment and Surveillance

Video Tape – digital media

SNL built original system

STAR, MIVS, Gemini, DCM-14, NGSS


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USSP: Traditional Safeguards

Training

1979 – Training CFE Gene Bates started training group

LANL NDA Training for

new inspectors - 47 Sessions


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USSP: Traditional Safeguards

Information Treatment

1977 – Direct cash contribution for IBM 370/158

rental started in 1977

IAEA took over lease in 1978

Xerox 7000 reducing copy machine – for reproduction of SGs confidential computer printouts

CFEs – John Oakberg, Joseph Nardi


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USSP: Traditional Safeguards

System Studies

Determination of safeguards approaches

Technical Support Organization (BNL) – mailbox approach

CFE John Jaech – statistical analysis

analysis of inspection data

surveillance intervals

sampling protocols


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USSP: Programme 93+2

OUTLINE:

Task 2: Assessment of Potential Cost Saving Measures

Task 3: Environmental Monitoring Techniques for safeguards applications

Task 5: Improved analysis of information on States’ nuclear activities

Task 6: Enhanced Safeguards Training


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USSP: Programme 93+2

SSTS ChairISPO Head

Alex BurkartJohn Skalyo

Ken Sheely

Ira Goldman

Lisa Owens


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IAEA Steering Committee

Subcommittee on International

Safeguards and Monitoring (SISM)

U.S. Support Program

Program on

Technical Assistance

to IAEA Safeguards

(POTAS)

(State Department)

Subgroup on

Safeguards

Technical

Support (SSTS)

(State, DOE, DOD, NRC)

Subgroup on

IAEA Safeguards

in the United

States (SISUS)

$

International Safeguards

Project Office (ISPO)

(Brookhaven National Laboratory)

National

Laboratories

Private

Sector

CFEs,

Consultants

USSP: Programme 93+2


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USSP: Programme 93+2Task 2: Assessment of Potential Cost Saving Measures

Field trials in Switzerland by Julian Whichello

Additional field trials in Switzerland and South Africa

Evaluation of satellite, telephone, VPN communi-cation

US CFEs: Jim Regula, Lee ReFalo


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USSP: Programme 93+2Task 3:Environmental Monitoring Techniques for Safeguards Applications


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USSP: Programme 93+2Task 3:Environmental Monitoring Techniques for Safeguards Applications


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USSP: Programme 93+2Task 5: Improved analysis of information on States’ nuclear activities

Field trials of information collection and analysis tools: Watson, SIMS

Satellite Imagery Analysis Laboratory

Numerous US CFEs, interns, consultants, and JPOs: Carl Thorne, John Hilliard, Mark Hollingsworth, Jack King, Frank Pabian, Rick Wallace, Mark Davis, Jack Boureston, George Anzelon, Maryam Tatavosian, Jacob Blackford, Jonathan Essner, Jessica Satterfield, Heather Kopp, William Wanderer, Mark Laughter, Yana Feldman, Kimberly Birdsall, etc.


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USSP: Programme 93+2Task 6: Enhanced Safeguards Training

Environmental sampling

Enhanced Observational Skills by PNNL


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USSP: The Present

OUTLINE:

USSP Priorities for 2007-2008

Significant activities

Milestones


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USSP: The Present

SSTS ChairISPO Head

William O’ConnorSusan Pepper


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Milestones

938 Tasks Initiated

831 Tasks Completed

± 522 Cost Free Expert – Years

> $200 Million Pledged

47 NDA Courses

Capsule Summaries


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USSP Priorities(updated May 2007)

Quality Management

Human Resources and Training

Destructive Analysis

Containment and Surveillance

Safeguards Concepts and Implementation

Information Technology, Collection, and Analysis


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Destructive Analysisto be updated with 2007 info

Strengthen the IAEA’s ability to use destructive analysis, particularly environmental sample analysis, as a safeguards tool

SAL Feasibility Study

Information Management System Upgrade

Staff to support Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy


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Human Resources and Trainingto be updated with 2007 info

Ensure an appropriate mixture of regular staff and extrabudgetary experts who are qualified to meet the IAEA’s technical needs.

Strengthened recruitment of US citizens for SGs posts

Provide appropriate training to improve the technical basis and specific skills needed to perform their job functions.

Development of New Courses (Mostly Inspector Related)

Curriculum re-engineering

Redefinition of the role of SG inspectors


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Quality Management Activitiesto be updated with 2007 info

Support the implementation of a comprehensive QMS that will provide sound safeguards conclusions

Cross-functional quality management program

Life cycle approach to equipment management

Quality assurance and quality control

Continual process improvement

Product quality improvement

ISO 9001 (CFE Provided)


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Containment and Surveillanceto be updated with 2007 info

Maintain or improve the reliability and cost-effectiveness of C/S systems for IAEA safeguards; expand the number of systems that are UNARM; and develop verification methods that help streamline the on-site inspection processes.

Next Generation Surveillance System

Seals upgrade projects

SW and HW configuration control and standardization


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Safeguards Concepts and Implementationto be updated with 2007 info

Support the development and implementation of safeguards approaches and verification measures that address the IAEA’s challenges of integrated safeguards and unique facilities.

Consultants

Novel Technologies

JMOX


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Information Technology, Collection and Analysisto be updated with 2007 info

Support the IAEA in achieving an integrated and efficient safeguards information infrastructure.

Junior Professional Officers for collection and analysis

NVision development project

IAEA SGs Information System Re-engineering Project

Satellite imagery


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Significant Activities

Intern and JPO programs

Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant

Chernobyl monitoring systems

ISIS Re-engineering Project


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Road-mapping Workshops

Data Communication Technologies (October 1999)

Information Security (October 2000)

Design and Testing for High Reliability (October 2001)

Standardization and Integration of Unattended and Remote Monitoring Systems (October 2002)

Turning Information into Knowledge (October 2004)

Safeguards Tools of the Future (October 2005)

Advanced Sensors for Safeguards (April 2007)


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USSP Contractors

INL

PNNL

ANL, NBL

Sonalysts

LLNL

BNL

Stat-a-Matrix

BIL

SAIC

OAC

LANL

SNL

Wyle

ORNL

Time Solutions Canberra Albuquerque

Cap Gemini Ernst & Young

IBM

AWST


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USSP: The Future

OUTLINE: Ideas welcome


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USSP: The Future

Product Quality Improvement

Safeguards Approaches for new facility types

Training for new and experienced inspectors to prevent loss of institutional knowledge


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U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards

What can the USSP do for you?

Address unfunded needs

Identify contractors for special tasks

Answer questions related to project status

Facilitate project management

Recruit regular and extrabudgetary staff

Photo of Theresa and Barbara


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U.S. CFEs Who Became Regular Staff

Richard HooperWilliam LichliterJoseph Nardi

Robert MullerGene BatesJohn Oakberg

Dick OlsenGreg WhitakerBernie Wishard (2)

Bettina BartsiotasJohn Hilliard


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