World Religions. Religion is at the core of the belief system of a region’s culture. Shape how people interact with another, dress and eat. Diffusion of religion is caused by a variety of factors. Some major religions spread their religion through missionary activities.
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Statue of Buddha
This is the Great Buddha Statue in Bodhgaya, India. It was unveiled in November 1989 and is 80 feet tall.
“wheel of the law”
It signifies the overcoming of obstacles, and the 8 spokes represent the Eightfold Path which is essential for all Buddhists.
The Bodhi Tree
Is located in Bodh Gaya and is believed to the spot were Siddhartha achieved enlightenment. Many people visit this spot in search of their own awakening.
The early teachings of Buddhism were transmitted orally.
For Theravada Buddhists, a collection of Buddhist texts is the Tripitaka (“three baskets”).
Were first written on palm leaves in a language called Pali.
Thestatue Christ the Redeemer, located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, symbolizes the belief that Jesus died for human sin.
Bethlehem, the birth place of Jesus, is very important to Christians.
The Bible is the spiritual text for all Christians and is considered to be inspired by God.
Christians celebrate many events commemorating the life and death of Jesus.
Christmas- the day of Jesus was born.
Good Friday- the day Jesus was crucified.
Easter- the day Jesus was resurrected.
It symbolizes the harmony offered by the Confucius philosophies. Yang, the light half, represents the creative, firm, strong elements in all things. Yin, the dark half, represents the receptive, yielding, weak elements. When acting together the two balance each other.
The temple at Qufu
It is group of buildings that are dedicated to Confucius, and are located on his ancestral land. Followers gather here to celebrate Confucius’s birthday every year.
Confucius was famous for his sayings and proverbs. Theses teachings of Confucius were gathered into a book called the Analects. Were gathered after his death.
There are temples dedicated to the spiritual leader, Confucius, even there is no god or clergy.
Followers see Confucianism as a way of life and a guide to ethical behavior and a good environment
Statue of Vishnu
Is the Supreme God in the tradition of Hinduism.
Sacred symbol of “Om”
Is an important symbol for a sound. Om is a sound that Hindus often chant during prayer, mantras and rituals.
Islam is often symbolized by the crescent moon. It is an important part of Muslim rituals, which are based on the lunar calendar.
The Quran is the sacred text of Islam.
Makkah is a sacred site for all Muslims. One of the Five Pillars of Islam is to make a pilgrimage to Mekkah. Practicing Muslims are required to pray facing Makkah five times a day.
The Torah is the five books of Moses, which tell the story of the origins of the Jews and explain Jewish.
Is all that remains of the structure surrounding the Second Jerusalem Temple. It is considered a sacred spot in Jewish religious tradition.
It is used in the celebration of Hanukkah. It is a nine-branched candelabrum lit during the eight-day holiday of Hanukkah
Yom Kippur is the holiest day in the Jewish calendar. The purpose is to reflect on the past and gain forgiveness from God for one’s sins.
It is ten days after Rosh Hashanah. Service ends with the blowing of the ram’s horn.
It is the great authoritative text for Sikhs. It includes contributions from Sikh gurus and those claimed to be saints.
The Golden Temple
Located in Amritsar, the spiritual capital of Sikhism, the Golden Temple is the most sacred of Sikh shrines.
The Khanad is the sacred symbol of Sikhism. It is composed of four traditional Sikh weapons.
-the Khanad, or a double edged sword
-the cakkar (disk)
-two curved daggers
Is a significant festival in April celebrating the new year and the beginning of the harvest season. In Sikhism, celebrations typically take place on the banks of rivers, and participants usually wear brightly colored clothes.