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Sudan CHF 2012 1 st Round Sector Defense Returns and Early Reintegration Jan 18 th , 2012. Background. Over 350,000 South Sudanese have returned from Sudan to South Sudan since October 2010 International community have so far assisted over 22,000 returns since October 2010

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Sudan CHF 2012

1st Round Sector Defense

Returns and Early Reintegration

Jan 18th , 2012


Background

  • Over 350,000 South Sudanese have returned from Sudan to South Sudan since October 2010

  • International community have so far assisted over 22,000 returns since October 2010

  • An estimated 700,000 South Sudanese remain in Sudan

  • Returns expected to continue in 2012

    • run up to transition period to end 8 April 2012

    • lack of option to remain

  • Will need to assist stranded returnees at hubs such as Kosti, given inaccessibility of routes through the Three Protocol Areas


Percentage of returnees to South Sudan, disaggregated by type

(October 2010 - 3 January 2012)

Govt assisted: 174,428 Spontaneous: 158,863 Unspecified: 26,147 Total: 359,436


Sector needs (White Nile State) type

  • Kosti way-station

  • Built for 1,200 but currently there are 9,500 returnees at Kosti

  • 85 – 100 daily arrivals

  • Needs include water, sanitation, health, nutrition and protection services

  • Main hub for those wanting to return to equatoria states in South Sudan

  • Jabalein & Al Salam (White Nile State)

  • 38,000 South – North returnees settled in Jabalein & Al Salam

  • Mostly women and children (70%)

  • Urgent needs include water, sanitation and child protection

  • GoS providing some assistance (land allocation and building of class rooms), but this does not address immediate needs


Sector Needs (Khartoum) type

  • Returnees in 12 open areas (16,000 as of June 2011 assessment)

  • Current estimate is lower but high number of returnees remain in open areas (8,000 – 10,000)

  • Majority of South Sudanese reside in Khartoum


CHF Sector Priorities type

  • Provide urgent humanitarian response including basic services to stranded and vulnerable returnees including water, sanitation, shelter and health care as well as life-saving materials.

  • Address critical transportation gaps for most vulnerable returnees.

  • Strengthen the capacity of national actors.


CHF Geographical priorities type

Highest priority

  • Khartoum

  • White Nile State

  • Secondary priority

  • Three Areas

  • Darfur


Sector Strategy for 2012 type

  • Support and encourage GoS and GoSS to take responsibility for the returns process through;

    • capacity building

    • advocating for and supporting documentation of South Sudanese

    • bilateral agreement on North – South returns

  • Provide and coordinate urgent humanitarian assistance to stranded and vulnerable returnees

  • Provide transportation support to stranded and vulnerable returnees

  • Support reintegration of return communities

  • Darfur returns under Return and Reintegration Sector

  • Early planning for assistance to displaced populations returning to the three Protocol areas


CHF funding is critical right now to meet sector priorities type

  • End of transition period 8 April

    • Possible surge of numbers in Kosti way-station and Khartoum open areas or creation of new concentrations of stranded returnees

    • Lack of routes to return

    • No procedures in place for documentation as yet

  • Kosti

    • Built to accommodate 1,200 but now over 9,500

    • High numbers cause a major strain on basic services

    • Funding required to prevent a humanitarian crisis

    • No other funding committed for transportation

    • Jabalein/Al Salam localities

    • No basic services for returned Northerner community, most arriving with nothing

    • Water and sanitation services needed for 12,000 returnees as some travel up to 4km per day for water

    • Protection, emergency education & psychosocial care needed for 7,000 children

  • Khartoum

    • Urgent assistance need for 8,000 – 10,000 stranded returnees


Value for Money was ensured type

  • Projects with high transportation costs focused on most vulnerable and low staff costs

  • Government of South Sudan and Sudan will provide luggage barges

  • Information on consideration of rainy season on costs of projects

  • Projects with high indirect costs instructed to reduce budgets

  • Ensured overhead is 7% maximum for each project

  • Cost of items were compared across projects – ensured costs relative to others

  • Recommended organizations currently working in project areas – no startup costs

  • TRG scoring format gave high weight to value for money/low indirect costs criteria


Summary of TRG-endorsed proposals type

  • Total Recommended Sector Envelope: $5,127,793

  • Total requested amount: $8,596,217

  • Total number of recommended projects: 5

  • Recommended UN/NGO/NNGO percentage: NGO 30% / UN 70%

  • Total Recommended Sector Envelope versus historical trend:

  • 2006 – 2010: RER received average of $2 million (2006: $6 million)

  • 2011: RER received $5.5 million from CHF in 2nd Round and Emergency Reserve

  • ($4.4 million from Emergency Reserve)

  • Approach to determining project allocation amounts (NOT scoring methodology)

  • 1.Projects scored below 30 not funded

  • 2. Projects with most points received highest percentage of request


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