Fungus. Chapter 19. Characteristics. Fungi are eukaryotic heterotrophs Along with bacteria they are major decomposers Many are saprophytes which means they live off dead material. Most reproduce both sexually and asexually . Fungi are found almost everywhere on earth.
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1. Zygomycota – (common molds) bread, cheese molds & fruit molds
2.Ascomycota (sac fungi) morels, truffles and yeasts.
3. Basidiomycota (club fungi) mushroom, shelf fungi, and puffballs.
mushrooms shelf fungus puffballs
4. Deuteromycota (imperfect fungi) penicillium, ringworm, and athletes foot
There are three forms of lichens:
Predator mushrooms – Oyster mushroom use their mycelium to kill and eat round worms.
Black Truffles – 3 oz $180