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Dyn 3. Ankhwa the Shipbuilder, Dynasty 3. Relief of Akhty-hotep Limestone, 36 1/8 x 23 11/16 in. (91.8 x 60.2 cm) Early Old Kingdom, late Dynasty 3– early Dynasty 4, circa 2650–2600 B.C. From Saqqara. Pose of Akhty-hotep. Pose. Redit/Redjit, Dyn 3. Turin 3065 . Dynasty 4. Senefru.

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Dyn 3

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Dyn 3

Ankhwa the Shipbuilder, Dynasty 3

Relief of Akhty-hotepLimestone, 36 1/8 x 23 11/16 in. (91.8 x 60.2 cm)Early Old Kingdom, late Dynasty 3–early Dynasty 4, circa 2650–2600 B.C.From Saqqara

Pose of Akhty-hotep


Redit/Redjit, Dyn 3. Turin 3065

Dynasty 4


Khufu, Cairo

Rahotep and Nofret Dyn 4




Seneb & Family, Dyn 4

Khafre (Dynasty IV)


Yet more Kafre

Khafre Sphinx

Menkaure: Mid Dyn. IV




Prince (?)


Limestone relief slab – tomb of Rehotep

Relief of Archers

Geese wall painting from Meidum Mastaba.

Dyn 5


Raherka + Meresankh





Judge Mehu




Statue of Demedji + Hennutsen (early Dyn 5)

Nenkheftka. Multiple views.

Limestone false door (British Museum)

Nynofretmin (Brit. M.)

Sarcophagus with serekh design (Brit. M.)

Limestone relief from tomb of Werirenptah.

Nykara + Family. (Brooklyn)

Katep + Hetepheres (Brit. M)

Tomb of Perneb

Abusir Papyri (?)

Unis Pyramid complex (end Dyn V)

Dynasty 6

Ankes-meryreII holding Pepy II (Brooklyn)

Pepi I

Statue of Tjeti. Multiple views. (Brit. M.)

Ebony statue of Meryrahashtef. (Brit. M.)

Servant model. (Brit M)


Creation, the Gods and the Afterlife

Terms (Thanks to Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary, 1975)

  • Egyptology: The study of Ancient Egypt

  • Goddess: n. A female god

  • Deity/deities (pl): n. A god or goddess

  • Polytheism: n. Belief in or worship of multiple gods

  • Henotheism: n. Worship of one god without denying existence of other gods

  • Transcendent: (3) adj. lying beyond the limits of the universe or material existence

Step Pyramid of Djoser

The Egyptian Blue Lotus

Botanical Classification: Nymphaea caerulea

Creator God Emerging from Lotus

Seth Slaying Apophis

Two Gods Depicted as Rams

Amun as Ram

Re With Ram Head

Multiple Forms of Hathor

Hathor with Cow ears

Hathor As Cow

Humanoid Hathor

Two Feline Associated Deities

Bastet as Cat-headed


Bastet as Cat

Sekhmet as Lion-Headed


The Pyramids at Giza

Mummy in Mummy Case

The Weighing of the Heart

Offering Scene

Offering Bearer Figure

Carrying Loaves of Bread (?)

and a Goose

Funerary Model of Estate and Workers


“Scenes of Daily Life”

Baines, J. and J. Málek. Atlas of Ancient Egypt. Facts on File, New York, New York, 1980.

Faulkner, R. O. The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York, 1969

Frankfort, H. Ancient Egyptian Religion. Harper Torchbooks, new York, New York, 1961

Hornung, E. Conceptions of God in Ancient Egypt: The One and the Many. Trans. John Baines. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, 1982.

Morenz, S. Egyptian Religion. Trans. Ann E. Keep. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, N.Y., 1973

Oakes, L. and L. Gahlin. Ancient Egypt: An Illustrated Reference to the myths, Religions, Pyramids and Temple of the Land of the Pharaohs. Barnes & Noble Books, Singapore, 2003

Sauneron, S. and J. Yoyotte. La naissance du monde. Sources Orientales 1, Paris, 1959

Schulz, R. and Matthias Seidel, eds. Egypt: The World of the Pharaohs.Könemann Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Cologne, 1998

Shafer, B. E., ed. Religion in Ancient Egypt: Gods, Myths and Personal Practice. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, 1991

Partial Bibliography

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