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Worshop. Human Trafficking: Situation of Children in Haiti Lourdes Edith Joseph CNEH Denver, June 30, 2014. Plan. 1.   Situation of Children in Haiti (EFA, Homeless , etc.)

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Worshop

Worshop

Human Trafficking: Situation of Children in Haiti

Lourdes Edith Joseph

CNEH

Denver, June 30, 2014


Plan

  • 1.  Situation of Children in Haiti (EFA, Homeless, etc.)

  • 2.     Trafficking in Restavèk (HaitianCreolewordmeaningchildren in domestic servitude) and other issues related to children– prostitution, forcedlabor, etc)

  • 3.     Actions Taken by CNEH to Draw Attention on These Issues


Introduction
Introduction

The lateststatisticsindicatethat 500,000 childrenfrom 6 through 12 are excludedfrom the education system

According to Haitian law, education is a state responsibility. In fact, 25% of schools are public.

  • In Haiti, many children are exposed to hunger, drug abuse, the worst forms of child labor such as domestic servitude, sexual exploitation, trafficking in human beings.


The situation of children in haiti efa homeless etc
The Situation of Children in Haiti (EFA, homeless, etc.).

  • The children in domestic servitude or restavèk represent a number of 173,000 according to a census led in 2002 by the Ministry of Social Affairs

  • Girls: 59%

  • Boys: 41%

  • Age range: 5 to17 years old

    Sources :Ministry of Social Affairs


The restav k
The Restavèk

  • They are children from disadvantaged rural areas entrusted most of the time to relatives or to acquaintances with the promise to benefit from education.

  • These children do all the domestic work with no time for education and leisure. These children may be sexually exploited.

  • Some leave the host family and are found in the streets among the homeless.


Street children
Street Children

  • They are a very vulnerable group visible in Haiti

  • Population: 2,000

  • Boys: 74.7%

  • Age Range: 6 to 18 yearsold

  • Homeless: 26.4%

  • Girls: 25.3%

    Sources: Save The Children Haiti


Street children1
Street Children

  • There are two categories :

    1 - Those who have a home and go out to the streets to work. They do odd jobs such as: car wash, wipe car windows, handling

    2 –Those who do not have a set home

    They are among the children in conflict with the law.


Children with disabilities
Children with Disabilities

Population

Before the earthquake After the earthquake

120,000 1,200,000

Percentage of children attending school

3.5% 0.14 %

Sources: Pan-American Observatory for Disabled, Haiti


Children in conflict with the law
Children in conflict with the law

  • Prison population : 200

  • Boys: 131

  • Girls: 69

  • 94% of them are not judged

  • The girls are not separated from adults in the women's prison in Pétion-Ville.

  • The boys are overcrowding the prison.

    Sources: UNICEF


Human trafficking
Human Trafficking

  • This activity is carried out through nurseries and orphanages through adoptions

  • Thousands of these institutions operate illegally

  • This phenomenon has grown extensively after the earthquake.

  • A network of pimps recruit young people under the guise of modeling.


Human trafficking end
Human Trafficking (end)

  • Haitian Dominican border is known for this trafficking. Children cross the border to practice begging and prostitution or work in the fields with their parents in the Dominican Republic


Actions taken by cneh
Actions Taken by CNEH

  • Teachers have shown some indifference to problems of vulnerable children.

  • CNEH did not know how to approach this subject because teachers are among the categories of people who have children in domestic servitude home.

  • Reflections started from the information provided by the Education International on the occasion of the World Day against Child Labor.


Actions continued
Actions (Continued)

1 - Participation of CNEH in the conference on child labor in Berlin in October 2012

This conference was an opportunity to share the experiences of other members of the EI unions in the struggle for the elimination of child labor

2 – Organization in Port-au-Prince of a workshop on child labor with the help of EI and IPEC in January 2013

This workshop was attended by leader (s) of thirty teachers' associations affiliated to CNEH


Actions end
Actions (End)

3 –CNEH participated in the international conference on child labor in Brazil in October 2013

A workshop on the manual of EI to the unions has helped better understand the issue and have tools to make civil society aware of it.

CNEH began a national campaign for quality public education for all since November 2011.