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The urban green structure development with rehabilitation of the railway rustbelt. HUTTER DÓRA LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT, ASSISTANT TEACHER, PHD STUDENT CORVINUS UNIVERSITY OF BUDAPEST. INTRODUCTION…. The major cities and capitals around the globe are competing for such titles

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the urban green structure development with rehabilitation of the railway rustbelt

The urban green structure developmentwith rehabilitation of the railway rustbelt

HUTTER DÓRA

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT,

ASSISTANT TEACHER, PHD STUDENT

CORVINUS UNIVERSITY OF BUDAPEST

introduction

INTRODUCTION…

The major cities and capitals around the globe

are competing for such titles

as the healthiest, most liveable, ecologic or “green city”.

Unfortunately the urban structure in the historical cities arereally over built

Thereforeextremely hard to develop new transportation sites or green areas.

Nowedays the various rust areas considered veryvaluable sites !

terminology

TERMINOLOGY…

BROWNFIELD SITES*

are derelict or underused

(mostlyrailwayand industrial) sites,

- might have real or perceived contamination problems

Brownfield area is really mosaical:

active industrial areas

abandonedindustrial and transport areas

with closed residence and green sites,

and some areas where the rehabilitation is started or completed

* BartaGyörgyi. (editor): A budapestibarnaövezet

megújulásiesélyei. Budapest, MTA, 2004

introduction1

INTRODUCTION…

BROWNFIELD

RUSTBELT

the really unused and abandonend areas,

large contaminated barricadesof the urban structure

industrialrailwaygreen surface

connection

CONNECTION…

The brownfield rehabilitation

projects always effect (improve)

on the open spaces…

…therefore

on the green network also!

But, how can we make MORE

green elements with brownfield rehabilitations?

let s see the connection of the 2 networks

Well-functioning network has

2 types of elements:

O NODES, AREAS

STATIONS, TRANSFER STATIONS

FORESTS, FIELDS,PARKS, GARDENS,

SPORT AREAS

__AXISES, LINEAR SEGMENTS

RAILWAY TRAILS

GREEN CORRIDOR, GREENWAY

LET’S SEE THE CONNECTION OF THE 2 NETWORKS…

let s see the connection of the 2 networks1

By transforming a few abandoned RAILWAY elements (making use of their original structural properties) we can fill in the holes of the green system!

Well-functioning network has

2 types of elements:

O NODES, AREAS

STATIONS, TRANSFER STATIONS

FORESTS, FIELDS,PARKS, GARDENS,

SPORT AREAS

__AXESES, LINEAR SEGMENTS

RAILWAY TRAILS

GREEN CORRIDOR, GREENWAY

LET’S SEE THE CONNECTION OF THE 2 NETWORKS…

railway ruins of budapest

I analysedtherailwaysystem…

  • and I was focusing on those areas that:
  • are underutilised or totally abandoned
  • 2. are not involved in the development of MAV (Hungarian State Railways )
  • 3. can be integrated into the urbanstructure due to their size or location
  • 4. have great potential in the green area development due to their size or location

RAILWAY RUINS OF BUDAPEST

budapest i selected more than 20

BUDAPEST…… I selected more than 20

ISTVÁNTELKI TRANSFER ST.

DELTAS

VIZAFOGÓ

RÁKOSRENDEZŐ TR. ST.

JÓZSEFVÁROS ST.

KŐBÁNYA ST.

FERENCVÁROSI TR. ST.

SOROKSÁR, CSEPEL

HÁROS

TRALIS OF BURMA

present some examples of the world

PRESENT SOME EXAMPLES OF THE WORLD…

BUDAPEST

BERLIN

PARIS

NEW YORK

… FOR NEW AXESES AND AREAS OF THE GREEN SYSTEM

present some examples of the world1

PRESENT SOME EXAMPLES OF THE WORLD…

AXESES

… FOR NEW AXESES AND AREAS OF THE GREEN SYSTEM

petite centuire paris

PETITE CENTUIRE, PARIS

Paris is famous for its architecture,

reforms, urban restructuring …

and rail transport:

1852- theyopened the 32km longrailway ring

thatconnected the most important

elements of therailway network

By1934 itwasunused, abandoned

… and duringthepast80 years

Itwasexposed to natural forces…

Inthe last years came up more ideas

of the rehabilitation…

petite centuire le sentier nature paris

PETITE CENTUIRE – LE SENTIER NATURE , PARIS

One of the most interesting

low-costecological rehabilitation

between 2 old station

a 1,5 km long green way

wasopened in 2007.

petite centuire le sentier nature paris1

PETITE CENTUIRE – LE SENTIER NATURE , PARIS

It is a simple walkway in a green corridor withmulchpath.

The aim of the project is:

protect and toexhibit the spontaneous vegetation ,

and make a new, unique recreational place in the overbuilt city.

petite centuire le sentier nature paris2

PETITE CENTUIRE – LE SENTIER NATURE , PARIS

It is a nature reserve area,

and servesas an

educational path,

petite centuire le sentier nature paris3

PETITE CENTUIRE – LE SENTIER NATURE , PARIS

Includesthe lot of railway ruins along the way:

Trails,

Stonewall

Fence

Broken stone

promena d de plant e paris

PROMENAD DE PLANTÉE, PARIS

A more complex urban project

Therewas a railway trail from the Bastile (city centre) to the Petite Centuire (ring on the periphery)

It has been abandoned since 1969…

… In 1993 wasopened

the new 4,7 km longpromenade,

which is the first greenway on an elevated railroad !

promena d de plant e paris1

PROMENAD DE PLANTÉE, PARIS

It is converted from railway trail, also the path line is really diverse:

it goes into tunnels,

through cuttings

and over embankments

or viaducts.

promena d de plant e paris2

PROMENAD DE PLANTÉE, PARIS

Therefore there are a lot of viewpointsto and from the boulevards and squares.

promena d de plant e paris3

PROMENAD DE PLANTÉE, PARIS

Connectsnumerous

passages,

public squares,

parks and gardens.

promena d de plant e paris4

PROMENAD DE PLANTÉE, PARIS

The aim of the project was:

Make social, economic and

aesthetic improvement in the

low-prestige district

through open space and green areas development.

It was successful!

high line new york

HIGH LINE, NEW YORK

The elevated railroad was built

in 1930, and closed in 1980.

A community-based non-profit group was formed in 1999tocreate an elevatedpublicgreenarea.

Friends of the High Line, the design team and politician were working together,

The first section of the

park was opened in2009...

high line new york1

HIGH LINE, NEW YORK

Before building it,

they made a serious marketing strategy, spectacular press and design documentations.

By today thereare a lot of books, articles, souvenirs

It is one of the most famous brownfiled rehabilitation in the world!

high line new york2

HIGH LINE, NEW YORK

The line is runs30 feet (9 meter) above the streets

There are manystairs and elevators to connect the path and the street level.

They built a really unique and modern open space network with viewpoint, public terraces, green elements…

high line new york3

HIGH LINE, NEW YORK

They mostly protected the spontaneous vegetation,

but they alsorose up the biological vegetation index with more

extensive and intensive

green surfaces.

present some examples of the world2

PRESENT SOME EXAMPLES OF THE WORLD…

AREAS

… FOR NEW AXESES AND AREAS OF THE GREEN SYSTEM

gleisdreieck berlin

GLEISDREIECK, BERLIN

That was a transit station

which was adandoned after the II. World War.

gleisdreieck berlin1

GLEISDREIECK, BERLIN

The spontaneous vegetationspread out …

with more species than in the Tiergarten.

A new public park was opened on 17 acres in 2011 ,

the other9 acres

inlastyear

gleisdreieck berlin2

GLEISDREIECK, BERLIN

The huge park is in the city centre,

it has good access (to bicycle line, 3 metro stations and

an S-bahn station.)

Very popular recreation area with multiple functions:

Playground, sport fields, cross and extreme field, running path, tribune, retreat places, community gardens

gleisdreieck berlin3

GLEISDREIECK, BERLIN

Every different functional areas have uniquetypes of vegetation.

Forest with bushes,

Parkland,

Huge lawn,

Gravel with trees

gleisdreieck berlin4

GLEISDREIECK, BERLIN

It has veryluminous, tidy and elegant design style.

Therearelotof

concrete,

gravel,

iron

wood

s dgelande berlin

SÜDGELANDE, BERLIN

That is a rehabilitation of a transitstationalso,

Butit is a natur park!

s dgelande berlin1

SÜDGELANDE, BERLIN

This area is not in the centre,

it was an external transfer station.

s dgelande berlin2

SÜDGELANDE, BERLIN

The aim of the project was similar tothe path of Paris:

protect and exhibit the spontaneous vegetation,

But it is notonly a greenway,

There is a largearea with a lot of railway ruinsintheforest…

s dgelande berlin3

SÜDGELANDE, BERLIN

Itopensup a long pathwhich was built in the forest, and runs over the ground

We can observe the vegetation in the original condition.

parc chemin du l ile nanterre paris

Parc Chemin du L’Ile, Nanterre (Paris)

This site is located in a degraded

brownfield, surrounded

ahighway interchange,

a train line,

the Seine River,

Industrial and new business and residentialareas

parc chemin du l ile nanterre paris1

Parc Chemin du L’Ile, Nanterre (Paris)

the Park (2006) is a part of the big rehabilitation intervention

on the urban spaces linking of theLa Defensedistrict (of Paris)

parc chemin du l ile nanterre paris2

Parc Chemin du L’Ile, Nanterre (Paris)

At the entrance of the park,

a sequence of ponds pumpthe water of the Seine

then filter and store it,

Onthe 14,5 acres the park has manyscenic places to seat, relax and enjoy the surrounding landscape…

slide39

Back totheBUDAPEST…Somepotential areas that have similar characteristics with the previously introduced international examples !

ISTVÁNTELKI TRANSFER ST.

DELTAS

VIZAFOGÓ

RÁKOSRENDEZŐ TR. ST.

JÓZSEFVÁROS ST.

KŐBÁNYA ST.

FERENCVÁROSI TR. ST.

SOROKSÁR, CSEPEL

HÁROS

TRALIS OF BURMA

linear elements

LINEAR ELEMENTS

HÁROS,BURMA, VIZA

ABANDONED RAILWAY TRAILS

GREEN CORRIDOR, GREENWAY

PROMENADE

viza burma h ros

PETITE CENTUIRE

– SENTIER NATURE

HIGH LINE

PROMENADE DE PLANTÉE

VIZA, BURMA, HÁROS

viza burma h ros1

VIZA, BURMA, HÁROS

PETITE CENTUIRE

– SENTIER NATURE

HIGH LINE

PROMENADE DE PLANTÉE

areas

AREAS

ISTVÁNTELKI TR. ST.RÁKOSRENDEZŐKŐBÁNYA ALSÓ ST.

JÓZSEFVÁROS ST.FERENCVÁROSI TR. ST.

ABANDONED

RAILWAY STATIONS

TRANSFER STATIONS

PARKS, SPORT FIELDS

URBAN FORESTS

INSTITUTIONS WITH GREEN AREAS

istv ntelki f m hely r kosrendez j zsefv ros k b nya als ferencv rosi rendez

ISTVÁNTELKI FŐMŰHELY,RÁKOSRENDEZŐ,JÓZSEFVÁROS,KŐBÁNYA ALSÓ,FERENCVÁROSI RENDEZŐ

GLEISDREIECK

SÜDGELANDE

PARC DE BERCY

areas1

AREAS…

… OF DELTAS

Huge green areas

surrounded railway trails…

PARKS, SPORT FIELDS,

URBAN FORESTS

delt as

DELTAS

PARC CHEMIN

DU L’ILE

result

With some green oriental developments on the railway ruins

helpingthe urban green structure development…

RESULT…

result1

Transforming the rust areas could result in numerous

newaxiseswith

GREEN CORRIDORS,

GREEN WAYS

And really important

GREEN AREAS

in the nodes.

RESULT…

result2

Transforming the rust areas could result in numerous

newaxiseswith

GREEN CORRIDORS,

GREEN WAYS

And really important

GREEN AREAS

in the nodes.

RESULT…

WITH long term planning we could create such a radial and ring like green structure.

slide50

Thank You for your attention!

HUTTER DÓRA

[email protected]

CORVINUS UNIVERSITY OF BUDAPEST

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