The netherlands mongolia trust fund for the environment
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The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment. Progress Review Meeting Ulaanbaatar June 22 nd , 2005. Outline. Mongolia: Context Environmental Challenges The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment (NEMO TF) Component I: Self-standing AAA

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The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment

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The netherlands mongolia trust fund for the environment

The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment

Progress Review Meeting

Ulaanbaatar

June 22nd, 2005


Outline

Outline

  • Mongolia:

    • Context

    • Environmental Challenges

  • The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment (NEMO TF)

    • Component I: Self-standing AAA

    • Component II: Co-financing of Environment Components in World Bank Ongoing Projects

    • Component III: Project Development

  • Disbursements & Commitments

  • Implementation Issues

  • Next Steps


Mongolia context

Mongolia - Context

  • Mongolia:

    • Is a large, landlocked country (1.564 Km2) in Central Asia

    • Has a total population is 2.3 million (2000 Census):

      • 30% of which lives in Ulaanbaatar;

      • Overall, 78% of total population lives in ger areas; about 60% of urban population still lives in ger areas

    • Is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world (1.63 people per Km 2)

    • Is heavily dependent on natural resources and the environment for its development and economic growth


Mongolia environmental challenges

Mongolia – Environmental Challenges

  • Growing population and changing lifestyles are intensifying pressure on the country’s fragile ecosystems

  • Overgrazing is degrading significant areas and displacing wildlife from his habitats

  • Pollution from industrial and urban sources is negatively affecting environmental quality

  • Human and financial resources for environment and natural resources management are limited, and institutional capacity is weak


Environmental hotspots

Environmental Hotspots


The netherlands mongolia trust fund for the environment nemo tf

The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment (NEMO TF)

  • NEMO TF was established in November 2004, with an endowment of US$ 5.88 million from the Dutch Government

  • It has three components:

    • Bank-executed technical assistance ($ 1.1 million + $ 0. 380 million for contingency)

    • Government-executed support for on-going projects ($ 3.6 million)

    • Government-executed preparation of new projects ($ 0.8 million)

  • NEMO TF represents an outstanding opportunity to achieve progress on environmental governance in Mongolia


Component i self standing technical assistance

Component I: Self-standing Technical Assistance

  • AAA activities under this component focus on the Green and Brown Agendas; specifically:

    • Green Agenda

      • Illegal Wildlife Trade in Mongolia

      • Forest Cover Mapping of Arkhangai, Khuvsgul and Bulgan Aimags

      • Assessment of the Success of Reforestation Projects in Mongolia

      • Updating Nomenclature of Selected Groups of Animals and Plants of Economic and Conservation Importance

      • Conference on Buddhism and the Environment

    • Brown Agenda

      • Tourism development in Mongolia and its Impacts on the Natural and Social Environment

      • Moving up the value-chain in livestock-based industries: Implications for Environmental Policy, Regulations and Management

      • Urban Environmental Services in Secondary Cities in Mongolia

      • Review of Toxic Chemicals Used in Mongolia

  • Total Netherlands TF Financing is US$ 1.1 million


Disbursements commitments for component i

Disbursements & Commitmentsfor Component I


Component ii co financing of environment components in wb projects

Component II: Co-financing of Environment Components in WB Projects

  • Activities under this component complement already on-going loans and grants activities; specifically:

    • Second Urban Services Improvement Project

      • Total Loan Amount: US$ 20 million (an IDA Credit of US$16 M; an AusAID Grant of US$3.35 M, and an UB Municipality contribution of US$2.3 million);

      • Total Dutch Co-financing: US$ 1,850,000 for Community Development Sanitation in Ger Areas of Ulaanbaatar and the Geser Sum Sacred Urban Landscape Protection Initiative

    • Sustainable Livelihood Project

      • Total Loan Amount: US$ 22 million (APL)

      • Total Dutch Co-financing: US$ 200,000 for Well Rehabilitation on Wild Ass in the Gobi Desert


Component ii co financing of environment components in wb projects ii

Component II: Co-financing of Environment Components in WB Projects (II)

  • Dynamics of Biodiversity Loss and Permafrost Melt in Lake Hovsgol National Park Project

    • Total Grant Amount: US$ 1 million (GEF MSP)

    • Total Dutch Co-financing: US$ 250,000 for the organization of the Workshop and Associated Training Program on Ecosystem Dynamics and Environmental Management

  • Strengthening Environmental Management Capacity at National and Local Level Project

    • Total Grant Amount: US$ 270,000 (IDF Grant for IDA Countries)

    • Total Dutch Co-financing is US$ 1.2 million for Strengthening Environmental Management Capacity


Disbursements commitments for component ii

Disbursements & Commitmentsfor Component II


Component iii project development

Component III: Project Development

  • The main objective of this component is to facilitate the development of environment and natural resources management projects; current effort focus on:

    • Forest Resources Management Project

      • Proposed Loan Amount: US$ 5 million (IDA credit

      • Total Dutch Co-Financing: US$ 750,000

    • Retrofitting of Polluting and Inefficient Heat-only Boilers in Ulaanbaatar and Selected Aimags

      • Proposed Grant Amount: US$ 4 million (GEF grant)

      • Total Dutch Co-Financing: US$ 150,000


Disbursements commitments for component iii

Disbursements & Commitmentsfor Component III


Implementation issues

Implementation Issues

  • The Bank-executed activities (all under Component I) are complex; however, their implementation is relatively straightforward and on schedule

  • The implementation of the Government-executed activities involves six agencies, it is proving challenging, and experiencing delays due to:

    • The formulation of the Grant Agreement and financial management arrangements;

    • The need for the new Special Accounts to be opened in bank/s approved by the World Bank;

  • MoF has worked to simplify the disbursement processes for the NEMO TF by making itself the only signatory on Withdrawal Requests


Next steps

Next Steps

  • Take stock of the status of disbursements and discuss/decide about possible reallocations of funds

  • Complete the contracting within USIP2 and SLP – allowing for work to be continued after final payments

  • Define the Forestry project and determine what can be spent (and on what) by December 1st, 2005

  • Advance the work on retrofitting boilers

  • Review the existing timeline for components II and III to ensure timely completion of all the activities


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