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The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment. Progress Review Meeting Ulaanbaatar June 22 nd , 2005. Outline. Mongolia: Context Environmental Challenges The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment (NEMO TF) Component I: Self-standing AAA

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The netherlands mongolia trust fund for the environment

The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment

Progress Review Meeting

Ulaanbaatar

June 22nd, 2005


Outline
Outline

  • Mongolia:

    • Context

    • Environmental Challenges

  • The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment (NEMO TF)

    • Component I: Self-standing AAA

    • Component II: Co-financing of Environment Components in World Bank Ongoing Projects

    • Component III: Project Development

  • Disbursements & Commitments

  • Implementation Issues

  • Next Steps


Mongolia context
Mongolia - Context

  • Mongolia:

    • Is a large, landlocked country (1.564 Km2) in Central Asia

    • Has a total population is 2.3 million (2000 Census):

      • 30% of which lives in Ulaanbaatar;

      • Overall, 78% of total population lives in ger areas; about 60% of urban population still lives in ger areas

    • Is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world (1.63 people per Km 2)

    • Is heavily dependent on natural resources and the environment for its development and economic growth


Mongolia environmental challenges
Mongolia – Environmental Challenges

  • Growing population and changing lifestyles are intensifying pressure on the country’s fragile ecosystems

  • Overgrazing is degrading significant areas and displacing wildlife from his habitats

  • Pollution from industrial and urban sources is negatively affecting environmental quality

  • Human and financial resources for environment and natural resources management are limited, and institutional capacity is weak



The netherlands mongolia trust fund for the environment nemo tf
The Netherlands – Mongolia Trust Fund for the Environment (NEMO TF)

  • NEMO TF was established in November 2004, with an endowment of US$ 5.88 million from the Dutch Government

  • It has three components:

    • Bank-executed technical assistance ($ 1.1 million + $ 0. 380 million for contingency)

    • Government-executed support for on-going projects ($ 3.6 million)

    • Government-executed preparation of new projects ($ 0.8 million)

  • NEMO TF represents an outstanding opportunity to achieve progress on environmental governance in Mongolia


Component i self standing technical assistance
Component I: Self-standing Technical Assistance (NEMO TF)

  • AAA activities under this component focus on the Green and Brown Agendas; specifically:

    • Green Agenda

      • Illegal Wildlife Trade in Mongolia

      • Forest Cover Mapping of Arkhangai, Khuvsgul and Bulgan Aimags

      • Assessment of the Success of Reforestation Projects in Mongolia

      • Updating Nomenclature of Selected Groups of Animals and Plants of Economic and Conservation Importance

      • Conference on Buddhism and the Environment

    • Brown Agenda

      • Tourism development in Mongolia and its Impacts on the Natural and Social Environment

      • Moving up the value-chain in livestock-based industries: Implications for Environmental Policy, Regulations and Management

      • Urban Environmental Services in Secondary Cities in Mongolia

      • Review of Toxic Chemicals Used in Mongolia

  • Total Netherlands TF Financing is US$ 1.1 million


Disbursements commitments for component i
Disbursements & Commitments (NEMO TF)for Component I


Component ii co financing of environment components in wb projects
Component II: Co-financing of Environment Components in WB Projects

  • Activities under this component complement already on-going loans and grants activities; specifically:

    • Second Urban Services Improvement Project

      • Total Loan Amount: US$ 20 million (an IDA Credit of US$16 M; an AusAID Grant of US$3.35 M, and an UB Municipality contribution of US$2.3 million);

      • Total Dutch Co-financing: US$ 1,850,000 for Community Development Sanitation in Ger Areas of Ulaanbaatar and the Geser Sum Sacred Urban Landscape Protection Initiative

    • Sustainable Livelihood Project

      • Total Loan Amount: US$ 22 million (APL)

      • Total Dutch Co-financing: US$ 200,000 for Well Rehabilitation on Wild Ass in the Gobi Desert


Component ii co financing of environment components in wb projects ii
Component II: Co-financing of Environment Components in WB Projects (II)

  • Dynamics of Biodiversity Loss and Permafrost Melt in Lake Hovsgol National Park Project

    • Total Grant Amount: US$ 1 million (GEF MSP)

    • Total Dutch Co-financing: US$ 250,000 for the organization of the Workshop and Associated Training Program on Ecosystem Dynamics and Environmental Management

  • Strengthening Environmental Management Capacity at National and Local Level Project

    • Total Grant Amount: US$ 270,000 (IDF Grant for IDA Countries)

    • Total Dutch Co-financing is US$ 1.2 million for Strengthening Environmental Management Capacity


Disbursements commitments for component ii
Disbursements & Commitments Projects (II)for Component II


Component iii project development
Component III: Project Development Projects (II)

  • The main objective of this component is to facilitate the development of environment and natural resources management projects; current effort focus on:

    • Forest Resources Management Project

      • Proposed Loan Amount: US$ 5 million (IDA credit

      • Total Dutch Co-Financing: US$ 750,000

    • Retrofitting of Polluting and Inefficient Heat-only Boilers in Ulaanbaatar and Selected Aimags

      • Proposed Grant Amount: US$ 4 million (GEF grant)

      • Total Dutch Co-Financing: US$ 150,000


Disbursements commitments for component iii
Disbursements & Commitments Projects (II)for Component III


Implementation issues
Implementation Issues Projects (II)

  • The Bank-executed activities (all under Component I) are complex; however, their implementation is relatively straightforward and on schedule

  • The implementation of the Government-executed activities involves six agencies, it is proving challenging, and experiencing delays due to:

    • The formulation of the Grant Agreement and financial management arrangements;

    • The need for the new Special Accounts to be opened in bank/s approved by the World Bank;

  • MoF has worked to simplify the disbursement processes for the NEMO TF by making itself the only signatory on Withdrawal Requests


Next steps
Next Steps Projects (II)

  • Take stock of the status of disbursements and discuss/decide about possible reallocations of funds

  • Complete the contracting within USIP2 and SLP – allowing for work to be continued after final payments

  • Define the Forestry project and determine what can be spent (and on what) by December 1st, 2005

  • Advance the work on retrofitting boilers

  • Review the existing timeline for components II and III to ensure timely completion of all the activities


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