The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act: Knowing and Implementing the Law. How many children experience homelessness in Alabama?. 11,687 reported enrolled in Alabama (2007-2008 Data) 12,859 reported enrolled in Alabama (2008-2009 Data) 16,287 reported enrolled in Alabama
Where do most of the homeless students live in Alabama?
Shelters, transitional housing, awaiting foster care - 2,681
Doubled-up(e.g. living with another family) - 14,547
Unsheltered (e.g. cars, parks, campgrounds, temporary trailer, or abandoned buildings) - 830
Hotels/Motels - 852
Reference NCHE’s Determining Eligibility and Confirming Eligibility briefs at www.serve.org/nche/briefs.php
Determinations are made on a case-by-case basis by examining the living arrangement of each child or youth
Some instances will be clear-cut; others will require further inquiry and then a judgment call
Use fixed, regular, and adequate as your guiding principles; if the living arrangement does not meet all three criteria, it is considered a homeless situation
Fixed: Stationary, permanent, and not subject to change
Regular: Used on a predictable, routine, or consistent basis (e.g. nightly)
Adequate: Sufficient for meeting both the physical and psychological needs typically met in home environments
States and districts must develop, review, and revise policies to remove barriers to the school enrollment and retention of homeless children and youth
McKinney-Vento defines enrollment as attending classes and participating fully in school activities
The McKinney-Vento Act supersedes state or local law or practice when there is a conflict [U.S. Constitution, Article VI]
Homeless children and youth have the right to enroll in school immediately, even if lacking documentation normally required for enrollment
If a student does not have immunizations or medical records, the local liaison must assist immediately in obtaining them, and the student must be enrolled in the interim
Enrolling schools must request school records from the student’s previous school immediately, and students must be enrolled in school while records are obtained
Schools must make their records available promptly when a student transfers to a new school or district
a Competitive McKinney-Vento Grant each year.
Deadline for application WAS August 31, 2012.