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26.1 Early Years of the War. Main Idea In the first two years of the war, neither side gained a decisive victory over the other. Why It Matters Now A long war can cause much death and destruction and leave a bitter legacy. Standards.

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26 1 early years of the war
26.1 Early Years of the War

Main Idea

In the first two years of the war, neither side gained a decisive victory over the other.

Why It Matters Now

A long war can cause much death and destruction and leave a bitter legacy.

standards
Standards
  • 8.10.5 Study the lives of leaders (e.g., Ulysses S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee) and soldiers on both of the war, including those of black soldiers and regiments.
  • 8.10.6 Describe critical developments and events in the war, including the major battles, geographical advantages and obstacles, technological advances, and General Lee’s surrender at Appomattox.
  • 8.10.7 Explain how the war affected combatants, civilians, the physical environment, and future warfare.
daily guided questions
Daily Guided Questions
  • Why did the Union army have such a hard time defeating the Confederate forces in the east?
  • Why was the Union army successful in winning the western campaign?
  • What advantages did Grant’s armies gain for the North?
1862 battles at sea
1862/ Battles at Sea
  • Both navies battle it out.

-South only have 130 naval ships.

  • Ironclads used as part of blockade, and used to break it.
  • March, famous battle between ironclads (USA Monitor v. CSA Merrimack or Virginia) end in a draw.
1862 war in the west
1862/ War in the West
  • General Ulysses S. Grant, “…hit them hard…keep moving…”
  • Plan to take Tennessee

-Captures CSA forts, Ft. Henry and Ft. Donelson in Feb.

-Opens river route into southern heartland by using ironclads.

battle of shiloh
Battle of Shiloh
  • Heading south in April 1862, Grant is surprised by CSA General Albert S. Johnston.
  • Worst fighting of the war so far.

-General William T. Sherman has three horses shot from under him.

-Johnston killed.

-CSA retreat.

-13,000 USA and 11,000 CSA troops killed.

fall of new orleans
Fall of New Orleans
  • Admiral David Farragut captures major port city.
  • After Grant and his victories, USA almost has total control of Mississippi River.
  • Vicksburg is the next goal.
1862 war in the east
1862/ War in the East
  • After the 1st Battle of Bull Run, new General George McClellan given control of army in the east.

-Too cautious, trained his army for seven months.

  • Moves on to Richmond in March.

-Stops and waits (one month) for more troops.

-CSA reinforces army.

  • Lee fights McClellan, “Seven Day’s Battles”.
  • McClellan retreats.
lee s victories
Lee’s Victories
  • After CSA victory at the Second Battle of Bull Run, Lee decides to invade the North in Sep.

-Force Lincoln to talk peace.

-CSA can rest during harvest.

-CSA can plunder USA farms for food.

-Prove to European countries to support CSA.

antietam sep 1862
Antietam, Sep. 1862
  • Lee draws up plans for invasion of the North.

-Officer wraps the plan around three cigars and leaves them behind.

-Union troops find them and give them to McClellan.

-Lee plans to split his army in two.

  • McClellan attacks Lee’s bigger army at Sharpsburg, MD.
slide19
Cont.
  • In the end over 25,000 men will die.

-12,000 Union troops lost.

-14,000 CSA killed.

-Lee loses 1/3 of army and retreats.

  • McClellan fails to pursue Lee into Virginia.

-Angers Lincoln and fires him that November

letter writing
Letter Writing
  • Break you up into pairs (boy/girl).
  • Write a letter to one other.
  • If you’re male, pretend you are a soldier in the army or an army doctor.

-Explain your everyday life, the battles you’ve been in, the awful things you have seen, & tell the person how much you miss them.

  • If you are a female, pretend you are back home. What are you doing? Taking care of the farm or business, working in a factory, or working as a nurse?

-Explain the things you have seen, the struggles you are enduring, and how much you miss them.

any date 1862
Any date, 1862
  • Dear___________,
  • In over a hundred words write, use your notes and textbook to create your letter.
  • The second letter will connect more because you will exchange and read the first letter.

With Love,

Your Name

Examples: Textbook pages 636-637 and 384.

study guide pg 179
Study Guide pg. 179
  • Copy and complete the study guide on page 179.
  • Use textbook page 398-410 to complete it.
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