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26.1 Early Years of the War. Main Idea In the first two years of the war, neither side gained a decisive victory over the other. Why It Matters Now A long war can cause much death and destruction and leave a bitter legacy. Standards.

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26 1 early years of the war
26.1 Early Years of the War

Main Idea

In the first two years of the war, neither side gained a decisive victory over the other.

Why It Matters Now

A long war can cause much death and destruction and leave a bitter legacy.


  • 8.10.5 Study the lives of leaders (e.g., Ulysses S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee) and soldiers on both of the war, including those of black soldiers and regiments.

  • 8.10.6 Describe critical developments and events in the war, including the major battles, geographical advantages and obstacles, technological advances, and General Lee’s surrender at Appomattox.

  • 8.10.7 Explain how the war affected combatants, civilians, the physical environment, and future warfare.

Daily guided questions
Daily Guided Questions

  • Why did the Union army have such a hard time defeating the Confederate forces in the east?

  • Why was the Union army successful in winning the western campaign?

  • What advantages did Grant’s armies gain for the North?

1862 battles at sea
1862/ Battles at Sea

  • Both navies battle it out.

    -South only have 130 naval ships.

  • Ironclads used as part of blockade, and used to break it.

  • March, famous battle between ironclads (USA Monitor v. CSA Merrimack or Virginia) end in a draw.

1862 war in the west
1862/ War in the West

  • General Ulysses S. Grant, “…hit them hard…keep moving…”

  • Plan to take Tennessee

    -Captures CSA forts, Ft. Henry and Ft. Donelson in Feb.

    -Opens river route into southern heartland by using ironclads.

Battle of shiloh
Battle of Shiloh

  • Heading south in April 1862, Grant is surprised by CSA General Albert S. Johnston.

  • Worst fighting of the war so far.

    -General William T. Sherman has three horses shot from under him.

    -Johnston killed.

    -CSA retreat.

    -13,000 USA and 11,000 CSA troops killed.

Fall of new orleans
Fall of New Orleans

  • Admiral David Farragut captures major port city.

  • After Grant and his victories, USA almost has total control of Mississippi River.

  • Vicksburg is the next goal.

1862 war in the east
1862/ War in the East

  • After the 1st Battle of Bull Run, new General George McClellan given control of army in the east.

    -Too cautious, trained his army for seven months.

  • Moves on to Richmond in March.

    -Stops and waits (one month) for more troops.

    -CSA reinforces army.

  • Lee fights McClellan, “Seven Day’s Battles”.

  • McClellan retreats.

Lee s victories
Lee’s Victories

  • After CSA victory at the Second Battle of Bull Run, Lee decides to invade the North in Sep.

    -Force Lincoln to talk peace.

    -CSA can rest during harvest.

    -CSA can plunder USA farms for food.

    -Prove to European countries to support CSA.

Antietam sep 1862
Antietam, Sep. 1862

  • Lee draws up plans for invasion of the North.

    -Officer wraps the plan around three cigars and leaves them behind.

    -Union troops find them and give them to McClellan.

    -Lee plans to split his army in two.

  • McClellan attacks Lee’s bigger army at Sharpsburg, MD.


  • In the end over 25,000 men will die.

    -12,000 Union troops lost.

    -14,000 CSA killed.

    -Lee loses 1/3 of army and retreats.

  • McClellan fails to pursue Lee into Virginia.

    -Angers Lincoln and fires him that November

Letter writing
Letter Writing

  • Break you up into pairs (boy/girl).

  • Write a letter to one other.

  • If you’re male, pretend you are a soldier in the army or an army doctor.

    -Explain your everyday life, the battles you’ve been in, the awful things you have seen, & tell the person how much you miss them.

  • If you are a female, pretend you are back home. What are you doing? Taking care of the farm or business, working in a factory, or working as a nurse?

    -Explain the things you have seen, the struggles you are enduring, and how much you miss them.

Any date 1862
Any date, 1862

  • Dear___________,

  • In over a hundred words write, use your notes and textbook to create your letter.

  • The second letter will connect more because you will exchange and read the first letter.

    With Love,

    Your Name

    Examples: Textbook pages 636-637 and 384.

Study guide pg 179
Study Guide pg. 179

  • Copy and complete the study guide on page 179.

  • Use textbook page 398-410 to complete it.