Innovation platforms for ca in africa
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INNOVATION PLATFORMS FOR CA IN AFRICA. A REFLECTION. Presenter: Michael Misiko Helena Posthumus (NRI, KIT), Remco Mur (KIT), Mariana Wongtschowski (KIT), Barry Pound (NRI), Michael Misiko (CIMMYT), Jens Andersson (CIMMYT), Bernard Triomphe (CIRAD), Paul Mapfumo (SOFECSA). INTRODUCTION.

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INNOVATION PLATFORMS FOR CA IN AFRICA

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Innovation platforms for ca in africa

INNOVATION PLATFORMS FOR CA IN AFRICA

A REFLECTION

Presenter: Michael Misiko

Helena Posthumus (NRI, KIT), Remco Mur (KIT), Mariana Wongtschowski (KIT), Barry Pound (NRI), Michael Misiko (CIMMYT), Jens Andersson (CIMMYT), Bernard Triomphe (CIRAD), Paul Mapfumo (SOFECSA)


Introduction

INTRODUCTION

  • Conservation Agriculture:

    • Sustainable agricultural intensification

    • Increase farmers’ resilience to climatic variability

    • Address soil degradation

  • BUT agro-ecological and socio-economic factors limit adoption

  • CA requires:

    • Technological & institutional changes in agricultural systems

    • Strong capacity for problem solving from farmers and service providers to adapt CA to local circumstances


Constraints to scaling out ca

CONSTRAINTS TO SCALING OUT CA

So what are the main issues?

  • Emphasis on CA as technology; but for farmers it is (one of many) means to an end for:

    • Sustainable livelihoods

    • Food security

    • Risk reduction / resilience

  • CA is complex – requires change at multiple levels

  • System thinking is necessary. Not only farming system, but also economic (value chains) and institutional systems at local, district and national level!


Innovation research extension

INNOVATION > RESEARCH + EXTENSION

Agriculturalinnovation = process whereby individuals and organisations bring existing or new products, processes and form of organisation into social and economic use(FAO, 2014)

Innovation is a combination of changes in:

  • Technology (hardware)

  • Knowledge (software)

  • Organisation (orgware)


Innovation models

INNOVATION MODELS

196019802000

Technology Transfer

Research

Farming systems research

Extension

Participatory research

Agricultural knowledge and information systems

Farmers

Innovation System


Innovation models1

INNOVATION MODELS

Technology transfer

Innovation system

  • Single techniques:

    • Improved crop variety

    • Fertilizers

    • Improved tools

  • Research is driver of innovation

  • Extension is driver of dissemination / outscaling

  • System change:

    • Institutional change

    • Access to markets / value chains

    • Multi-stakeholder processes

  • Participatory research

  • Innovation driven by multiple actors in system

Research

Extension

Problem: CA cannot be packaged into simple rules for dissemination through technology transfer

Current R&D system (research institutes, service providers, ministries) is divided by technical areas and operate based on technology transfer principles

System change is required!

Farmers


Innovation platforms

INNOVATION PLATFORMS

Current challenges in context of CA:

  • Driven by researchers, not farmers or private sector

  • Limited participation of private sector

  • Focus on predetermined solution (CA) rather than understanding the challenges

  • Limited co-innovation between farmers, researchers, extension, private sector


Innovation platforms1

INNOVATION PLATFORMS

Role of innovation platforms:

  • Innovation platforms address shared constraints in system (e.g. value chain)

  • If focus is on technology instead, innovation platforms often used for dissemination, not institutional change

  • Innovation platforms at different levels have different roles:

    • Local: experimentation, adaptation of solutions to local context

    • District: multi-stakeholder process to achieve system change to address constraints in agricultural system

    • National: task force for advocacy or policy change


Innovation platforms2

INNOVATION PLATFORMS

Role of innovation platforms:

  • Innovation platforms should:

    • Experiment with potential solutions to address farmers’ problems

    • Facilitate access to, and development of, variety of technologies from which farmers can chose

    • Create enabling environment for sustainable agricultural intensification

    • Facilitate connections of different actors at all levels so collaboration becomes more natural

    • Improve access to services, credit, transport, markets, knowledge, technologies, seeds, agricultural inputs

    • Identify strategies that link income generation to land rehabilitation


Best practices

BEST PRACTICES

Best practices of innovation platforms for CA:

  • Village committees in Burkina Faso: platforms to discuss use and management of natural resources

  • Learning Centres Zimbabwe?? PAUL MAPFUMO??


Way forward

WAY FORWARD?

  • Dynamic interaction between research, farmers and other stakeholders at multiple levels (joint experimentation, feedback loops, etc)

  • Need to address economic & institutional constraints to create enabling environment for agricultural innovation

    • Markets / value chains (tension commodities vs farming systems)

    • Access to agricultural inputs, seed policies

    • Create better access to knowledge and technologies for farmers

    • Integration of policies and actors at multiple levels

    • Facilitate interaction, critical reflection & learning, between actors

    • Capacity building for institutional development, facilitation of innovation processes

  • Engagement of farmers as equal partners in all activities!


Thank you

THANK YOU


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