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The Geography of the Middle East PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Geography of the Middle East. The Geography of the Middle East. Satellite Image of The Middle East. Political Map of The Middle East. Predicament : Traditional Middle East? OR Near East? OR Greater Middle East? OR….?. Topography. Large Bodies of Water.

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The Geography of the Middle East

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The

Geography

of the

Middle East

The

Geography

of the

Middle East


Satellite Image of The Middle East


Political Map of The Middle East


Predicament:

Traditional Middle East? OR Near East?ORGreater Middle East? OR….?


Topography


Large Bodies of Water


Arabian Peninsula Bodies of Water

The Persian Gulf

The Red Sea

The Gulf of Aden

The Gulf of Oman


The Tigris & Euphrates River System


TheJordan River

  • Connects the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea


The Dead Sea

  • 2,300’ below sea level

  • Lowest Point on Earth

  • HighestSaltContent(33%)


Suez Canal

  • Completed by the British in 1869

  • 120 miles long, 79 ft deep, & 673 ft wide

  • Connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea


Mountains & Peninsulas

Caucasus Mts.

Taurus Mts.

Elburz Mts.

Zagros Mts.

The

Arabian

Peninsula

Hejaz Mts.


Mountain Ranges in Mid-East

Elburz Mts., Iran

Zagros Mts., Iran

CaucasusMts., Turkey & Russia

Taurus Mts., Turkey


The Arabian Peninsula

“The Arabian Subcontinent”

  • 1, 250,000 sq. miles

  • The world’s largest peninsula


Deserts

NegevDesert

SinaiDesert

ArabianDesert

Libyan Desert


The Arabian Desert

  • 2,330,000 sq. miles

  • Covers 90% the Arabian Peninsula


Rub al-Khali:“The Empty Quarter”

  • 250,000 sq. miles

  • Covers southern third of the Arabian Peninsula


Desert Oases: Water at a Premium!


Fresh Groundwater Sources


DesalinizationPlants


Fertile Crescent


The Fertile Crescent

  • Area of Moist & Fertile land

  • Nicknamed: “The Cradle of Civilization”

  • Birth of various early civilizations


Climate


The Middle East vs. the U. S.Latitude Lines


Climate Regions


Natural Vegetation


Natural

Disasters


Earthquakes


Sandstorms and Dust Storms


Swarms of Desert Locusts!

  • Israel Hit By Worst Locust Plague Since the 1950s!

  • Locusts Swarm the Pyramids Complex at Giza!


Resources


The Natural Resources of theMiddle East


World Oil Reserves


Persian Gulf Oil Exports (2003)


Saudi Oil Fields & Refineries


Kuwait: An Island Floating on a Sea of Oil

KuwaitCity


Leading U. S. Oil Suppliers

The U. S. imports 30% of its oil needs from the Middle East.


Demographics


Middle East: Population Density


Cairo, Egypt: Most Populated City in the Middle East

17,000,000+People!


Desert Bedouins


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