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LTA Conference 19 June 2013. Practical Strategies for Embedding Employability in the Curriculum. http://tinyurl.com/m52us36. Jeff Waldock Department of Engineering and Mathematics, Faculty of ACES. Practical Strategies for Embedding Employability in the Curriculum. Jeff Waldock.

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Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

LTA Conference

19 June 2013

Practical Strategies for Embedding Employability in the Curriculum

http://tinyurl.com/m52us36

Jeff Waldock

Department of Engineering and Mathematics, Faculty of ACES


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Embedding Employability in the Curriculum

Jeff Waldock

Employability

“… is more than about developing attributes, techniques or experience just to enable a student to get a job, or to progress within a current career.

It is about learning and the emphasis is less on ‘employ’ and more on ‘ability’. In essence, the emphasis is on developing critical, reflective abilities, with a view to empowering and enhancing the learner"

Harvey (2003)


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Socrative Student

http://m.socrative.com

Join room jw

(lower case)


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Embedding Employability in the Curriculum

Jeff Waldock

Q1

What 'ability' of graduates from your discipline do you feel has the greatest impact on their employability?

In your response, provide your subject area or the one you most closely identify with, e.g.

IT skills (Maths)


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

QAA Subject benchmark - a 'National Curriculum' for HE

http://www.qaa.ac.uk/academicinfrastructure/benchmark/statements/Maths07.asp

Maths Stats and Operational Research (MSOR)

"MSOR graduates will possess general study skills, particularly including the ability to learn independently"

"They will also be able to work independentlywith patience and persistence, pursuing the solution of a problem to its conclusion. They will have had the opportunity to develop general skills of time management and organisation."

"They will also have general communication skills, typically including the ability to work in teams, to contribute to discussions, to write coherently and to communicate results clearly."


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Example of a skills list ….

  • Verbal communication

  • Written communication

  • Analysing and problem solving

  • Team working and interpersonal skills

  • Self awareness

  • Personal planning, time management and organisation

  • Initiative, enterprise

  • Adaptability

  • Numerical reasoning

  • Information literacy and ICT skills


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Embedding Employability in the Curriculum

Jeff Waldock

Q2

Should these generic 'employability' skills form a routine part of assessed work?


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Students may already havemany of these 'employability' skills

  • Make the tacit explicit

  • Show students how and where in their programme of study these skills are being developed.

  • Raise the profile; Use assessment;

Help students see the big picture – and how each activity they engage with helps them towards their target.

Get students to use a process of reflection and action planning to recognise what they can and can’t yet do, and to tackle the latter.


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Embedding Employability in the Curriculum

Jeff Waldock

Q3: on 'your' programme …

Is it clear how students develop employability skills through engagement with course-embedded activities?

Is this made explicit?

Do you think students are aware of this?


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

"Almost half of all recent graduates believe their university education did not adequately equip them for the world of work” Guardian, 28 January 2011

Work experience matters!!

"Whilst the total number of graduate vacancies is set to increase in 2013, recruiters expect that over a third of this year’s entry-level positions will be filled by graduates who have already worked for their organisations – either through internships, industrial placements or vacation work – and therefore are not open to other students from the class of 2013"

http://www.highfliers.co.uk/, January 2013


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Embedding Employability in the Curriculum

Jeff Waldock

Q4

Does 'your' programme incorporate work-based learning?


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Embedding Employability in the Curriculum

Jeff Waldock

Q5

Can your students articulate learning from work?


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Communication skills

Oral - presentations, vivas, seminar discussion

Written - essays, reports, posters, website, blogs ..

Social networking?

Reflection and action planning

.. articulate, self-confident, self-motivated, self-aware


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Communication skills

Team working skills

Group work, Belbin etc

Student support groups

Leadership/facilitation skills .. PAL

Interdisciplinary?

…. be clear about what is being assessed


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Communication skills

Team working skills

IT skills

Use of software tools .. Excel, Word, PPT etc

Programming .. especially Excel

WWW-related & 'Web 2.0'

IT confidence .. ‘digital literacy’


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Communication skills

Team working skills

IT skills

Career Management Skills

Identification of career goals, opportunity awareness

CV, job application, interview, assessment centre

Outduction

Employer connections, networking

Role models, raising aspiration & self belief


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

"Developing Graduate Skills in Mathematics Programmes“

a mini-project commissioned by the National HE STEM Programme Mathematical Sciences Strand (April 2010 - March 2011)

Further work developing graduate skills in HE Mathematics Programmes

June 2012

April 2011


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Pedagogy for Employability Higher Education Academy, 2012

  • Conclusions and implications for practice

  • P4E should inform the whole curriculum

  • bemade explicitto all participants

    • a ‘pathway’

    • recognition via an award

Action required in threeprincipal areas for success:


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Learning, Teaching and Assessment

  • experiential learning

  • ‘real world’, authentic problems

  • challenge existing methodologies

  • reward employability development

  • ‘parity of esteem’


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Learning, Teaching and Assessment

Authentic work experience

  • contextualises learning

  • integrated into course curricula

  • reflection on, and articulation of, learning


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Learning, Teaching and Assessment

Authentic work experience

Institutional culture

  • employability enhancement core value

  • organisational practices and structures

  • course validation/approval processes

  • recognition of ‘what a degree is for’ – especially in 2013

Need to evaluateinitiatives and approaches


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Embedding employability in the curriculum

Key elements for success:

  • Small changes can have a big impact

  • Make the tacit explicit – there may already be plenty happening

  • Use LTA practice - particularly assessment - to develop employability skills alongside technical skills

  • Engage students as partners, explaining rationale and the big picture. Highlight skill development in all activities.

  • Engage students in reflection and action planning – self-awareness

  • Incorporate work experience, and realistic work-related learning

  • Secure institutional support

  • Reinforce and re-emphasise regularly


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Discussion Question 1

What single curricular change will have the biggest effect on enhancing the employability of my students?

  • Content?

  • Teaching method(s)?

  • Assessment?

  • Do students recognise employability value they are getting already?

  • Other?


Practical strategies for embedding employability in the curriculum

Practical Strategies for Developing Employability

Jeff Waldock

Discussion Question 2

What pedagogic tactics are successful in developing employability?

  • For each approach identified:

  • Do you have evidence to support this?

  • Why do you think it was successful?

  • Who should be involved in the delivery?

    • - academic staff,

    • - careers staff,

    • - employers,

    • - others?


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