Bacteriological Monitoring
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Bacteriological Monitoring Community-Based Watershed Stewardship in Kenya. This workshop is conducted by the Green Belt Movement and Global Water Watch, as part of a project funded by the U.S. EPA in Cooperative Agreement with the Institute for Governance and Sustainable Development. .

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Bacteriological Monitoring Community-Based Watershed Stewardship in Kenya

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Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

Bacteriological Monitoring

Community-Based Watershed Stewardship in Kenya

This workshop is conducted by the Green Belt Movement and Global Water Watch, as part of a project funded by the U.S. EPA in Cooperative Agreement with the Institute for Governance and Sustainable Development.


1 what is global water watch gww and how did they partner with the green belt movement

1. What is Global Water Watch (GWW) and how did they partner with the Green Belt Movement?


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

Water Facts

  • 1.2 billion people have no access to safe and

  • adequate water supplies

  • 3 billion people do not have adequate sanitation

  • 1 million deaths/year from waterborne infectious disease

  • … mostly children

  • 80% of all disease in developing countries is due to contaminated water and poor sanitation

  • Epidemic cholera reappeared in Latin America after a 90-year absence…now in 20 countries!

  • The poor pay the most for water, and suffer the most from water-related problems


2 what is the gww gbm project in community based water monitoring

2. What is the GWW-GBM Project in Community-Based Water Monitoring?


3 how can community members non specialists collect good scientific information

3. How can community members (non-specialists) collect good scientific information?


4 what do gww volunteers monitor

4. What do GWW volunteers monitor?


5 what is a watershed

5. What is a watershed?


6 how does the flow and purity of rivers and springs relate to tree planting and land cover

6. How does the flow and purity of rivers and springs relate to tree-planting and land cover?


7 why is it important to monitor bacteria in water

7. Why is it important to monitor bacteria in water?


8 what are bacteria and where do they live

8. What are bacteria and where do they live?


9 what kinds of benefits and problems do bacteria cause

9. What kinds of benefits and problems do bacteria cause?


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

Campylobacter

Shigella

Listeria


10 why is the bacterium e coli of special interest

10. Why is the bacterium, E. coli of special interest?


11 how are e coli related to other bacteria

11. How are E. coli related to other bacteria?


12 where does e coli come from

12. Where does E. coli come from?


13 how does e coli get into water and what does this indicate

13. How does E. coli get into water and what does this indicate?


14 what are the characteristics of a good water monitoring site

14. What are the characteristics of a good water monitoring site?


15 why do we determine the gis data geo reference for each sampling site

15. Why do we determine the GIS data (geo-reference) for each sampling site?


16 how can we test water for e coli

16. How can we test water for E. coli?


17 what are the parts of the test kit for e coli

17. What are the parts of the test kit for E. coli?


18 how is each part of the sample kit used and labeled

18. How is each part of the sample kit used and labeled?


19 how is the dropper used to collect a good water sample

19. How is the dropper used to collect a good water sample?


20 what is in the sample bottle and how does it indicate the presence of e coli

20. What is in the sample bottle and how does it indicate the presence of E. coli?


21 how does the plate work and why does the medium become solid when poured into the plate

21. How does the plate work and why does the medium become solid when poured into the plate?


22 what is done with the water sample after it is put into the plate

22. What is done with the water sample after it is put into the plate?


23 why and how are e coli samples incubated

23. Why and how are E. coli samples incubated?


24 what happens to the e coli when the sample is incubated

24. What happens to the E. coli when the sample is incubated?

29 - 37 

24–48 hours


25 how is the number of e coli determined from the incubated plates

25. How is the number of E. coli determined from the incubated plates?


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

Determine Results

Reading, counting and interpreting bacteriological plates


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

Counting Exercise

  • E. Coli = E/V x 100

  • E. Coli = 7/1 x 100

  • E. Coli = 7 x 100

  • E. Coli = 700


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

Cleanup


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

26. What amount of E. coli in water is safe for human contact and drinking?


27 how can the e coli data teach us about what is happening in a watershed

27. How can the E. coli data teach us about what is happening in a watershed?


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

Community Watershed Map on Floor


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

Plates on Map with Data Sheets


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

Monitors Analyze Their Samples


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

Disturbing Trends!

40

42

38


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

Encouraging Trends!

40

42

38


28 how can we use this information to improve watersheds and drinking water quality

28. How can we use this information to improve watersheds and drinking water quality?


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

29. How can we share this information with our family, friends, neighbors, educators, students, government officials, and the public?


30 what are the next steps for the gww gbm project and community involvement

30. What are the next steps for the GWW-GBM project and community involvement?


Bacteriological monitoring community based watershed stewardship in kenya

Global Water Watch and

Green Belt Movement Project

Community-Based Watershed Stewardship in Kenya

Bacteriological Monitoring Workshop

March 2014


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