Nationalism in Germany. Two essay questions: Reasons for growth of German Nationalism , e.g. “How important were cultural factors in the growth of national feeling in Germany between 1815 and 1850?” (2011)
Factors That Led to the Growth of German Nationalism 1815 – 1850
Between 1800 and 1815 the German states had been conquered by the French leader Napoleon Bonaparte.
Napoleon merged the hundreds of German states into 38 larger states called the Confederation of the Rhine.
In 1815 Austria was the strongest European mainland power but new ideas like liberalism and nationalism threatened the unity of the Austrian Empire.
The man associated with protecting the unity and power of the Austrian Empire was Prince Metternich.