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Beijing. Asia Broadband Summit. Broadband Networks - Overview -. 2003. 12. 7 Ki lnam Chon [email protected] Broadband Internet is Asian Phenomenon. Contents.

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2003. 12. 7 Ki lnam Chon [email protected]

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2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

Beijing

Asia

Broadband

Summit

Broadband Networks

- Overview -

2003. 12. 7

Kilnam Chon

[email protected]


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

Broadband Internet is

Asian Phenomenon


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

Contents

1. Broadband Networks2. Current Status of Internet3. International Internet Bandwidth4. Broadband Backbone Network-Bandwidth5. Broadband Access6. Broadband Applications7. Current Status of Broadband Access

8. Country Report

9. What’s Next?Reference


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

1. Broadband Networks

Broadband Backbone NetworkBroadband AccessBroadband Application


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

2. Current Status of Internet Internet Population (in million)

Canada & USA  183 Europe        186 Asia           168

             Latin America 33

Middle East 5

Africa 6

Total 580

(Feb. 2003, www.nua.ie )


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

3. International Internet Bandwidth3.1 Intercontinental Internet Bandwidth

162Gbps

North

America

Europe

Asia

42Gbps

1.2Gbps

14Gbps

0.4Gbps

Latin

America

Africa

0.8Gbps

Telegeography 2001


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

3.2 InternationalBandwidth for Asian Countries

North

America

1.17Gbps

Europe

0.1Gbps

1.64Gbps

3.65Gbps

3.73Gbps

China

Taiwan

2.56Gbps

18.03Gbps

0.39Gpps

0.37Gbps

0.10Gbps

0.53Gbps

Korea

0.95Gpps

Philippines

0.06Gbps

Japan

0.54Gbps

0.15Gbps

0.65Gbps

Hong Kong

1.93Gbps

0.07Gbps

Malaysia

1.03Gbps

0.02Gbps

0.40Gbps

India

Singapore

ASIA

Telegeography 2001


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

0.6 Gbps 2.5 Gbps                           10 Gbps 40 Gbps        1 Gbps Remark: Lambda Networking Optical Internet

4. Broadband Backbone Network- Bandwidth


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

5. Broadband Access

5.1 Wireline 5.2 Wireless 5.3 Broadband Penetration 5.4 Broadband Access(2003)

5.5 Top 30 Hub Cities


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

5.1 Wireline

(1) Dialup    ~ 64 Kbps

 (2) DSL/Cable 0.1 ~ 40 MbpsCable 1~10 Mbps(shared)      ADSL  1~8  Mbps(dedicated)      VDSL    20~50 Mbps or more(dedicated)

(3) Ethernet   100 Mbps ~ 10 Gbps(dedicated)


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

5.2 Wireless

(1) Wireless LAN 

        802.11b 11 Mbps(shared)        802.11a         54 Mbps(shared) 802.11g54 Mbps(shared)

802.16 50 Mbps(shared)

802.20 2 Mbps with mobility(shared)

 (2) Mobile Phone

2.5~3G   0.1~2 Mbps         4G   20~50 Mbps


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

5.3

Source : ITU

Note : Data for Canada and United States are estimates.


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

5.4 Broadband Access (2003)

Economy       Subscribers Per Capital Per Household   Growth RateKorea      10 million   21% 75% ~20%Hong Kong 1 million 15% > 100%

Taiwan  2.5 million       11% >100~300%

Canada   2.5 million       11% 36% ~20%Japan      11 million    9% 27% >100~300%Singapore 0.3 million 7% ~20%USA        16 million      7% 18% ~20%

Remark:

 China is catching up, in particular among big cities.   Korea, Canada and Sweden are leading in LAN(100 Mbps)

Source : Wall Street Journal (2003.10.13), ITU (2003.4.7) and Others


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

6. Broadband Applications

6.1 Classification

6.2 "Killer Application“ 6.3 Case Study - Korea 6.4 Next Generation Broadband Applications


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

6.1 Classification

(1) General Internet Access- Browsing    - Messaging    - File Downloading    - Games(2) Audio and Video- Audio Delivery    - Internet Telephony    - Video Delivery    - Video Conference(3) New Applications- Peer-to-Peer Applications    - Distributed Work     - Distance Learning    - Home Content


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

6.2 "Killer Application"

All countries are looking for "KILLER APPLICATIONS" now.General consensus is multimedia,in particular video such asTelevision  Movie  Video Conference


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

6.3 Case Study - Korea

6.3.1 Killer Applications - First Wave   (1) Heavy Internet users(always on)     (2) Adult content     (3) Stock exchange(Day Trader)     (4) Online game 6.3.2 Killer Applications - Second Wave

     (1) Broadband Portal     (2) Education     (3) Music     (4) Movie     (5) Television Program


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

6.4 Next Generation Broadband Applications

( or Why do we need Gigabit Ethernet? )

(1) Higher Definition Video

Streaming

Down loading

(2) High Definition Video Conferencing and Class

(3) High Definition Online Game

(4) Bulk File Transfer

(5) P2P

(more to come)


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

7. Current Status of Broadband Access

  • Broadband access with always-on capability

  • becomes social infrastructure in Korea with

  • other Asian countries following.

  • (like telephone, and television)

  • Virus and intrusion become serious social

  • problems since general users with always-on

  • connection are not ready for these problems.


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

8. Country Report 8.1 Korea

(1) Broadband Is Fully Deployed    - 60% of household    - Dialup has become "horse carriage"    - Broadband become social infrastructure like       telephone or automobile or television(2) Looking for Next Generation Broadband    - VDSL(>10 Mbps) vs FTTH(100 Mbps~)    - LAN(~FTTB) deployment at 10~15%(3) Side Effects    - Intrusion    - Virus(4) Mobile and Wireless     - Mobile Internet is taking off    - Major deployment of wireless LAN


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

8.2 Japan

(1) Fast Growth in 2002     3 millions --> 8 millions (--> 11 millions in 2003)

     Tough price competition (~ $20/month)

(2) Looking for Killer Applications     VoIP     Video(3) Mobile Internet     50% penetration     2.5G/3G are taking off


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

8.3 Greater China

(1) Internet is Taking Off in China     57 millions in 2002(2nd after USA)     Expected to take over USA in 2005     Beijing and Shanghai are similar to Korea and Japan(2) Hong Kong and Taiwan Are Following Korean Pattern     ~10% penetration and taking off


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

8.4 Singapore

(1) Internet Is Fully Deployed(2) Broadband Penetration Is Around 10%


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

8.5 South/South East Asia

DSL and/or Cable Modem are coming up.


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

9. What’s Next?

9.1 Next Generation Broadband Access

VDSL ( 20~100 Mbps)

FTTH ( 100Mbps ~ 1 Gbps )Remark : Looking for “killer applications”

Digital Video, Interactive Video, …

Replacing wired telephone

(and television ?)


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

“Broadbandization” of wireline and wireless networks

Integration of wireline and wireless networks

Networking everything

9.2 Ubiquitous Network

. RFID


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

9.3 Wireless Network

Integration or Natural Selection

Mobile Phone

Wireless LAN

Bluetooth    RFID


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

9.4 Lambda Networking: Global Research Community

European lambdas to US

–8 GigEs Amsterdam—Chicago

–8 GigEs London—Chicago

Canadian lambdas to US

–8 GigEsChicago-Canada-NYC

–8 GigEs Chicago-Canada-Seattle

US lambdas to Europe

–4 GigEs Chicago—Amsterdam

–3 GigEs Chicago—CERN

European lambdas

–8 GigEs Amsterdam—CERN

–2 GigEs Prague—Amsterdam

–2 GigEs Stockholm—Amsterdam

–8 GigEs London—Amsterdam

TransPAC lambda (yellow)

–1 GigE Chicago—Tokyo

IEEAF lambdas (blue)

–8 GigEs NYC—Amsterdam

–8 GigEs Seattle—Tokyo


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

9.5 Lambda Networks in Asia

100 Gbps

Europe

USA

10Gbps

35Gbps

Russia

Korea

5Gbps

1~2.5 Gbps(?)

2Gbps

10Gbps

Japan

China

Taiwan

2.5Gbps

3~5Gbps

Hong Kong


2003 12 7 ki lnam chon chon cosmos kaist ac kr

Reference

Kilnam Chon, The Internet: Asian Perspective, Stanford, 2002.9.26.

Kilnam Chon, Broadband In Asia, ESI, DC, 2001.10.5.ESI,Broadband:Opportunities & Challenges for Telecom Industry, DC, 2002.3.11.ITU, Promoting Broadband, April 2003.NCA, Broadband Internet in Korea, 2002.CSTB/NRC, Broadband : Bringing home the bits, 2002.

YT Lee, Broadband Network in Korea, Asia-Pacific Broadband Summit, Tokyo,2002.10.17


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