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The 1960s. The Social, Political, Economic, Environmental, Cultural, Historical Significance of the Sixties S.P.E.E.C.H. New Jersey State Standards: . Postwar Years (1945-1970s).

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The 1960s

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The 1960s

The 1960s

The Social, Political, Economic, Environmental, Cultural, Historical Significance of the Sixties


New jersey state standards postwar years 1945 1970s

New Jersey State Standards:. Postwar Years (1945-1970s)

  • Analyze United States foreign policy during the Cold War period, including US/USSR relations, United States reaction to the Soviet subjugation of Eastern Europe, the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, the Korean and Vietnam Wars, and relations with China.

  • Analyze political trends in post war America, including major United States Supreme Court decisions and the administrations of Harry Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, and Lyndon B. Johnson.

  • Analyze the Civil Rights and Women's Movements, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the Civil Rights Act (1957 and 1964), the Little Rock Schools Crisis, the Voting Rights Act, Brown v. Board of Education, the formation of the National Council of La Raza (NCLR), the American Indian Movement (AIM), the formation of the National Organization for Women (NOW), and the passing of Title IX.

Every generation needs new revolution

“Every generation needs new revolution”

Thomas Jefferson:

Changing times

Changing Times

The American Revolution, Constitution period, War of 1812, Mexican War, Civil War, World War I, Great Depression, World War II, 1960s, and the New Economy of the 80s

The sixties

The Sixties

Popular Culture, Counter Culture, Social Revolution, Swinging Sixties, New Right, New Left, Anti-war Movement, Civil Rights,

Women’s Movement, Summer of Love

Facts about this decade

Facts about this decade 

Population 177,830,000

Unemployment 3,852,000

National Debt 286.3 Billion

Average Salary $4,743

Teacher's Salary $5,174

Average Minimum Wage $1.00

Life Expectancy:  Males 66.6 years, Females 73.1 years

Auto deaths 21.3 per 100,000

The sixties counterculture

The Sixties: Counterculture

Sociological term used to describe the values and behaviors of a cultural group, or subgroup that run counter to the social mainstream.

In the United States, the term became popular in the 1960s to refer to the social revolution that swept through the nation.

The sixties counterculture1

The Sixties: Counterculture

The counterculture of the 1960s included young people’s rejection of:

Conventional social norms

Political segregation

Vietnam War

The sixties counterculture2

The Sixties: Counterculture

Members of the counterculture were predominately white upper middle class youth.

They were the first group of young people who had sufficient leisure time to raise concerns about social issues.

Civil Rights, Vietnam War, Women’s Rights, Sexual Liberation, Drug use

The sixties counterculture3

The Sixties: Counterculture

The Generation Gap

As the Sixties progressed tensions developed along generational lines.

Vietnam War

Race relations


Drug use


Materialistic view of the American Dream

Over 30

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The Sixties: Counterculture

Students for a Democratic Society, SDS

The Port Huron Statement

June 15, 1962, written by Tom Hayden

… a manifesto by the SDS that attacked racial bigotry, poverty, nuclear weapons, etc.

It was also an attack on Pres. Kennedy’s foreign policy

Unofficial response to the Sharon Statement



The vietnam war

The Vietnam War

Dien Bien Phu, 1954

Geneva Peace Conference, Geneva Accords

17th Parallel:

North: Democratic Republic of Vietnam

Ho Chi Ming

South: The Republic of Vietnam

Ngo Dinh Diem

The vietnam war1

The Vietnam War

Fighting between the North and South

The United States aided the South


Gulf of Tonkin incident

Domino Theory

US vs. Soviet Union and Communist China

The vietnam war2

The Vietnam War

Public Opinion

Tet Offensive

My Lai Massacre

Major Colin Powell

Conscientious Objector

The sixties anti war movement

The Sixties: Anti-war movement

The anti-war movement rose out of the 1950s peace movement

1965 bombing of North Vietnam

The draft

Universities became the focal point but the movement had become broad based

Teach-ins, Sit-ins

Kent State shootings

The sixties anti war movement1

The Sixties: Anti-war movement

The sixties anti war movement2

The Sixties: Anti-war movement

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The Sixties: Anti-war movement

Kent State Shootings: May 4, 1970



Medgar Evers

John F Kennedy

Malcolm X

Martin Luther King

Robert Kennedy

The sixties civil right movement

The Sixties: Civil Right Movement

The sixties civil right movement1

The Sixties: Civil Right Movement

Race riots

Race Riots


New York City, New York - July

Philadelphia 1964 race riot; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - August


Watts Riot; Los Angeles, California - August


Cleveland, Ohio - July

San Francisco

Chicago Race Riot -January


Newark, New Jersey - July

Detroit, Michigan - July

Milwaukee, Wisconsin - July 30-31

Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota - August


Baltimore riot of 1968; Baltimore Maryland

Washington, D.C. riots; Washington, D.C.

New York City, New York

The sixties feminist movement

The Sixties: Feminist Movement

Presidential Commission on the Status of Women

Equal Pay Act of 1963

The Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan

NOW: National Organization for Women

“ full and equal partnership with men”

The sixties feminist movement1

The Sixties: Feminist Movement

The sixties new left

The Sixties: New Left

C. Wright Mills



Students for a Democratic Society

Noam Chomsky, Tom Hayden, Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin

The new right

The New Right

Silent Majority

Most youth in the Sixties were not counter culture.

Conservative Concerns:

Affirmative Action, busing, anti war demonstrations, big gover’t and taxes

The election of 1968

Conservative religious right

The sixties popular culture

The Sixties: Popular Culture

Youth and sex

Beatniks to hippies

Recreational drug use

Artistic and spiritual epiphany

….. addictions and deaths

The sixties legacy

The Sixties: Legacy

Conservative Views

Congressman Dick Armey “everything bad comes from the 1960s.”

End of bipartisanship in foreign policy

Vietnam Syndrome

Traditional family values lost

“poverty of values”

Pres. Johnson’s “Great Society” failed

The sixties legacy1

The Sixties: Legacy

Liberal Views

Political Activism

Equal Rights: 1964, 1965

“culture of excess”

Vietnam Syndrome

Pres. Johnson’s “Great Society”

More inclusive and tolerant society

The sixties1

The Sixties

Both Conservatives and Liberals agree:

The Sixties influence still felt today

Novelist William Faulkner:

“ the past is not dead. It’s not even past”.

The sixties music

The Sixties: Music

Changes in popular music: Doo Wop to Rock and Roll

Elvis, Bill Haley, Buddy Holly, Little Richard

Singer song writers: Bob Dylan, Lennon-McCarthy, Brian Wilson

Social implications: music and the musicians

lifestyles, fashions, attitudes, and language

Motown, British Invasion, Surf Sound, Acid Rock

The musicians

The Musicians

The musicians1

The Musicians

The sixties music1

The Sixties: Music

The sixties music2

The Sixties: Music

The sixties music3

The Sixties: Music

Social implications

Music and the musicians

rock music influenced lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, and language

It appealed to the baby boomer generation

The artists

The Artists

The sixties references

The Sixties: References

Neale, Jonathan, The American War

Brian Longhurst, Popular music and society

Paul Lyons, New Left, New Right, and the Legacy of the Sixties

James Farrell, The Spirit of the Sixties

Michael W. Flamm, David Steigerwald, Debating the 1960s

Icons of the sixties

Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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Icons of the Sixties

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