Milwaukee area technical college new strategies for cultivating workers in a global environment
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Milwaukee Area Technical College: New Strategies for Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment. David B. Turner Dean Milwaukee Area Technical College. Overview.

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Milwaukee area technical college new strategies for cultivating workers in a global environment

Milwaukee Area Technical College: New Strategies for Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

David B. Turner

Dean

Milwaukee Area Technical College


Overview
Overview Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

  • Vocational education evolved from guilds to a publicly- supported higher educational system with the capacity to offer solutions to social concerns

  • Community/technical college fill a unique role that four year colleges and universities cannot fill-offering a pipeline for a timely, well qualified workforce

  • Technology caused global issues

    • Boarders not a safe haven

    • Competition from small countries

    • Changing demographics

      • Skilled worker shortages

      • Graduation gap

      • Changing demographics

      • Global competition


Overview cont
Overview Cont… Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

  • Community college strengths are rooted in the population it serves with their differing goals

  • Milwaukee Area Technical College

    has demonstrated innovation in cultivating a workforce for the global economy by:

    Working with businesses for

    Program review

    Developing tailor-made programs


Overview cont1
Overview Cont… Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

  • Providing students with opportunities to test their interest

  • Reaching out to non-traditional students

  • Making education and training available at multiple sites

  • Flexible course offerings

  • User-friendly: focus on learning styles


Historical origins
Historical Origins Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

  • Apprenticeships

    Guilds – Adv/ Disadv.

    Industrial Revolution- more workers

  • Public Education-

    • Early High Schools

      • 6.3% attended: in 2000, 70% attended

    • College Attendance

      • 2% attended; in 2000, 58% attended


Historical origins cont
Historical Origins Cont… Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

  • Junior Colleges

    • Joliet Junior College (1901)

      Academic preparation for four-year colleges

  • Continuation Schools

    • Individuals working

    • Unemployed

    • Apprentices

    • Interested students


Historical origins cont1
Historical Origins Cont… Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

  • Community Colleges

    • Advent: Truman Commission

    • Reasons for success

      • Low tuition

      • Locations

      • Flexibility of schedules

      • Employment opportunities requiring “less than Bachelor degree”


Role of modern community technical college
Role of Modern Community/ Technical College Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

  • Role in Society

    • Occupational education

    • Remedial education

    • A-vocational education

    • Transfer courses

    • Workforce training


Characteristics
Characteristics Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

  • 1202 two-year colleges in U.S.

  • 5.5 million students

  • 40% full-time, 60% part-time

  • 59% women, 41% men

  • 34% minorities- Hispanics, African-American, Asians

  • 39% First-generation students

  • 17% single parents


Statistics cont
Statistics Cont… Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

  • Average tuition

    • $2,272 Four Year- $5,386

  • Degrees confirmed

    • 550,000 AAS

    • 270,000 Diplomas

  • Funding Sources

    • 38% State funds

    • 20% Tuition and fees


Statistics cont1
Statistics Cont… Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

  • 19% Local funds

  • 7% Federal funds

  • 16% Other funds( food service, bookstore)

  • Increased demand for AAS degree

    In 2004-2014

    • 46% of job growth in U.S. in AAS careers (professional, managerial, and high sales positions)


  • Challenges facing community technical colleges
    Challenges facing Community/Technical Colleges Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Open Admission Policies

      • Student may not benefit from college

    • Retention and Attrition Rates (according to Bailey,2007)

      • Less than 25% attain a degree

    • After eight years

      • Less than 17% completed fewer than ten credits

      • Less than 40% earned a degree


    Reasons for attending college
    Reasons for Attending College Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Job skill acquisition

    • Transfer to university

    • Career/occupational preparation

    • Learn new information

    • Degree attainment


    Reasons for high attrition
    Reasons for High Attrition Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Fewer high school opportunities

    • Have met career objective

    • Lack of data related to why students attend college

      Challenge:

      Need to assess why students attend college


    Retention issue
    Retention Issue Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Why students fail to complete program

      • Some students drop out because

        • They received what they needed

        • Financial reasons

        • Job out

        • Academic

      • Did not have career preparation/ exploratory skills – Therefore, do not know what they want!


    High school graduation concerns
    High School Graduation Concerns Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • U.S. eclipsed by Norway, Russia, Czech Republic

    • Japan and Canada will overtake U.S.

      • Higher graduation rate

      • Out of 100 students entering high schools

        • U.S. – 18% graduate

        • Canada- 25% graduate


    Reason for higher education
    Reason for Higher Education Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    Correlation with

    • Higher income

    • Greater career opportunities

    • Less unemployment swings

    • Increased participation in civic affairs

    • Greater volunteerism


    Program discontinuation
    Program Discontinuation Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Programs reviewed annually

      • Enrollment status

      • Graduation rates

      • Related employment

      • Workforce growth projections

    • Concerns and implications

      • Suspended or discontinued- impact future enrollments


    College survival
    College Survival- Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Shifting Enrollments due to economy

      • Employment good- enrollment down

      • Employment bad- enrollment up

    • Balanced curriculum areas

      • Manufacturing declines in related trades

        • 1950- 33.1%

        • 2003- 10.7%

      • Need for managers and technicians with AAS

        • 1984- 21%

        • 2000- 28%

      • Need to consider before discontinuance


    Survival cont
    Survival Cont… Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Enrollments must enhance opportunities for all individuals

      • Non-traditional students

        • Older students

        • Minorities

        • Remedial

        • Immigrants


    Matc balancing roles
    MATC: Balancing Roles Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • To attract and cultivate workforce

      • Colleges must have balance of programs to serve

        • multiple constituencies

          • Students

          • Businesses and industries

      • Deal with concerns

        • Environmental - employment rates

        • Academic infrastructure (faculty, training matrl’s)

        • Capacity and capacity building


    Balance role cont
    Balance Role Cont… Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    Must have a skilled workforce and opportunities to work or companies will move resulting in:

    • Increased unemployment

    • Increased crime

    • Deflated housing market

    • Social unrest


    Skilled worker shortage
    Skilled Worker Shortage Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Reason

      • Retirements of large number of workers

      • Low numbers of individuals being prepared to enter workforce

      • Large numbers of individuals whose skills are misaligned with company needs


    Critical areas
    Critical Areas Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Shortages extend to:

      Manufacturing

      Pharmaceuticals

      Education

      Health care


    Matc strategies
    MATC Strategies Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • High unemployment among minorities

    • Skilled worker shortages

      • Program information sessions

      • Recruitment

      • Special counseling

      • Focus on unemployed

        • Need jobs to support themselves!!


    Maslow s hierarchy of needs
    Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Five levels of need

      • Physiological – air, water

      • Safety - employment, health, safety

      • Belonging – family, friendships

      • Esteem – confidence, respect for self

      • Self-actualization – creativity, problem solving


    Learning styles
    Learning Styles Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • 67% learn best when work with others

    • 22% learn best when work on their own

    • 10% learn best when listening

    • 2% learn by reading

      Need to consider learning styles when teaching


    Immigration issues
    Immigration Issues Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Hispanics- growth

      • 14% in 2005

      • 20% in 2030-

    • 57% of 16-64 year olds – foreign born

    • Individuals shunned by educators and society

      • disadvantaged

      • immigrants

      • remedial


    Collaboration across businesses governments and colleges
    Collaboration Across Businesses, Governments and Colleges Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Need to increase AAS degree attainment- Manufacturing down but!!!

      • 57% of jobs in region relate to manufacturing

  • Need to increase economic sustainability by:

    • High levels of business and industry involvement

    • Workforce funding streams

    • Employment and training coordination

    • Support for new workers

    • Career development opportunities


  • Maintaining quality
    Maintaining Quality Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Program Assessment and Review

      • Necessary to ensure programs are up-to-date/ relevant

      • Attractive to students

      • Provide gainful employment

      • Sustainable wage and job availability

    • Connecting with Business - Office of Corporate Learning (OCL)

      • Emphasis on incumbent workers

      • 38.14 contracts


    Cultivating a workforce global perspective
    Cultivating a Workforce: Cultivating Workers in a Global EnvironmentGlobal Perspective

    • Issues in Europe

      • Low birth rates

      • Immigration

    • Australia expects 30,000 vacancies in health care

    • Russia, Italy, Japan facing reductions in working-age populations


    Training opportunities nursing
    Training Opportunities - Nursing Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • High need for health-care workers - nurses

      • Expanded from one location to four

      • Creating additional opportunities for

        • non-traditional students to participate

        • Students working (full- or part-time)

        • Flexible schedules

    • Required additional faculty and equipment


    Dealing with shortages what businesses can do
    Dealing with Shortages - What businesses can do! Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Rather than raid other businesses and industries

      • Involve employees in engaging work

      • Help employees do a better job

      • Provide employees with challenges

      • Interact with employees

    • Need to cultivate workers to ensure skills and interests are matched


    Worker shortages bucyrus international project
    Worker Shortages - Bucyrus International Project Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Threat to move company

    • What questions needed to be answered:

      • Where would students come from?

      • How would students be identified?

      • What type of program needed to be developed?

      • What were the skills required?

      • How would the program be delivered?

      • What were the costs?


    Project cont
    Project Cont… Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • What equipment was required?

    • Did the faculty have the required expertise?

  • Responses

    • Developed a 12-week, 480-hour program

    • Purchased 22 new welders

    • Obtained $500K for tuition and fees

    • Set up an office for inquiries

    • Radio and television talk shows


  • Project cont1
    Project Cont… Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Developed 400 orientation sessions

    • Scheduled interviews for applicants

  • Results

    • 50% of graduates employed

  • Problems:

    • labor intensive

    • Time consuming


  • Additional funding grant activities
    Additional Funding - Grant Activities Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Wisconsin Performance of Skills Standards

    • ECAM - Energy, Conservation, and Advanced Manufacturing

    • Department of Labor Grant

      • Capacity building for pre-college students

      • Teacher leadership

      • Align curriculum


    Hot programs
    Hot Programs Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Allied Health - 26.2% of colleges added

    • Industrial-skilled trades - most discontinued

      26.3%

    • 65% of colleges that responded – reviewed or modified curriculum for homeland security


    Closing comments
    Closing Comments Cultivating Workers in a Global Environment

    • Vocationalism will be here for a long time

    • Worker preparation will play an increasingly important role

    • Patterns of program development will continue to be based on needs

    • Community colleges will continue to have acceptance difficulties

    • Lifelong learning will gain in importance

    • Graduation rates will continue to be issue


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