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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1. Introduction and Scope of Lectures Definition of Legislative Supremacy Ultimate Legislative Authority Comparison with USA. LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1. History of Supremacy Situation pre-1688 Dr. Bonham’s Case (1610) 8 Co Rep 114

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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

Introduction and Scope of Lectures

Definition of Legislative Supremacy

Ultimate Legislative Authority

Comparison with USA


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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

  • History of Supremacy

  • Situation pre-1688

  • Dr. Bonham’s Case (1610) 8 Co Rep 114

  • Case of Proclamations (1611) 12 Co Rep 74

  • Importance of Glorious Revolution


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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

  • A V Dicey – Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution. (1885)

  • "[Parliament] has under the English constitution, the right to make or unmake any law whatever; and further that no person or body is recognised by the law of England as having a right to override or set aside the legislation of Parliament."

  • Positive and Negative Aspect


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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

  • Three things to note about Dicey’s theory

  • 1. Date and ‘novelty.’

  • 2. Constitutional Status

  • 3. Theory of legal not political validity – see Madzimbamuto v. Lardner-Burke [1969] 1 AC 695.


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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

  • Positive Aspect – no limit on the subject-matter of legislation.

  • Illustrated by reference to 3 different areas.

  • 1. Act of Union with Scotland

  • 2. Constitutional Reform

  • 3. Statutes which conflict with international law.


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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

  • 1. The Act of Union with Scotland

  • MacCormick v. Lord Advocate 1953 Sc 396

  • Gibson v. Lord Advocate (1975) SLT 134

  • See now Scotland Act 1998.


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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

  • 2. Constitutional Reform

  • Parliament Acts 1911-1949 – see R (Jackson and ors) v. A/G [2005] EWCA Civ 126

  • European Communities Act 1972 - see Blackburn v. A.G. [1971] 1 WLR 137.

  • House of Lords Act 1999


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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

  • 3. Statutes which conflict with international law

  • ‘Duallist’ Approach

  • Mortensen v. Peters (1906) 14 SLT 227.

  • Cheney v. Conn [1968] 1 All ER 779.


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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

  • The Enrolled Act Rule

  • Edinburgh & Dalkeith Railway v. Wauchope (1842)

  • A-G for New South Wales v. Trethowan [1932] AC 526 (PC)

  • Pickin v. British Railways Board [1974] AC 765.


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LEGISLATIVE SUPREMACY OF PARLIAMENT : 1

  • Summary and analysis of Position under Dicey’s Theory.

  • Why do people continue to challenge the validity of Acts of Parliament?

  • Is Dicey still relevant?


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