The Enlightenment, British Government, & The American Revolution. The Glorious Revolution of 1688. King James II of England overthrown by William and Mary Peaceful revolution- James split to France A.K.A. “The Bloodless Revolution”. Results of Glorious Revolution.
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Land, Raw Materials, Trade, Power
The British took control of North America after French and Indian War (a.k.a. Seven Year’s War 1756-163)
Why did Britain want to maintain control over the colonies?
To make a profit through trade and gain landBritish Colonization
Question: Indian War (a.k.a. Seven Year’s War 1756-163)
What did the British do to ensure a profit from their American colonies?
Taxes, Taxes, Taxes!
Trade only with British merchants and no other countries, called mercantilismThe American Colonies
Motivation, Ideas, Leaders!!!
Upon whose Enlightenment ideas did the colonists base their actions for revolution?
The Declaration can be broken into three parts:
Section 1: Beliefs
1.What do the colonists believe they have a right to do? Why?
Section 2 (starts with “He…”): Facts/Evidence
2. Who is the “He” that the authors refer to?
Section 3 (starts with “We, therefore,”): Actions
4. What are the colonists going to do now that they’ve established their beliefs and listed the evidence?
5. List at least 3 phrases in the Declaration of Independence that are evidence of enlightenment thinking.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Declaration of Independence- 1776
“…Laws of Nature and Nature’s God…” Independence that are evidence of enlightenment thinking.
“all Men are created equal…”
“Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness”
“Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Government.”
“…whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive… it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it…”