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Journal Entry-Respond to the following quote:. "I shall be telling this with a sigh, somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood., and I, I took the one less traveled by, and that has made all the difference .“ -Robert Frost, American Poet

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journal entry respond to the following quote
Journal Entry-Respond to the following quote:

"I shall be telling this with a sigh, somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood., and I, I took the one less traveled by, and that has made all the difference.“

-Robert Frost, American Poet

  • Think about your own life and any experiences you can relate to the quote.
  • What did you learn from last class?
  • I can identify the reasons people abuse prescription drugs.
  • I can identify why abusing prescription drugs is so harmful.
  • I have gained the knowledge necessary to make smart choices when it comes to the abuse of prescription drugs.
what is prescription drug abuse
What is Prescription Drug Abuse?
  • Prescription drug abuse is:
    • the intentional use of a medication without a prescription.
how common is it
How common is it?
  • It is estimated that 20% of people in the United States have used a prescription drug for non-medical reasons.
  • WHY?
  • Turn to seat buddy and verbally brainstorm why people might take prescription drugs for non-medical reasons.

Can anyone tell me


your generation


best known as?

generation rx
Generation Rx
statistics had shown an increase in recent years
Statistics had shown an increase in recent years:
  • In 2009, 16 million Americans age 12 and older had taken a prescription pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative for nonmedical purposes at least once in the year prior to being surveyed.
  • The NIDA-funded 2012 Monitoring the Future Study showed that
    • 1.3% of 8th graders, 4.4% of 10th graders, and 7.5% of 12th graders had abused Vicodin
    • 1.6% of 8th graders, 3.0% of 10th graders, and 4.3% of 12th graders had abused OxyContin
      • Both for nonmedical purposes at least once in the year prior to being surveyed.
why the increase
Why the increase?
  • 1). Misperceptions about their safety.

- Because these medications are prescribed by doctors, many assume that they are safe to take under any circumstances.

- This is not the case: prescription drugs act directly or indirectly on the same brain systems affected by illicit drugs; thus their abuse carries substantial addiction liability and can lead to a variety of other adverse health effects.


2) Increasing environmental availability.

Between 1991 and 2010, prescriptions for stimulants increased from 5 million to 45 million, a 9-fold increase, and opioid analgesics increased from about 30 million to 180 million, a 6-fold increase.


Varied motivations for their abuse.

Underlying reasons include: to get high; to counter anxiety, pain, or sleep problems; or to enhance cognition (although they may, in fact, impair certain types of cognitive performance). Whatever the motivation, prescription drug abuse comes with serious risks.

how serious of a problem do we have
How serious of a problem do we have?
  • Since 1999, overdose deaths from narcotic painkillers in the U.S. have quadrupled.
  • Every day, they kill 45 people and send 1,370 to emergency rooms.
  • By contrast, cocaine kills 12 people a day and heroin kills eight.
  • The number of people addicted to pain relievers grew from 936,000 in 2002 to 1.4 million in 2011.
  • About a third of the addicts are 18 to 25.
signs of prescription drug abuse
Signs of prescription drug abuse…
  • Decreased or obsessive interest in school work
  • Fatigue, red or glazed eyes and repeated health complaints
  • Sudden mood changes, including irritability, negative attitude, personality changes, and general lack of interest in extracurricular activities
  • An extreme change in peer group or hangout location
most commonly abused prescription drugs
Most commonly abused prescription drugs:
  • Opioids—usually prescribed to treat pain.
    • Examples: Oxycodone (OxyContin), Vicodin, Percocet
  • CNS depressants—used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders.
    • Examples: Valium, Xanax, Lunesta
  • Stimulants—prescribed to treat ADHD and narcolepsy
    • Examples: Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin
what is oxycontin
What is OxyContin?
  • Oxycodone is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. Oxycodone is in a class of medications called opiate (narcotic) analgesics. It works by changing the way the brain and nervous system respond to pain.
  • Video clip from a pharmacist explaining the drug…
why is it so bad
Why is it so bad?
  • Because OxyContin, like heroin and other opioids, is a central nervous system depressant, an overdose can cause respiratory failure and death. Some symptoms of OxyContin overdose include:
    • Slow breathing (respiratory depression)
    • Seizures
    • Dizziness
    • Weakness
    • Loss of consciousness
    • Coma
    • Confusion
    • Tiredness
    • Cold and clammy skin
what is vicodin
What is Vicodin?
  • Vicodin is a narcotic pain reliever typically used to treat moderate to severe pain.
  • Vicodin works by blocking nerve receptors that tell the brain that your have pain somewhere in your body. In other words, communication is interrupted from your pain to the brain.
vicodin continued
Vicodin continued

Problems associated with Vicodin:

  • Taking a large single dose of an opioid could cause severe respiratory depression that can lead to death.
  • Effects of an overdose are clammy skin, convulsions, slow and shallow breathing, coma, and possible death.
  • Some side effects of using this drug are fast or slow heartbeat, trouble breathing, swelling of the face, hives, skin rash, itching, hallucinations, changes in behavior, severe confusion or tiredness, yellowing of the skin or eyes, drowsiness, dizziness or weakness, dry mouth, nausea or vomiting, constipation, headache, & blurred vision.
now it s time to hear from the most accurate sources former users
Now it’s time to hear from the most accurate sources…former users
  • The abuse of prescription drugs is on the rise.
  • Abusing prescription drugs is not only potentially harmful to your health, but could in fact kill you.
  • Know what you are taking before you take it and consider the risks.