Word List. muhajirun (migrants) ansar (helpers) umma (community) Constitution of Medina. Word List. Timeline. Banu Qaynuqa ‘ Banu ’ l-Nadir Banu Qurayza khandaq (ditch) Sa ‘ d ibn Mu ‘ adh. 624 Battle of Badr. Expulsion of the Banu Qaynuqa ‘ . 625 Battle of Uhud. Expulsion
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muhajirun (migrants) ansar (helpers)
Constitution of Medina
Sa‘d ibn Mu‘adh
624 Battle of Badr. Expulsion
of the Banu Qaynuqa‘.
625 Battle of Uhud. Expulsion
of the Banu’l-Nadir.
627 Battle of the khandaq.
Execution of the Banu Qurayza.
628 Truce with Mecca
629 Muslim pilgrimage
630 Muhammad takes
632 Death of
Muhammad (8th June)
1. Sources written long after Muhammad’s
2. Biographies as contextualisation and
defence of Qur’an and Islam
3. Muhammad as ideal figure and exemplar
Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Yasar ibn Khiyar
Scholar from family of story-transmitters
Studied in Alexandria and Medina. Got into
quarrel with Malik ibn Anas (d. 795) and
had to leave. Eventually settled in Baghdad.
Scholars during life and after divided on his
Works: Al-Sira al-Nabawiyya (biography of
Kitab al-Khulafa’ (book on the caliphs)
Sunan (book of hadith [stories] of
Prophet and companions, guide for life)
Sunan lost. Others survive through other writers’
works. Sira preserved in version edited by
Ibn Hisham (d. 828 or 833) and in other
works, including history of al-Tabari
Abu Ja‘far Muhammad ibn Jarir ibn Yazid
Son of prosperous landowner. Child prodigy.
Left home at 12 to seek scholars to learn from.
Travelled widely. Settled in Baghdad.
Wrote on history, Qur’anic interpretation,
jurisprudence. Taught, but never in
Comprehensive user of sources, but also uses
Works: many, including:
Mukhtasar Ta’rikh al-Rusul wa’l-Muluk
wa’l-Khulafa’ (universal history from
creation to 915. 12.5 vols; original was
ten times that!)
Jami‘al-Bayan ‘an Ta’wil al-Qur’an
(commentary on Qur’an, finished 896-903)
isnad = chain of transmitters
qara’a = to read/to recite
mi‘raj (miraculous night journey)