What was wrong with britain s roads in 1750
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What was wrong with Britain’s roads in 1750? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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What was wrong with Britain’s roads in 1750?. L/O – To examine the problems with Britain’s transport system and to illustrate how the roads were improved. Starter – How long do you think it would take to travel from London to Edinburgh by Horse and Cart in 1750? . What have we studied so far?.

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What was wrong with Britain’s roads in 1750?

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What was wrong with britain s roads in 1750

What was wrong with Britain’s roads in 1750?

L/O – To examine the problems with Britain’s transport system and to illustrate how the roads were improved

Starter – How long do you think it would take to travel from London to Edinburgh by Horse and Cart in 1750?


What have we studied so far

What have we studied so far?

Agricultural

Revolution

Industrial

Revolution

Transport

Revolution


Pressures on transport in 18 th century

Pressures on Transport in 18th Century

  • Growing towns

  • Growing population

  • Growing factories

  • Growing trade with empire

  • Growing movement of people (work, army)

Explain how each of the above factors would put pressure on Britain’s roads.


Britain s road system in 1750

Britain’s Road System in 1750

  • The agricultural and industrial changes meant that a lot more goods and people needed to be transported.

  • This left the roads rutted and full of huge potholes. Coaches became stuck and some people even drowned in the potholes!

  • To make matters worse, passengers in stagecoaches were often robbed by highwaymen.


Time for turnpikes

Time for Turnpikes

  • Businesses were starting to lose money because of the state of the roads so the government started to act.

  • Britain’s roads were divided up and rented to a ‘turnpike trust’. These trusts promised to improve their road and in return they could charge a ‘toll’

  • Turnpike roads had gates at each end where toll keepers collected the money.


Consequences of the turnpikes

Consequences of the Turnpikes

Answer Questions 1-3 on page 37

  • By 1830, there were nearly 1000 turnpike trusts improving over 20,000 miles of British roads.

  • Before it would take 2 weeks to travel from London to Edinburgh. By 1830 it took only 48hours!

  • The money made from the roads enabled inventors to design even better roads.

  • Thomas Telford and John McAdamdesigned cheap and sturdy roads but McAdam’s were more popular.


Plenary

Plenary

  • Describe two ways in which Britain’s roads were being put under pressurein 1750

  • Describe two problemswith Britain’s roads in 1750.

  • How did turnpikes improve the roads?

  • Name 2 types of road that were designed.

    Did we meet our learning objective?

L/O – To examine the problems with Britain’s transport system and to illustrate how the roads were improved


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