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Regents Exam U.S. History and Government PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Regents Exam U.S. History and Government. Tuesday June 16, 2009 1:15 PM. The exam has three parts. Part 1-50 Multiple Choice Questions Part 2-Thematic Essay Part 3-Document-Based Question with Scaffolding. There are seven required units that all questions will be derived from. 1-Geography - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Regents Exam U.S. History and Government

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Regents Exam U.S. History and Government

Tuesday June 16, 2009

1:15 PM


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The exam has three parts.

Part 1-50 Multiple Choice Questions

Part 2-Thematic Essay

Part 3-Document-Based Question with Scaffolding


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There are seven required units that all questions will be derived from.

  • 1-Geography

  • 2-Constitutional Foundations for the United States Democratic Republic

  • 3-Industrialization of the United States

  • 4-The Progressive Movement: Responses to the Challenges Brought About by Industrialization and Urbanization


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  • 5- At Home and Abroad: Prosperity and Depression, 1917-1929

  • 6- The United States in an Age of Global Crisis: Responsibility and Cooperation

  • 7- World in Uncertain Times: 1950-Present


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Specifications Grid Number of multiple-choice items by unit

  • 1/ 0-2

  • 2/ 10-14

  • 3/ 4-8

  • 4/ 4-8

  • 5/ 4-8

  • 6/ 4-8

  • 7/ 4-8 (2-6 questions from 1980-present)


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The 2 required essays are chosen from themes in U.S. History

  • At least one essay must have a government theme. Some possible topics are:

  • 1. Laws and social change

  • 2. Roles of the Supreme Court

  • 3. Checks and Balances

  • 4. Citizenship

  • 5. Equal Rights


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6. Presidential Decisions

  • Throughout United States history, presidents have made decisions which have had significant impacts on American society.

  • Choose 3 of these decisions and:

  • 1. Describe the problem which led him to the decision.

  • 2. Discuss an impact of the decision on American society.


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Other themes to consider as possible essay topics.

  • 1. Geographic Factors

  • 2. Intellectual Life and Reform

  • 3. Technology

  • 4. Twentieth Century Problems

  • 5. Tradition Versus Change

  • 6. Economic Policies and Systems

  • 7. Environmental Issues


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Other themes to consider as possible essay topics.

  • 8. Factors of Production and Growth

  • 9. Foreign Policies

  • 10. Human Rights

  • 11. Migration and Immigration

  • 12. Individuals and Groups

  • 13. Minorities

  • 14. Diversity and Intolerance

  • 15. Territorial Expansion


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Sample Document Multiple Choice Questions

  • Judicial review, as practiced by the federal courts, resulted directly from

  • 1. the decisions of colonial governors

  • 2. the Articles of Confederation

  • 3. the Bill of Rights

  • 4. a Supreme Court decision


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Sample Document Multiple Choice Questions

  • During the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the Great Compromise resolved a conflict over

  • 1. presidential power

  • 2. the issue of nullification

  • 3. representation in Congress

  • 4. taxes on imports


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Sample Document Multiple Choice Questions

  • John Locke’s theory of natural rights, as reflected in the Declaration of Independence, states that

  • 1. government is the source of all individual rights

  • 2. power should be concentrated in the monarchy

  • 3. power to govern belongs to the people

  • 4. individual liberties are best protected by a strong government


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Geography-Unit One Topics

  • A. The Physical / Cultural Setting in the Americas

  • B. Role/ Influence of Geography on Historical/ Cultural Development

  • C. Geographic Issues Today

  • D. Demographics


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Geography Multiple Choice Questions

  • Prior to 1850, what was the main reason the North developed an economy increasingly based on manufacturing while the South continued to rely on an economy based on agriculture?

  • 1. Protective tariffs applied only to northern seaports.

  • 2. Geographic conditions supported different types of economic activity.

  • 3. Slavery in the North promoted rapid economic growth.

  • 4. Manufacturers failed to make a profit in the South.


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Geography Multiple Choice Questions

  • Acquiring New Orleans as part of the Louisiana Purchase was considered important to the development of the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys because the city

  • 1. provided protection from attacks by the Spanish

  • 2. provided migrant workers for river valley farms

  • 3. served as a port for American agricultural goods

  • 4. served as the cultural center for the nation


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Geography Multiple Choice Questions

  • Which geographic factor had the greatest influence on early patterns of industrialization in the United States?

  • 1. scarcity of flat land on which to build factories

  • 2. shortages of timber and coal

  • 3. desire of workers to live in mild climates

  • 4. availability of waterpower to operate machines


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Industrialization-Unit Three Topics

  • A. The Reconstructed Nation

  • B. The Rise of American Business, Industry, and Labor

  • C. Adjusting Society to Industrialism: American People and Places


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Industrialization Multiple Choice Questions

  • The growth of big business in the late 1800’s resulted in

  • 1. a reduction in child labor

  • 2. the elimination of the middle class

  • 3. the widening of the economic gap between rich and poor

  • 4. a shift in transportation investment from railroads to canals


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Industrialization Multiple Choice Questions

  • Constitutional amendments adopted during Reconstruction were intended to

  • 1. provide legal and political rights for African Americans

  • 2. end property and religious qualifications for voting

  • 3. correct problems with the electoral college system

  • 4. limit the number of terms of the president


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Industrialization Multiple Choice Questions

  • After 1880, a major new source of labor for American factories was

  • 1. western farmers who moved back to eastern cities

  • 2. young women who worked until they married

  • 3. formerly enslaved persons fleeing from the South

  • 4. immigrants from southern and eastern Europe


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Reform-Unit 4 Topics

  • A. Reform in America

  • B. America Reaching Out


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Reform Multiple Choice Questions

  • The photographs of Jacob Riis are most closely associated with the

  • 1. battlefields of the Civil War

  • 2. living conditions of the urban poor

  • 3. plight of sharecroppers in the South

  • 4. victims of the Dust Bowl on the Great Plains


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Reform Multiple Choice Questions

  • Progressive Era reforms such as the initiative, referendum, and recall attempted to

  • 1. increase the power of citizens in state and local government

  • 2. reestablish the system of checks and balances

  • 3. provide low-interest loans to farmers

  • 4. expand voting rights to Native Americans


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Reform Multiple Choice Questions

  • The Federal Reserve System helps to regulate

  • 1. the annual federal budget

  • 2. state sales tax rates

  • 3. Social Security payments

  • 4. the nation’s money supply


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1917-1940: Unit 5 Topics

  • A. War and Prosperity : 1917-1929

  • B. The Great Depression


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1917-1940 Multiple Choice Questions

  • The march of the “Bonus Army” and referring to shantytowns as “Hoovervilles” in the early 1930’s illustrate

  • 1. growing discontent with Republican efforts to deal with the Great Depression

  • 2. state projects that created jobs for the unemployed

  • 3. federal attempts to restore confidence in the American economy

  • 4. the president’s success in solving social problems


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1917-1940 Multiple Choice Questions

  • The changing image of women during the 1920’s was symbolized by the

  • 1. passage of an equal pay act

  • 2. drafting of women into the army

  • 3. popularity of the flappers and their style of dress

  • 4. appointment of several women to President Calvin Coolidge’s cabinet


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1917-1940 Multiple Choice Questions

  • In the years before the U.S. entered World War 1, President Woodrow Wilson violated his position of strict neutrality by

  • 1. secretly sending troops to fight for the democratic nations

  • 2. openly encouraging Mexico to send troops to support the Allies

  • 3. supporting economic policies that favored the Allied nations

  • 4. using U.S. warships to attack German submarines


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1917-1940 Multiple Choice Questions

  • The Harlem Renaissance of the 1920’s can best be described as:

  • 1. an organization created to help promote African-American businesses

  • 2. a movement that sought to draw people back to the inner cities

  • 3. a relief program to provide jobs for minority workers

  • 4. a period of great achievement by African-American writers, artists, and performers


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Global Crisis: Unit 6 Topics

  • A. Peace in Peril : 1933-1950

  • B. Peace With Problems : 1945-1960


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Unit 6 Multiple Choice Questions

  • A main purpose of government-ordered rationing during World War 2 was to

  • 1. increase foreign trade

  • 2. limit the growth of industry

  • 3. conserve raw materials for the war effort

  • 4. encourage women to enter the workforce


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Unit 6 Multiple Choice Questions

  • The U.S. began a trade embargo against Cuba in the 1960’s to

  • 1. encourage political change in Cuba

  • 2. promote domestic industries in Cuba

  • 3. motivate Cubans to immigrate to the U.S.

  • 4. end the domination of the banana industry by Cuba


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Unit 6 Multiple Choice Questions

  • A goal of the Marshall Plan (1948) was to

  • 1. rebuild Japan after World War 2

  • 2. provide military aid to the Warsaw Pact

  • 3. establish a Pan-American military alliance system

  • 4. provide economic aid to European nations threatened by communism


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1950 – Present: Unit 7 Topics

  • A. Toward a Postindustrial World: Living in a Global Age

  • B. Containment and Consensus: 1945-1960

  • C. Decade of Change: 1960’s

  • D. The Limits of Power: Turmoil at Home and Abroad, 1965-1972

  • E. The Trend Toward Conservatism, 1972-1985

  • F. Approaching the Next Century 1986-


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Unit 7 Multiple Choice Questions

  • A major goal of President Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society program was to

  • 1. control economic inflation

  • 2. end poverty in the U.S.

  • 3. repeal several New Deal social programs

  • 4. return the responsibility for welfare programs to the states


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Unit 7 Multiple Choice Questions

  • In Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) and Miranda v. Arizona (1966), the Supreme Court ruled that persons convicted of crimes had been

  • 1. denied due process of law

  • 2. denied a speedy and public trial

  • 3. victimized by illegal search and seizure

  • 4. sentenced to cruel and unusual punishment


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Unit 7 Multiple Choice Questions

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed in an effort to correct:

  • racial and gender discrimination

    2. limitations on freedom of speech

    3. unfair immigration quotas

    4. segregation in the armed forces


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Unit 7 Multiple Choice Questions

  • Population increases that resulted from the baby boom of the 1950’s and 1960’s contributed to a

  • 1. housing surplus

  • 2. drop in immigration

  • 3. reduction in government services

  • 4. rise in the demand for consumer goods