Industry overview and developments
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Industry Overview and Developments. Ralph Groschen Senior Marketing Specialist Minnesota Department of Agriculture ralph.groschen@state.mn.us www.mda.state.mn.us. Riverland Community College December 6, 2006 Kasson, MN. Includes plants under construction as of September 2003.

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Industry Overview and Developments

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Industry Overview and Developments

  • Ralph Groschen

  • Senior Marketing Specialist

  • Minnesota Department of Agriculture

  • ralph.groschen@state.mn.us

  • www.mda.state.mn.us

Riverland Community College

December 6, 2006

Kasson, MN


Includes plants under construction as of September 2003


New Projects

HAWAII


Minnesota Ethanol:

Production, Producer Payments, and Economic Impacts

(Fiscal Year: July 1-June 30)


Minnesota’s Ethanol Plants

Plant (Start date) Original capacity (millions) 2004

  • Marshall (1987)1040

  • Morris (1991) 3.522

  • Corn Plus (1994)1540

  • Heartland (1995)1037

  • Al-Corn (1996)1034

  • CVEC (1996)1542

  • MN Energy (1997)1218

  • Ethanol 2000 (1997)1230

  • Pro-Corn (1998)1240

  • Cornerstone (1998)1221

  • CMEC (1999)2022

  • Exol (1999)1340

  • North Star 20055050

  • Total 210 454


Yields

Yields

Return To Fossil Fuel Energy

100% more energy w/ Ethanol

1.67 Btu of fuel ethanol

(USDA)

1 Btu of fossil energy

Coal, oil, or gas

0.805 Btu of gasoline


DDGs for 40 million gal. plant energy?


Market Development

  • 5 billion gallons used today, mostly in E10.

  • E85 is future possibility for market expansion. (MN is way ahead nationally)

  • May also develop other markets:

    • 1. Aviation Fuel?

    • 2. Diesel Fuel (Sweden)

    • 3. E20 (Gov’s initiative)

    • 4. RFG area O2 caps may be lifted


Where do we go from here?

  • Maintain existing industry through transition

  • “Cellulose” (biomass) to ethanol and other fuels.

  • Minnesota plants are taking the initiative.

  • Pathways

    • 1. Use biomass fuels for process energy. (MN)

    • 2. Enzyme/Fermentation DOE focus.

    • 2. Thermochemical

      • A. Various thermochemical reactions (Pyrolysis- Synthetics)

      • B. Gasification “Syngas” and “biorefinery process” (MN)


What’s Possible?

Source - Vinod Khosla

70% of today’s gasoline usage?


Fossil Energy Ratio (FER) = energy in fuel/fossil energy input

10.31

Michael Wang, Center for Transportation Research,

Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory


Yields

Yields

Return To Fossil Fuel Energy

280% more energy w/ Biodiesel

3.2 Btu of Biodiesel

(USDA & DOE)

1 Btu of fossil energy

Coal, oil, or gas

0.843 Btu of Diesel Fuel


Minnesota Biodiesel

  • 2% required in Minnesota since 9/29/05

  • 3 plants, 63 million gallons production capacity

  • High blends & B100 used in summer by some

  • Filter problems in Winter ‘05 & ’06 blamed on biodiesel

  • Some “off-spec” biodiesel was shipped

  • Everybody used B2, most had no problem

  • Other potential causes of filter problems were not discussed


Diesel Filter Problems

  • Jan. 2006 Cummins Diesel Bulletin

  • Diesel filter life has shortened steadily since Winter of 2004.

  • Major causes of plugging are:

    • “Asphaltine” polymers duel to high fuel temp

    • “Biological organism” growing in fuel

    • “Engine lubricating oil” mixed in fuel

      • Engine design, pipeline additives & used oil.

    • Biodiesel fuel mixed at “high levels” (B20)

    • “Solid Particle contaminants, (Dirt)”


Questions?


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