Industry overview and developments
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Industry Overview and Developments. Ralph Groschen Senior Marketing Specialist Minnesota Department of Agriculture [email protected] www.mda.state.mn.us. Riverland Community College December 6, 2006 Kasson, MN. Includes plants under construction as of September 2003.

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Industry overview and developments

Industry Overview and Developments

  • Ralph Groschen

  • Senior Marketing Specialist

  • Minnesota Department of Agriculture

  • [email protected]

  • www.mda.state.mn.us

Riverland Community College

December 6, 2006

Kasson, MN


Industry overview and developments

Includes plants under construction as of September 2003


New projects

New Projects

HAWAII


Industry overview and developments

Minnesota Ethanol:

Production, Producer Payments, and Economic Impacts

(Fiscal Year: July 1-June 30)


Minnesota s ethanol plants

Minnesota’s Ethanol Plants

Plant (Start date) Original capacity (millions) 2004

  • Marshall (1987)1040

  • Morris (1991) 3.522

  • Corn Plus (1994)1540

  • Heartland (1995)1037

  • Al-Corn (1996)1034

  • CVEC (1996)1542

  • MN Energy (1997)1218

  • Ethanol 2000 (1997)1230

  • Pro-Corn (1998)1240

  • Cornerstone (1998)1221

  • CMEC (1999)2022

  • Exol (1999)1340

  • North Star 20055050

  • Total 210 454


Industry overview and developments

Yields

Yields

Return To Fossil Fuel Energy

100% more energy w/ Ethanol

1.67 Btu of fuel ethanol

(USDA)

1 Btu of fossil energy

Coal, oil, or gas

0.805 Btu of gasoline


Ddgs for 40 million gal plant energy

DDGs for 40 million gal. plant energy?


Market development

Market Development

  • 5 billion gallons used today, mostly in E10.

  • E85 is future possibility for market expansion. (MN is way ahead nationally)

  • May also develop other markets:

    • 1. Aviation Fuel?

    • 2. Diesel Fuel (Sweden)

    • 3. E20 (Gov’s initiative)

    • 4. RFG area O2 caps may be lifted


Where do we go from here

Where do we go from here?

  • Maintain existing industry through transition

  • “Cellulose” (biomass) to ethanol and other fuels.

  • Minnesota plants are taking the initiative.

  • Pathways

    • 1. Use biomass fuels for process energy. (MN)

    • 2. Enzyme/Fermentation DOE focus.

    • 2. Thermochemical

      • A. Various thermochemical reactions (Pyrolysis- Synthetics)

      • B. Gasification “Syngas” and “biorefinery process” (MN)


What s possible

What’s Possible?

Source - Vinod Khosla

70% of today’s gasoline usage?


Industry overview and developments

Fossil Energy Ratio (FER) = energy in fuel/fossil energy input

10.31

Michael Wang, Center for Transportation Research,

Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory


Industry overview and developments

Yields

Yields

Return To Fossil Fuel Energy

280% more energy w/ Biodiesel

3.2 Btu of Biodiesel

(USDA & DOE)

1 Btu of fossil energy

Coal, oil, or gas

0.843 Btu of Diesel Fuel


Minnesota biodiesel

Minnesota Biodiesel

  • 2% required in Minnesota since 9/29/05

  • 3 plants, 63 million gallons production capacity

  • High blends & B100 used in summer by some

  • Filter problems in Winter ‘05 & ’06 blamed on biodiesel

  • Some “off-spec” biodiesel was shipped

  • Everybody used B2, most had no problem

  • Other potential causes of filter problems were not discussed


Diesel filter problems

Diesel Filter Problems

  • Jan. 2006 Cummins Diesel Bulletin

  • Diesel filter life has shortened steadily since Winter of 2004.

  • Major causes of plugging are:

    • “Asphaltine” polymers duel to high fuel temp

    • “Biological organism” growing in fuel

    • “Engine lubricating oil” mixed in fuel

      • Engine design, pipeline additives & used oil.

    • Biodiesel fuel mixed at “high levels” (B20)

    • “Solid Particle contaminants, (Dirt)”


Industry overview and developments

Questions?


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